From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Easton's Bible Dictionary [1]

 Job 1:19 Proverbs 7:8 Nehemiah 9:22  Numbers 24:17 Leviticus 19:9 23:22 Leviticus 19:27 21:5 Isaiah 11:12  Ezekiel 7:2  Matthew 6:5

The corner gate of Jerusalem (  2 Kings 14:13;  2 Chronicles 26:9 ) was on the north-west side of the city.

Corner-stone ( Job 38:6;  Isaiah 28:16 ), a block of great importance in binding together the sides of a building. The "head of the corner" ( Psalm 118:22,23 ) denotes the coping, the "coign of vantage", i.e., the topstone of a building. But the word "corner stone" is sometimes used to denote some person of rank and importance ( Isaiah 28:16 ). It is applied to our Lord, who was set in highest honour ( Matthew 21:42 ). He is also styled "the chief corner stone" ( Ephesians 2:20;  1 Peter 2:6-8 ). When ( Zechariah 10:4 ), speaking of Judah, says, "Out of him came forth the corner," he is probably to be understood as ultimately referring to the Messiah as the "corner stone." (See Temple, Solomon'S )

People's Dictionary of the Bible [2]

Corner. According to the Mosaic law, it was forbidden to reap the corners of the field, so that there might be gleanings for the poor.  Leviticus 19:9;  Leviticus 23:22. The "corner of the house-top,"  Proverbs 21:9, is a narrow place exposed to sun and rain, contrasted with the wide room or house below. The word "corner" in the phrase "corners of Moab," or of any other country,  Numbers 24:17;  Jeremiah 48:45, means the length and breadth of the country, and also of the world. "Corner of a bed,"  Amos 3:12, the corner of a room; was on the elevated part (used by night for a bed or couch), and contained the most honorable seat, in the passage last cited it figuratively denotes the most proud and luxurious of the Israelites in Samaria. In  Zechariah 10:4 the word "corner" is used to denote either the cornerstone or the most conspicuous part of a building, and evidently refers to Christ,  Matthew 21:42.

Cornerstone.  Job 38:6. Christ is called "the corner-stone of the Church," because he gives strength and unity to the whole structure of God's house. Comp.  Ephesians 2:20;  1 Peter 2:6;  Matthew 21:42;  Romans 9:32-33;  1 Corinthians 1:23.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): (n.) The space in the angle between converging lines or walls which meet in a point; as, the chimney corner.

(2): (n.) A free kick from close to the nearest corner flag post, allowed to the opposite side when a player has sent the ball behind his own goal line.

(3): (n.) An edge or extremity; the part farthest from the center; hence, any quarter or part.

(4): (n.) The state of things produced by a combination of persons, who buy up the whole or the available part of any stock or species of property, which compels those who need such stock or property to buy of them at their own price; as, a corner in a railway stock.

(5): (v. t.) To drive into a position of great difficulty or hopeless embarrassment; as, to corner a person in argument.

(6): (n.) The point where two converging lines meet; an angle, either external or internal.

(7): (n.) Direction; quarter.

(8): (v. t.) To get command of (a stock, commodity, etc.), so as to be able to put one's own price on it; as, to corner the shares of a railroad stock; to corner petroleum.

(9): (v. t.) To drive into a corner.

(10): (n.) A secret or secluded place; a remote or out of the way place; a nook.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [4]

 Isaiah 11:12 (b) This expression is used to describe every part of the earth. It is an idiom easily understood. (See also  Ezekiel 7:2;  Revelation 7:1).

 Matthew 6:5 (b) This indicates any place of prominence which a religious person takes for his own advantage.

 Matthew 21:42 (a) This refers to the foundation of the church, and in fact all of GOD's purposes. Everything that GOD does rests and centers in His Son, the Lord Jesus As a stone we see His permanence in strength. He remains unchanged through the centuries. (See also  Psalm 118:22;  Mark 12:10;  Acts 4:11;  1 Peter 2:7).

 Acts 26:26 (a) This type is used to illustrate the fact that Paul's work was not done slyly, secretly nor quietly, but out in the open and before the public. Neither did Christ live, suffer and die hidden in obscurity. All of this was done openly and plainly in the sight of all the people.

King James Dictionary [5]

Corner n. See Horn and Grain.

1. The point where two converging lines meet properly, the external point an angle as, we meet at the corner of the state-house, or at the corner of two streets. 2. The interior point where two lines meet an angle. 3. The space between two converging lines or walls which meet in a point. Hence, 4. An inclosed place a secret or retired place.

This thing was not done in a corner.  Acts 26 .

5. Indefinitely any part a part. They searched every corner of the forest. They explored all corners of the country. 6. The end, extremity or limit as the corners of the head or beard.  Leviticus 21,19 .

Corner-teeth of a horse, the foreteeth between the middling teeth and the tushes, two above and two below, on each side of the jaw, which shoot when the horse is four years and a half old.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [6]

A merciful provision of the law left the grainers of the fields and whatever crop was on them to be enjoyed by the poor ( Leviticus 19:9). So also gleanings of fields and fruit trees ( Leviticus 23:22;  Deuteronomy 24:19-21). Such regulations diminished, much the amount of poverty. In David's time only 500 or 600 in debt or distress joined him out of all Judaea ( 1 Samuel 21:11). Later the prophets constantly complain of the rich defrauding the poor ( Isaiah 3:14-15;  Isaiah 10:2;  Amos 5:11).

Smith's Bible Dictionary [7]

Corner. The "corner" of the field was not allowed,  Leviticus 19:9, to be wholly reaped. It formed a right of the poor to carry off what was so left, and this was a part of the maintenance from the soil to which that class were entitled. Under the scribes, minute legislation fixed one-sixtieth as the portion of a field which was to be left for the legal "corner." The proportion being thus fixed, all the grain might be reaped, and enough to satisfy the regulation, subsequently, separated from the whole crop. This "corner" was, like the gleaning, tithe-free.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary [8]

 Amos 3:12 . Sitting in the corner is a stately attitude. The place of honour is the corner of the room, and there the master of the house sits and receives his visitants.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [9]

The words thus translated in our version of the Bible are the following:

1.' פַּנָּה , Pinnah , signifies properly a pinnacle, as shooting tap ( 2 Chronicles 26:15;  Zephaniah 1:16;  Zephaniah 3:6); hence an angle, properly exterior, as of a house ( Job 1:19), of a street ( Proverbs 7:8); also interior, as of a roof ( Proverbs 21:9;  Proverbs 25:24), of a court ( Ezekiel 42:20), of a city ( 2 Chronicles 28:24). It is put metaphorically for a prince or chief of the people ( 1 Samuel 14:38;  Judges 20:2;  Isaiah 19:13). The abbreviated form, פֵּן , Pen , occurs  Proverbs 7:8;  Zechariah 14:10.

2. פֵּאָה , Peah , properly the Mouth , then the Face ; hence, generally, a "Side " of anything (especially a point of the compass, as on the east side, i.e. eastward, "the four corners" standing for the whole extent), or region, as of the face ("part,"  Leviticus 13:41); of country ("corners,"  Nehemiah 9:22, i.e. various districts of the promised land allotted to the Israelites; so "corner of Moab,"  Jeremiah 48:15, i.e. that country: and in the plural, "corners [literally, the two sides] of Moab,"  Numbers 24:17, the whole land). Secondarily it denotes the extreme part of anything, as of a field ( Leviticus 19:9;  Leviticus 23:22), of the sacred table ( Exodus 25:26;  Exodus 37:13), of a couch or divan, the place of honor ( Amos 3:12). The "corners of the head and beard" ( Leviticus 19:27;  Leviticus 21:5) were doubtless the extremities of the hair and whiskers running around the ears, which the Jews were forbidden to cut or shave off round, like the clipped ear-locks (mistranslated "utmost corners,"  Jeremiah 9:26;  Jeremiah 25:23;  Jeremiah 49:32) of the heathen and the ancient Arabs of the desert (Herod. 3, 8). Illustrations of this fashion are still extant; indeed, Mr. Osburn (in his Ancient Egypt , p. 125) seems to have identified some figures on the Egyptian monuments with the ancient Hittites, one of the very tribes here alluded to, and who are exhibited as wearing helmets or skull-caps of a peculiar form, so as to leave exposed this peculiar national badge. They appear to have had a hideous custom of shaving a square place just above the ear, leaving the hair on the side of the face and the whiskers, which hung down in a plaited lock.

3. כָּנָ , Kanaph , a Wing (as elsewhere often), is used in  Isaiah 11:12;  Ezekiel 7:7, to express "the four corners of the earth," or the whole land.

4. כָּתֵ , Katheph , a Shoulder or Side (as often elsewhere), occurs in  2 Kings 11:11, in speaking of the opposite parts of the Temple.

5. מַקַצוֹעִ , Miktso' Ä (literally Cut Off or Bent ), an angle, spoken of the external extremities of the tabernacle ( Exodus 26:24;  Exodus 36:29), and the internal ones of a court ( Ezekiel 41:22;  Ezekiel 46:21-22); also of a bend or "turning" of a wall, conventionally applied apparently to the intersection of the internal wall of Jerusalem skirting Mount Zion on the east, with the continuation of that on the northern brow towards the Temple ( 2 Chronicles 26:9;  Nehemiah 3:19-20;  Nehemiah 3:24-25). A kindred form occurs in the last clause of  Ezekiel 41:22, where some render four-Square .

6. פִּעִם , PA'AM (literally a step, usually a "time" or instance), spoken of the four corners of the sacred ark ( Exodus 25:12), and of the brazen laver ( 1 Kings 7:30).

7. צֵלָע , Tsela (literally a rib or side, as often elsewhere), spoken of either extremity of each side of the altar of incense ( Exodus 30:4;  Exodus 37:27).

8. קָצָה , Katsah , an end (as elsewhere usually), spoken of the four corners of the same ( Exodus 27:4).

9. זָוַית , Zavith , spoken of the "corners" of the altar ( Zechariah 9:15); fig. of the corner colunmns of a palace ( Psalms 144:12, "that our daughters may be as cornerstones"), finely sculptured, in allusion probably to the caryatides, or columns, representing female figures, so common in Egyptian architecture (the point of comparison lying in the slenderness and tallness combined with elegance, comp.  Song of Solomon 5:15;  Song of Solomon 7:8).

10. The Greek word Γωνία signifies properly an angle, either exterior, as when streets meet, forming a square or place of public resort ( Matthew 6:5), or interior, a dark recess, put for secrecy ( Acts 26:26). "The four corners of the earth" denote the whole land or world, as in No. 1 above ( Revelation 7:1; "quarters," 20:8). On "the head of the corner," (See Cornerstone) below.

11. The " Corners " of the great sheet in Peter's vision ( Acts 10:11;  Acts 11:5) represent a different word in the original, Ἀρχή , which has elsewhere usually the signification of "Beginning ."

"The פֵּאָה , Peah , or corner,' i.e. of the field, was not allowed ( Leviticus 19:9) to be wholly reaped. The law gave a right to the poor to carry off what was so left, and this was a part of the maintenance from the soil to which that class were entitled. Similarly the gleaning of fields and fruit-trees, and the taking of a sheaf accidentally left on the ground, were secured to the poor and the stranger by law (23:22;  Deuteronomy 24:19-21). (See Gleaning).

These seem to us, amid the sharply defined legal rights of which alone civilization is cognizant, loose and inadequate provisions for the relief of the poor. But custom and common law had probably ensured their observance ( Job 24:10) previously to the Mosaic enactment, and continued for a long but indefinite time to give practical force to the statute. Nor were the poor,' to whom appertained the right, the vague class of sufferers whom we understand by the term. On the principles of the Mosaic polity, every Hebrew family had a hold on a certain fixed estate, and could by no ordinary and casual calamity be wholly beggared. Hence its indigent members had the claims of kindred on the corners,' etc., of the field which their landed brethren reaped. Similarly the stranger' was a recognized dependent; within thy gates' being his expressive description, as sharing, though not by any tie of blood, the domestic claim. There was thus a further security for the maintenance of the right in its definite and ascertainable character. Neither do we discover in the earlier period of the Hebrew polity, closely detailed as its social features are, any general traces of agrarian distress and the unsafe condition of the country which results from it such, for instance, as is proved by the banditti of the Herodian period. David, a popular leader ( 1 Samuel 18:30;  1 Samuel 21:11), could only muster from four to six hundred men out of all Judah, though every one that was in distress, in debt, and every one that was discontented,' came to him ( 1 Samuel 22:2;  1 Samuel 25:13). Further, the position of the Levites, who had themselves a similar claim on the produce of the land, but no possession in its soil, would secure their influence as expounders, teachers, and, in part, administrators of the law, in favor of such a claim. In the later period of the prophets their constant complaints concerning the defrauding of the poor ( Isaiah 10:2;  Amos 5:11;  Amos 8:6) seem to show that such laws had lost their practical force. (These two passages, speaking of taking burdens of wheat from the poor,' and of selling the refuse [ מִפָּל ] of the wheat,' i.e. perhaps the gleanings, seem to point to some special evasion of the harvest laws.)

Still later, under the Scribes, minute legislation fixed one sixtieth as the portion of a field which was to be left for the legal corner,' but provided also (which seems hardly consistent) that two fields should not be so joined as to leave one corner only where two should fairly be reckoned. The proportion being thus fixed, all the grain might be reaped, and enough to satisfy the regulation subsequently separated from the whole crop. This corner' was, like the gleaning, tithe-free. Certain fruit-trees, e.g. nuts, pomegranates, vines, and olives, were deemed liable to the law of the corner. Maimonides, indeed, lays down the principle (Constitutiones de donis pauperam, cap. 2:1) that whatever crop or growth is fit for food, is kept, and gathered all at once, and carried into store, is liable to that law. A Gentile holding land in Palestine was not deemed liable to the obligation. As regards Jews, an evasion seems to have been sanctioned as follows: Whatever field was consecrated to the Temple and its services was held exempt from the claim of the poor; an owner might thus consecrate it while the crop was on it, and then redeem it, when in the sheaf, to his own use. Thus the poor would lose the right to the corner.' This reminds us of the Corban' ( Mark 7:11). For further information, (See Agriculture). The treatise Peak, in the Mishna, may likewise be consulted, especially chap. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6; II, 4:7; also the above-quoted treatise of Maimonides." (See Harvest).

The CORNER-GATE ( שִׁעִר הִּפַּנָּה ) of Jerusalem, spoken of in  2 Kings 14:13;  2 Chronicles 26:9;  Jeremiah 31:38, was on the N.W. side of the ancient city, in Josephus's "second wall," and between the present sites of Calvary and the Damascus Gate. (See Strong's Harmony And Exposition of the Gospels, Appendix 2, p. 17.) (See Jerusalem).

Corner-Stone ( אֶבֶן פַּנָּה ,  Job 38:6;  Isaiah 28:16; Sept. and N.T. Κεφαλὴ Γωνίας ), a quoin or block of great importance in binding together the sides of a building. (On  Psalms 144:12, see No. 9 above.) Some of the corner-stones in the ancient work of the temple foundations are 17 or 19 feet long, and 7.5 feet thick (Robinson, Researches, 1:422). Cornerstones are usually laid sideways and endways alternately, so that the end of one appears above or below the side-face of the next. At Nineveh the corners are sometimes formed of one angular stone (Layard, Nineveh, 2:201). The corresponding expression, "head of the corner" ( ראשׁ פַּנָּת ), in  Psalms 118:22, is by some understood to mean the coping or ridge, "coign of, vantage," i.e. topstone of a building; but as in any part a corner- stone must of necessity be of great importance, the phrase "corner-stone" is sometimes used to denote any principal person, as the princes of Egypt ( Isaiah 19:13), and is thus applied to our Lord, who, having been once rejected, was afterward set in the highest honor ( Matthew 21:42; see Grotius on Psalms 118; comp. Harmer, Obs . 2:356). The symbolical title of "chief corner-stone" ( Λίθος Ἀκρογωνιαῖος ) is also applied to Christ in  Ephesians 2:20, and  1 Peter 2:8;  1 Peter 2:16, which last passage is a quotation from  Isaiah 28:16, where the Sept. has the same words. The "cornerstone," or half-underlying buttress, properly makes no part of the foundation, from which it is distinguished in Jeremiah 2:56; though, as the edifice rests thereon, it may be so called. Sometimes it denotes those massive slabs which, being placed towards the bottom of any wall, serve to bind the work together, as in  Isaiah 28:16. Of these there were often two layers, without cement or mortar (Bloomfield, Recens. Synop. On  Ephesians 2:20). Christ is called a "corner-stone,"

(1.) In reference to his being the foundation of the Christian faith ( Ephesians 2:20);

(2.) In reference to the importance and conspicuousness of the place he occupies ( 1 Peter 2:6); and

(3.) Since men often stumble against a projecting corner-stone, Christ is therefore so called, because his gospel will be the cause of aggravated condemnation to those who reject it ( Matthew 21:44). (See Stumbling-Stone).

The prophet ( Zechariah 10:4), speaking of Judah, after the return from the exile, says, "out of him came [i.e. shall come] forth the Corner [i.e. Prince ], out of him the nail;" probably referring ultimately to the "corner- stone," the Messiah.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [10]

kôr´nẽr ( מקצוע , miḳcōa‛ , פאה , pē'āh , פנּה , pinnāh  ; ἀρχή , archḗ , γωνία , gōnı́a , ἀκρογωνιαῖος , akrogōniaı́os ): In  Exodus 26:24;  Ezekiel 41:22;  Ezekiel 46:21 ,  Ezekiel 46:22 , miḳcōa‛ , "angle" is translated "corner"; pē'āh , "side," "quarter" and pinnāh "corner," "front," "chief," are more frequently so translated, e.g.  Exodus 25:26;  Leviticus 19:9;  Jeremiah 9:26;  Jeremiah 25:23; and  Exodus 27:2;  1 Kings 7:34;  Psalm 118:22;  Isaiah 28:16 ("corner-stone");   Jeremiah 51:26 . Other words are kānāph , "wing" ( Isaiah 11:12;  Ezekiel 7:2 ); kāthēph , "shoulder" ( 2 Kings 11:11 the King James Version, twice); pa‛am , "foot" ( Exodus 25:12 the King James Version); zāwı̄yōth , "corner-stones" ( Psalm 144:12;  Zechariah 9:15 , translated "corners").

For "corner" the Revised Version (British and American) has "side" ( Exodus 36:25 ), "corner-stone" ( Zechariah 10:4 ), also for "stay" ( Isaiah 19:13 ); instead of "teacher removed into a corner" ( Isaiah 30:20 ), "be hidden," "hide themselves"; for "corners" we have "feet" ( Exodus 25:12;  1 Kings 7:30 ); "ribs" ( Exodus 30:4;  Exodus 37:27 ); for "divide into corners" ( Nehemiah 9:22 ), "allot after their portions"; for "into corners" ( Deuteronomy 32:26 ), "afar"; the words to Israel ( Isaiah 41:9 ) "called thee from the chief men 'ăcı̄lı̄m thereof" are rendered by the Revised Version (British and American) "called thee from the corners thereof" (of the earth).

In the New Testament we have gōnia ("angle," "corner"), "in the corners of the streets" ( Matthew 6:5 ), "the head of the corner" ( Matthew 21:42 ), "the four corners of the earth" ( Revelation 7:1;  Revelation 20:8 ); archē ("a beginning") ( Acts 10:11;  Acts 11:5 ); "chief corner stone" ( Ephesians 2:20;  1 Peter 2:6 ), is a translation of akrogōniaios ("at the extreme angle").