From BiblePortal Wikipedia

King James Dictionary [1]

RU'IN, n. L. ruo, to fall, to rush down.

1. Destruction fall overthrow defeat that change of any thing which destroys it, or entirely defeats its object, or unfits it for use as the ruin of a house the ruin of a ship or an army the ruin of a constitution of government the ruin of health the ruin of commerce the ruin of public or private happiness the ruin of a project. 2. Mischief bane that which destroys.

The errors of young men are the ruin of business.

3. Ruin, more generally ruins, the remains of a decayed or demolished city, house, fortress, or any work of art or other thing as the ruins of Balbec, Palmyra or Persepolis the ruins of a wall a castle in ruins.

The labor of a day will not build up a virtuous habit on the ruins of an old and vicious character.

4. The decayed or enfeebled remains of a natural object as, the venerable old man presents a great mind in ruins. 5. The cause of destruction.

They were the ruin of him and of all Israel.  2 Chronicles 28 .


1. To demolish to pull down, burn, or otherwise destroy as, to ruin a city or an edifice. 2. To subvert to destroy as, to ruin a state or government. 3. To destroy to bring to an end as, to ruin commerce or manufactures. 4. To destroy in any manner as, to ruin health or happiness to ruin reputation. 5. To counteract to defeat as, to ruin a plan or project. 6. To deprive of felicity or fortune.

By thee rais'd I ruin all my foes.

Grace with a nod, and ruin with a frown.

7. To impoverish as, to be ruined by speculation.

The eyes of other people are the eyes that ruin us.

8. To bring to everlasting misery as, to ruin the soul.


1. To fall into ruins. 2. To run to ruin to fall into decay or be dilapidated.

Though he his house of polish'd marble build, yet shall it ruin like the moth's frail cell.

3. To be reduced to be brought to poverty or misery.

If we are idle, and disturb the industrious in their business, we shall ruin the faster.

Note. This intransitive use of the verb is now unusual.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [2]

1: Ῥῆγμα (Strong'S #4485 — Noun Neuter — rhegma — hrayg'-mah )

akin to rhegnumi, "to break," denotes "a cleavage, fracture" (so in the Sept., e.g.,  1—Kings 11:30,31 ); by metonymy, that which is broken, "a ruin,"  Luke 6:49 .

2: Καταστρέφω (Strong'S #2690 — Verb — katestrammena — kat-as-tref'-o )

the neuter plural, perfect participle, Passive, of katastrepho, "to overturn," is translated "ruins" in  Acts 15:16; cp. DIG, No. 3. See Overthrow.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( n.) That which promotes injury, decay, or destruction.

(2): ( n.) The act of falling or tumbling down; fall.

(3): ( n.) Such a change of anything as destroys it, or entirely defeats its object, or unfits it for use; destruction; overthrow; as, the ruin of a ship or an army; the ruin of a constitution or a government; the ruin of health or hopes.

(4): ( n.) That which is fallen down and become worthless from injury or decay; as, his mind is a ruin; especially, in the plural, the remains of a destroyed, dilapidated, or desolate house, fortress, city, or the like.

(5): ( n.) The state of being dcayed, or of having become ruined or worthless; as, to be in ruins; to go to ruin.

(6): ( n.) To bring to ruin; to cause to fall to pieces and decay; to make to perish; to bring to destruction; to bring to poverty or bankruptcy; to impair seriously; to damage essentially; to overthrow.

(7): ( v. i.) To fall to ruins; to go to ruin; to become decayed or dilapidated; to perish.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [4]

rōō´in ( הריסה , hărı̄ṣāh , etc.; ῥῆγμα , rhḗgma ): "Ruin," the translation of hărı̄ṣāh (  Amos 9:11; compare  Acts 15:16 , where the Revised Version (British and American) Greek text, katestramména ), and of a number of other Hebrew words: in  Luke 6:49 rhēgma , "breakage," is used both in a literal sense ( Isaiah 23:13;  Isaiah 25:2 , of fallen buildings;  Ezekiel 27:27;  Ezekiel 31:13 , of a state or people;  Luke 6:49 , of a house, etc.) and with a moral significance ( Proverbs 26:28 ). the Revised Version margin correctly renders mikhshōl in  Ezekiel 18:30 "stumblingblock" (the King James Version "ruin"), and the Revised Version (British and American) in   Ezekiel 21:15 "stumblings" (the King James Version "ruins"). The Revised Version (British and American) has "ruins" for the King James Version "desolations" in   Ezra 9:9 , margin "waste places";  Psalm 74:3; "in their ruins" for "with their mattocks" ( 2 Chronicles 34:6 , margin " 'with their axes.' The Hebrew is obscure"); "midst of the ruin" for "desolation" ( Job 30:14 ); "their ruin" for "their wickedness" ( Proverbs 21:12 ). "Ruinous" is the translation of mappālāh ( Isaiah 17:1 ) and of nācāh ( 2 Kings 19:25;  Isaiah 37:26 ).