From BiblePortal Wikipedia

King James Dictionary [1]


1. Being on the feet being erect. See Stand. 2. Moving in a certain direction to or from an object. 3. a. Settled established, either by law or by custom, &c. continually existing permanent not temporary as a standing army. Money is the standing measure of the value of all other commodities. Legislative bodies have certain standing rules of proceeding. Courts of law are or ought to be governed by standing rules. There are standing rules of pleading. The gospel furnishes us with standing rules of morality. The Jews by their dispersion and their present condition, are a standing evidence of the truth of revelation and of the prediction of Moses. Many fashionable vices and follies ought to be the standing objects of ridicule. 4. Lasting not transitory not liable to fade or vanish as a standing color. 5. Stagnant not flowing as standing water. 6. Fixed not movable as a standing bed distinguished from a truckle bed. 7. Remaining erect not cut down as standing corn.

Standing rigging, of a ship. This consists of the cordage or ropes which sustain the masts and remain fixed in their position. Such are the shrouds and stays.


1. Continuance duration or existence as a custom of long standing. 2. Possession of an office, character or place as a patron or officer of long standing. 3. Station place to stand in.

I will provide you with a good standing to see his entry.

4. Power to stand.

I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing.  Psalms 69 .

5. Rank condition in society as a man of good standing or of high standing among his friends.

Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): ( n.) Place to stand in; station; stand.

(2): ( n.) The act of stopping, or coming to a stand; the state of being erect upon the feet; stand.

(3): ( p. pr. & vb. n.) of Stand

(4): ( a.) Established by law, custom, or the like; settled; continually existing; permanent; not temporary; as, a standing army; legislative bodies have standing rules of proceeding and standing committees.

(5): ( n.) Maintenance of position; duration; duration or existence in the same place or condition; continuance; as, a custom of long standing; an officer of long standing.

(6): ( n.) Condition in society; relative position; reputation; rank; as, a man of good standing, or of high standing.

(7): ( a.) Not movable; fixed; as, a standing bed (distinguished from a trundle-bed).

(8): ( a.) Not flowing; stagnant; as, standing water.

(9): ( a.) Remaining erect; not cut down; as, standing corn.

(10): ( a.) Not transitory; not liable to fade or vanish; lasting; as, a standing color.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [3]

as a posture of worship, was the general observance of the whole Church on the Lord's day, and the fifty days between Easter and Pentecost, in memory of our Savior's resurrection. Justin Martyr (Quoest. et Respons. ad Orthodox. qu. 115) says, "Forasmuch as we ought to remember both our fall by sin, and the grace of Christ, by which we rise again from our fall, therefore we pray kneeling six days, as a symbol of our fall by sin; but our not kneeling on the Lord's day is a symbol of the resurrection, whereby through the grace of Christ we are delivered from our sins, and from death, which is mortified thereby." Psalmody, being esteemed a considerable part of devotion, was usually, if not always, performed standing. An exception was made in the monasteries of Egypt, the monks, by reason of fasting, being unable to stand all the time while twelve psalms were read. Each one stood while reading, and at the last psalm they all stood up and repeated it alternately, adding the Gloria Patri at the end. At the reading of the Gospel it was ordered by pope Anastasius that all the people should stand up; and some of the Middle-age ritualists take notice of their saying, "Glory be to thee, O Lord," at the naming of it. Formerly those who had staves laid them down as a sign of submission to the Gospel; and the military orders, after the example of the Polish king Miecislas (968), drew their swords. It was usual for the people also to listen to the preaching in this posture, although this was not universal. The eucharist was generally received standing, sometimes kneeling, but never sitting. See Bingham, Christ. Antiq. (see Index). (See Attitude).