From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): (n.) The quantity contained in a basin.

(2): (n.) An isolated or circumscribed formation, particularly where the strata dip inward, on all sides, toward a center; - especially applied to the coal formations, called coal basins or coal fields.

(3): (n.) A hollow vessel, of various forms and materials, used in the arts or manufactures, as that used by glass grinders for forming concave glasses, by hatters for molding a hat into shape, etc.

(4): (n.) A hollow place containing water, as a pond, a dock for ships, a little bay.

(5): (n.) A hollow vessel or dish, to hold water for washing, and for various other uses.

(6): (n.) The entire tract of country drained by a river, or sloping towards a sea or lake.

(7): (n.) A circular or oval valley, or depression of the surface of the ground, the lowest part of which is generally occupied by a lake, or traversed by a river.

Easton's Bible Dictionary [2]

  • A utensil (Heb. saph) for holding the blood of the victims ( Exodus 12:22 ); also a basin for domestic purposes ( 2 Samuel 17:28 ).

    The various vessels spoken of by the names "basin, bowl, charger, cup, and dish," cannot now be accurately distinguished.

    The basin in which our Lord washed the disciples' feet ( John 13:5 ) must have been larger and deeper than the hand-basin.

    Copyright Statement These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., DD Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

    Bibliography Information Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Basin'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. 1897.

  • Holman Bible Dictionary [3]

     John 13:5 Exodus 27:3 Numbers 7:13 2 Chronicles 4:8 Zechariah 9:15 John 13:5OfferingsLaver

    C. Dale Hill

    Smith's Bible Dictionary [4]

    Basin. Among the smaller vessels, for the Tabernacle or Temple service, many must have been required to receive, from the sacrificial victims, the blood to be sprinkled for purification.

    The "basin" from which our Lord washed the disciples' feet was probably deeper and larger, than the hand-basin for sprinkling.

    Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [5]

    (in the old editions "bason"). The following words in the original are thus rendered in the English version of the Bible. (See Cup); (See Bowl); (See Dish), etc.

    1. אִגָּן , Aggan', prop. a trough for washing, a Laver ( Exodus 24:6); rendered goblet" in  Song of Solomon 7:2,. where its shape is compared to the human navel; "cup" in  Isaiah 22:24. In the New Test. ( John 13:5), Νιπτήρ , a Ewer (q.v.).

    2. כְּפוֹר , Kephor', from the etymology, a Covered dish or urn, spoken of the golden and silver vessels of the sanctuary ( 1 Chronicles 28:17;  Ezra 1:10;  Ezra 8:27).

    3. מַזְרָק , Mizrak', a vase from which to Sprinkle any thing; usually of the sacrificial Bowls (and so occasionally translated); twice of wine-goblets ("bowl,"  Amos 6:6;  Zechariah 9:15). It seems to denote a metallic vessel. The basins for the service of the tabernacle were of brass ( Exodus 27:3), but those of the Temple were of gold ( 2 Chronicles 4:8).

    4. The term of the most general signification is סִ , Saph (of uncertain etymology; the Sept. renders variously), spoken of the utensils for holding the blood of victims ("bason,"  Exodus 12:22;  Jeremiah 52:19; "bowl,"  2 Kings 12:13), and the oil for the sacred candlestick ("bowl,"  1 Kings 7:50); also of "basons" for domestic purposes ( 2 Samuel 17:28), and specially a drinking-" cup" ( Zechariah 12:2). The Targum of Jonathan renders it by ספל , an Earthenware Vase, but in some of the above passages it could not have been of this material.

    (a.) Between the various vessels bearing in the Auth. Vers. the names of basin, bowl, charger, cup, and dish, it is scarcely possible now to ascertain the precise distinction, as very few, if any, remains are known up to the present time, to exist of Jewish earthen or metal ware, and as the same words are variously rendered in different places. We can only conjecture their form and material from the analogy of ancient Egyptian or Assyrian specimens of works of the same kind, and from modern Oriental vessels for culinary or domestic purposes. Among the smaller vessels for the tabernacle or temple service, many must have been required to receive from the sacrificial victims the blood to be sprinkled for purification. Moses, on the occasion of the great ceremony of purification in the wilderness, put half the blood in "the basins, הָאִגָּנֹת , or bowls, and afterward sprinkled it on the people ( Exodus 24:6;  Exodus 24:8;  Exodus 39:21;  Leviticus 1:5;  Leviticus 2:15;  Leviticus 3:2;  Leviticus 8:13;  Leviticus 4:5;  Leviticus 4:34;  Leviticus 8:23-24;  Leviticus 14:14;  Leviticus 14:25;  Leviticus 16:15;  Leviticus 16:19;  Hebrews 9:19). Among the vessels cast in metal, whether gold, silver, or brass, by Hiram for Solomon, besides the laver and great sea, mention is made of basins, bowls, and cups. Of the first ( מַזְרְקַים , marg. Bowls ) he is said to have made 100 ( 2 Chronicles 4:8;  1 Kings 7:45-46; comp.  Exodus 25:29, and  1 Chronicles 28:14;  1 Chronicles 28:17). Josephus, probably with great exaggeration, reckons of Φιάλαι and Σπονδεῖα 20,000 in gold and 40,000 in silver, besides an equal number in each metal of Κρατῆρες , for the offerings of flour mixed with oil (Ant. 8:3, 7 and 8; comp. Birch, Hist. of Pottery, 1:152).

    (b.) The "basin" from which our Lord washed the disciples' feet, Νιπτήρ , was probably deeper and larger than the hand-basin for sprinkling, סַיר ( Jeremiah 52:18), which, in the Auth. Vers. "caldrons," Vulg. Lebetes, is by the Syr. rendered basins for washing the feet ( John 13:5). (See Washing (Of Feet And Hands).)