From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

A — 1: Βάλλω (Strong'S #906 — Verb — ballo — bal'-lo )

"to throw, hurl, in contrast to striking," is frequent in the four Gospels and Revelation; elsewhere it is used only in Acts. In  Matthew 5:30 some mss. have this verb (AV, "should be cast"); the most authentic have aperchomai, "to go away," RV, "go." See Arise , Beat , Dung , Lay , Pour , Put , Send , Strike , Throw , Thrust.

A — 2: Ῥίπτω (Strong'S #4496 — Verb — rhipto — hrip'-to )

denotes "to throw with a sudden motion, to jerk, cast forth;" "cast down,"  Matthew 15:30;  27:5; "thrown down,"  Luke 4:35; "thrown,"  Luke 17:2 (AV, "cast"); rhipteo in   Acts 22:23 (AV, "cast off"), of the "casting" off of clothes (in the next sentence ballo, No. 1, is used of "casting" dust into the air); in   Acts 27:19 "cast out," of the tackling of a ship; in   Acts 27:29 "let go" (AV, "cast"), of anchors; in   Matthew 9:36 , "scattered," said of sheep. See Throw , Scatter.

A — 3: Ἐκπίπτω (Strong'S #1601 — Verb — ekpipto — ek-pip'-to )

lit., "to fall out," is translated "be cast ashore," in  Acts 27:29 , RV, AV, "have fallen upon." See Effect , Fail , Fall , Nought.

A — 4: Ἀποβάλλω (Strong'S #577 — Verb — apoballo — ap-ob-al'-lo )

"to throw off from, to lay aside, to cast away,"  Mark 10:50;  Hebrews 10:35 .

 Romans 11:15 Acts 27:22

A — 5: Ἐκβάλλω (Strong'S #1544 — Verb — ekballo — ek-bal'-lo )

"to cast out of, from, forth," is very frequent in the Gospels and Acts; elsewhere, in  Galatians 4:30;  3—John 1:10; in  James 2:25 , "sent out;" in  Revelation 11:2 , "leave out" (marg., "cast without"). See Bring , No. 28, Drive, Expel, Leave, Pluck, Pull, Put, Send, Take, Thrust

A — 6: Ἐμβάλλω (Strong'S #1685 — Verb — emballo — em-bal'-lo )

"to cast into," is used in  Luke 12:5 .

A — 7: Ἐπιβάλλω (Strong'S #1911 — Verb — epiballo — ep-ee-bal'-lo )

"to cast on, or upon," is used in this sense in  Mark 11:7;  1—Corinthians 7:35 . See BEAT (No. 5), FALL, No. 11, Lay, Put No. 8, Stretch

A — 8: Καταβάλλω (Strong'S #2598 — Verb — kataballo — kat-ab-al'-lo )

signifies "to cast down,"  2—Corinthians 4:9 , AV, "cast down," RV, "smitten down;"  Hebrews 6:1 , "laying." See Lay. Some mss. have this verb in   Revelation 12:10 (for ballo).

A — 9: Βάλλω (Strong'S #906 — Verb — amphiballo — bal'-lo )

to cast around, occurs  Mark 1:16 .

A — 10: Περιβάλλω (Strong'S #4016 — Verb — periballo — per-ee-bal'-lo )

"to cast about, or around," is used in 23 of its 24 occurrences, of putting on garments, clothing, etc.; it is translated "cast about" in  Mark 14:51;  Acts 12:8; in  Luke 19:43 , used of "casting" up a bank or palisade against a city (see RV and marg.), AV, "shall cast a trench about thee." See Clothe , No. 6, PUT.

A — 11: Ἀπορίπτω (Strong'S #641 — Verb — aporipto — ap-or-hrip'-to )

"to cast off,"  Acts 27:43 , of shipwrecked people in throwing themselves into the water.

A — 12: Ἐπιρίπτω (Strong'S #1977 — Verb — epiripto — ep-ir-hrip'-to )

"to cast upon," (a) lit., "of casting garments on a colt,"  Luke 19:35; (b) figuratively, "of casting care upon God,"  1—Peter 5:7 .

A — 13: Ἀπωθέω (Strong'S #683 — Verb — apotheo — ap-o-theh'-om-ahee, ap-o'-thom-ahee )

"to thrust away" (apo, "away," otheo, "to thrust"), in the NT used in the Middle Voice, signifying "to thrust from oneself, to cast off, by way of rejection,"  Acts 7:27,39;  13:46;  Romans 11:1,2;  1—Timothy 1:19 . See PUT and Thrust

A — 14: Καθαιρέω (Strong'S #2507 — Verb — kathaireo — kath-ahee-reh'-o )

kata, "down," haireo, "to take, to cast down, demolish," in  2—Corinthians 10:5 , of strongholds and imaginations. See Destroy , Pull , Put , Take.

 2—Corinthians 10:4  2—Corinthians 13:10

A — 15: Διαλογίζομαι (Strong'S #1260 — Verb — dialogizomai — dee-al-og-id'-zom-ahee )

"to reason" (dia, "through," logizomai, "to reason"), is translated "cast in (her) mind,"  Luke 1:29 . See Dispute , Musing , Reason , Think.

A — 16: Ἀποτίθημι (Strong'S #659 — Verb — apotithemi — ap-ot-eeth'-ay-mee )

"to put off, lay aside," denotes, in the Middle Voice, "to put off from oneself, cast off," used figuratively of works of darkness,  Romans 13:12 , "let us cast off," (aorist tense, denoting a definite act). See Lay , No. 8, PUT, No. 5.

A — 17: Διαλογίζομαι (Strong'S #1260 — Verb — ektithemi — dee-al-og-id'-zom-ahee )

"to expose, cast out" (ek, "out," tithemi, "to put"), is said of a new-born child in  Acts 7:21 . In  Acts 7:19 "cast out" translates the phrase poieo, "to make," with ekthetos, "exposed," a verbal form of ektithemi. See Expound.

A — 18: Περιαιρέω (Strong'S #4014 — Verb — periaireo — per-ee-ahee-reh'-o )

"to take away," is used in  Acts 27:40 , as a nautical term, RV, "casting off," AV, "taken up." See Take.

 Luke 9:25Forfeit.  Luke 4:29Throw.  Matthew 27:44Reproach.  Matthew 4:12Deliver.  1—Timothy 5:12Reject.  Acts 27:30  2—Corinthians 7:6Lowly.

B — 1: Βολή (Strong'S #1000 — Noun Feminine — bole — bol-ay' )

denotes "a throw" (akin to ballo, "to throw"), and is used in  Luke 22:21 in the phrase "a stone's cast," of the distance from which the Lord was parted from the disciples in the garden of Gethsemane.

 James 1:17

C — 1: Ἀδόκιμος (Strong'S #96 — Adjective — adokimos — ad-ok'-ee-mos )

signifies not standing the test, rejected, (a), negative, and dokimos, "tested, approved;" it is said of things, e.g., the land,  Hebrews 6:8 , "rejected," and of persons,  Romans 1:28 , "reprobate;"  1—Corinthians 9:27 , AV, "castaway," RV "rejected" (i.e., disapproved, and so rejected from present testimony, with loss of future reward);  2—Corinthians 13:5-7 , "reprobate" (sing. in RV in each verse), i.e., that will not stand the test;  2—Timothy 3:8 , "reprobate (concerning the faith),"  Titus 1:16 , "reprobate." See Reject , Reprobate.

King James Dictionary [2]

CAST, pret. And pp. cast.

1. To throw, fling or send that is, to drive from, by force, as from the hand, or from an engine.

Hagar cast the child under a shrub.  Genesis 21 .

Uzziah prepared slings to cast stones.  2 Chronicles 26 .

2. To sow to scatter seed.

If a man should cast seen into the ground.  Mark 4 .

3. To drive or impel by violence.

A mighty west wind cast the locusts into the sea.  Exodus 10 .

4. To shed or throw off as, trees cast their fruit a serpent casts his skin. 5. To throw or let fall as, to cast anchor. Hence, to east anchor is to moor, as a ship, the effect of casting the anchor. 6. To throw, as dice or lots as, to cast lots. 7. To throw on the ground, as in wrestling. 8. To throw away, as worthless.

His carcase was cast in the way.  1 Kings 13 .

9. To emit or throw out.

This casts a sulphurous smell.

10. To throw, to extend, as a trench or rampart, including the sense of digging, raising, or forming.

Thy enemies shall cast a trench about thee.  Luke 19 .

11. To thrust as, to cast into prison. 12. To put, or set, in a particular state.

Both chariot and horse were cast into a dead sleep.  Psalms 76 .

13. To condemn to convict as a criminal.

Both tried and both were cast.

14. To overcome in a suit, or in any contest of strength or skill as, to cast the defendant or an antagonist. 15. To cashier or discard. 16. To lay aside, as unfit for use to reject as a garment. 17. To make to preponderate to throw into one scale, for the purpose of giving it superior weight to decide by a vote that gives a superiority in numbers as, to cast the balance in ones favor a casting vote or voice. 18. To throw together several particulars, to find the sum as, to cast accounts. Hence, to throw together circumstances and facts, to find the result to compute to reckon to calculate as, to cast the event of war.

To cast and see how many things there are which a man cannot do himself.

19. To contrive to plan. 20. To judge, or to consider, in order to judge. 21. To fix, or distribute the parts of a play among the actors. 22. To throw, as the sight to direct, or turn, as the eye to glance as, to cast a look, or glance, or the eye. 23. To found to form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal into a mold to run as, to cast cannon.

Thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it.  Exodus 25 .

24. Figuratively, to shape to form by a model. 25. To communicate to spread over as, to cast a luster upon posterity to cast splendor upon actions, or light upon a subject.

To cast aside, to dismiss or reject as useless or inconvenient.

To cast away, to reject.  Leviticus 26 .  Isaiah 5 .  Romans 11 . Also, to throw away to lavish or waste by profusion to turn to no use as, to cast away life.

Also, to wreck, as a ship.

To cast by, to reject to dismiss or discard with neglect or hate, or as useless.

To cast down, to throw down to deject or depress the mind.

Why art thou cast down, O my soul.  Psalms 42 .

To cast forth, to throw out, or eject, as from an inclosed place to emit, or send abroad to exhale.

To cast off, to discard or reject to drive away to put off to put away to disburden. Among huntsmen, to leave behind, as dogs to set loose, or free. Among seamen, to loose, or untie.

To cast out, to send forth to reject or turn out to throw out, as words to speak or give vent to.

To cast up, to compute to reckon to calculate as, to cast up accounts, or the cost. Also, to eject to vomit.

To cast on, to refer or resign to.

To cast ones self on, to resign or yield ones self to the disposal of, without reserve.

To cast young, to miscarry to suffer abortion.  Genesis 32 .

To cast in the teeth, to upbraid to charge to twit. So in Danish, kaster in I noesen, to cast in the nose.


1. To throw forward, as the thoughts, with a view to some determination or to turn or revolve in the mind to contrive sometimes followed by about.

I cast in careful mind to seek her out. Spenser.

To cast about how to perform or obtain. Bacon.

2. To receive form or shape.

Metal will cast and mold.

3. To warp to twist from regular shape.

Stuff is said to cast or warp, when it alters its flatness or straightness.

Note. Cast, like throw and warp, implies a winding motion.

4. In seamens language, to fall off, or incline, so as to bring the side of a ship to the wind applied particularly to a ship riding with her head to the wind, when her anchor is first loosened.

CAST, n.

1. The act of casting a throw the thing thrown the form or state of throwing kind or manner of throwing. 2. The distance passed by a thing thrown or the space through which a thing thrown may ordinarily pass as, about a stones cast.  Luke 22 . 3. A stroke a touch.

This was a cast of Woods politics.

4. Motion or turn of the eye direction, look or glance a squinting.

Thy let you see by one cast of the eye.

5. A throw of dice hence, a state of chance or hazard.

It is an even cast, whether the army should march this way or that way.

Hence the phrase, the last cast, is used to denote that all is ventured on one throw, or one effort.

6. Form shape.

A heroic poem in another cast.

7. A tinge a slight coloring, or slight degree of a color as a cast of green. Hence, a slight alteration in external appearance.

The native hue of resolution is sicklied oer with the pale cast of thought. Shak.

8. Manner air mien as, a peculiar cast of countenance. This sense implies, the turn or manner of throwing as, the neat cast f verse. 9. A flight a number of hawks let go at once. 10. A small statue of bronze. 11. Among founders, a tube of wax, fitted into a mold, to give shape to metal. 12. A cylindrical piece of brass or copper, slit in two lengthwise, to form a canal or conduit, in a mold, for conveying metal. 13. Among plumbers, a little brazen funnel, at one end of a mold, for casting pipes without sodering, by means of which the melted metal is poured into the mold. 14. A breed, race, lineage, kind, sort. 15. In Hindoostan, a tribe or class of the same rank or profession as the cast of Bramins, or priests of rajahs, or princes of choutres, or artificers and of parias, or poor people. Or according to some writers, of Bramins of cuttery, or soldiers of shuddery, or merchants and of wyse, or mechanics.

The four casts of the Hindoos are the Brahmins or sacred order the Chechteres or soldiers and rulers the Bice, Vaissya, or husbandmen and merchants and the Sooders, Sudras, or laborers and mechanics.

16. A trick.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): (v. i.) To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.

(2): (n.) A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.

(3): (n.) Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.

(4): (n.) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand.

(5): (n.) A stoke, touch, or trick.

(6): (n.) A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift.

(7): (n.) An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.

(8): (n.) The thing thrown.

(9): (imp. & p. p.) of Cast

(10): (n.) The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown.

(11): (v. t.) To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel.

(12): (v. t.) To direct or turn, as the eyes.

(13): (v. t.) To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.

(14): (v. t.) To throw down, as in wrestling.

(15): (v. t.) To throw up, as a mound, or rampart.

(16): (v. t.) To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose.

(17): (v. t.) To bring forth prematurely; to slink.

(18): (v. t.) To throw out or emit; to exhale.

(19): (n.) That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.

(20): (v. t.) To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.

(21): (v. t.) To impose; to bestow; to rest.

(22): (v. t.) To dismiss; to discard; to cashier.

(23): (v. t.) To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope.

(24): (v. t.) To contrive; to plan.

(25): (v. t.) To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages.

(26): (v. t.) To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice.

(27): (v. t.) To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.

(28): (v. t.) To stereotype or electrotype.

(29): (v. t.) To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part.

(30): (n.) That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.

(31): (v. i.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh.

(32): (v. i.) To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons.

(33): (v. i.) To calculate; to compute.

(34): (v. i.) To receive form or shape in a mold.

(35): (v. i.) To warp; to become twisted out of shape.

(36): (v. i.) To vomit.

(37): 3d pres. of Cast, for Casteth.

(38): (n.) The act of casting or throwing; a throw.

(39): (n.) Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance.

(40): (n.) A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade.

(41): (n.) A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture.

(42): (n.) Contrivance; plot, design.

(43): (n.) The act of casting in a mold.

(44): (n.) The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.

(45): (n.) A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [4]

 Job 18:8 (b) Here is a description of the sudden calamity that comes upon one who is engaged in wicked practices.

 Psalm 22:10 (b) This describes the dependence of Jesus upon His Father.

 1 Peter 5:7 (b) By this we are told to throw all our problems, difficulties and griefs at the feet of the Saviour. Someone has said, "Take your burden baggage to GOD's depot, and check it."

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [5]

In general "to throw," with various degrees of violence; usually, with force, but not so necessarily, as e.g. in "cast a net," "cast lots." When applied to molten metal, as in English, first, "to let run. into molds," with reference to their descent by gravity, and, then, "to form," as in  Exodus 25:12 , etc. Usually in the New Testament for βάλλω , bállō , but not always. Thus, in  Luke 1:29 "cast in her mind" means "considered" ( διελογίζετο , dielogı́zeto ); "cast reproach" for Greek ὠνείδιζον , ōneı́dizon , "reproached" ( Matthew 27:44 ); "casting down" for καθαιρέω , kathairéō , "demolishing" ( 2 Corinthians 10:4 ); "casting all anxiety upon" ( 1 Peter 5:7 ), a still stronger term, as in  Luke 17:2 the King James Version;   Acts 27:19 . As a fundamental Greek word, it is compounded with many prepositions, "about," "away," "down," "forth," "in," "into," "off," "out," "up," "upon." "Cast down" in  2 Corinthians 4:9 the King James Version is used in a military sense of one prostrated, but not killed in battle. Compare   Psalm 42:5 with the Revised Version, margin. "Castaway" of the King James Version in   1 Corinthians 9:27 , is in the Revised Version (British and American) "rejected" (compare  Hebrews 6:8 ), ἀδόκιμος , adókimos , i.e. what the application of a test shows to be counterfeit, or unfit; translated "reprobate" in  Romans 1:28;  2 Corinthians 13:5 ,  2 Corinthians 13:6 ,  2 Corinthians 13:7 , etc.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [6]

(the representative of many Hebrews words, and usually of the Greek Βάλλω ) occurs in many applications as a synonyme of Throw. The following seem to deserve special notice.

1. Amaziah, king of Judah, caused the punishment of " Casting Down from the top of a rock" to be inflicted on ten thousand Edomites whom he had taken in war ( 2 Chronicles 25:12); and the Greeks and Romans were in the habit of condemning certain criminals to be cast down from the top of a rock, especially the latter nation, whence the famous "Tarpeian Rock" at Rome. (See Punishment).

2. The phrase to "Cast Up a bank" is one frequently employed in Scripture for the preliminary act in beseigers of raising a rampart of blockade around a hose the city. (See Siege).

3. For the practice of "Casting metal," (See Metallurgy).

4. On the act of " Casting Out of the synagogue," (See Excommunication).

5. "Castaway" ( Ἀδόκιμος , Not Accepted, reprobate) occurs  1 Corinthians 9:27, as a term equivalent to apostate. (See Apostasy).