From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [1]

 Genesis 22:13 (c) This animal is a type of the Lord Jesus who is available for the sinner as his substitute in a time of need. Isaac was on the altar ready to die, as we too are lost, sinful and on the way to the second death. The animal was found as a substitute taking the place of the boy, and dying in his stead. So the Saviour takes our place, and we go free.

 Exodus 25:5 (c) This is a symbol of the blessed protection from GOD's wrath, which is offered by the death of our Lord and the shedding of His precious Blood. The skins had to come from animals that had died. (See also  Exodus 26:14;  Exodus 35:7;  Exodus 36:19).

 Exodus 29:22(c) This ram represents the Lord Jesus Christ as an offering of consecration for us. His life was so perfect that GOD could accept it, and does accept it, in the place of ours. We give ourselves over to the Lord because we are in Christ and therefore are acceptable to GOD.

 Leviticus 8:21 (c) The burnt offering is a picture of the whole person being offered to GOD in complete devotion to Him. He is given the body, the mind, the heart, the affections, the talents, and the gifts in complete abandonment to His will. (See  Leviticus 9:2).

 Leviticus 9:4 (c) This animal represents the Lord JESUS as our peace offering. He made peace by the Blood of His cross. He brought peace to us. He is our peace. (See  Ephesians 2:14).

 Leviticus 19:21 (c) In this trespass offering we find another picture of the Lord JESUS as the One who gave Himself not only "for us" as a burnt offering, but also "for us" as an offering for our trespasses and transgressions. He died for what we are, that is out character, and He died for what we do, and that is our conduct. As the sin offering is described in  Exodus 29:15, wherein the Saviour gave Himself for our own wicked selves, so He gave Himself also for our deeds and doings.

 Numbers 5:8 (c) This animal paid the debt that was due from the sinner. By the death of the animal, the obligation against the sinner was met, and the sinner could go free. (See also  Ezra 10:19). This is a picture of CHRIST offered for us.

 1 Samuel 15:22 (c) This picture is to remind us that no amount of outward show will suffice to cover up the truth that is in the inward parts. GOD would rather have obedience and the love of the soul for Him than gifts and sacrifices from a heart that did not care.

 Daniel 8:3 (a) The animal in this case represents the Medio-Persian empire. The two rams represent the power of the two kingdoms. The power of Darius, of the Median Empire, was greater than the power of the Persian empire. Therefore, the greater ram represents Darius.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words [2]

'Ayil ( אַיִל , Strong'S #352), “ram.” This word, which has cognates in Ugaritic, Egyptian, and Coptic, occurs in biblical Hebrew about 164 times and in all periods.

'Ayil represents a male sheep or “ram.” The word first appears in Gen. 15:9, where God told Abram: “Take me a heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.” These animals were often used in sacrificing (cf. Gen. 22:13). They were eaten (Gen. 31:38), and the wool used to make clothing (cf. 2 Kings 3:4). Consequently, as highly valuable animals, such “rams” were selected by Jacob to be part of a peace present sent to Esau (Gen. 32:14).

Many passages use 'ayil as a figure of despots or mighty men: “Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them …” (Exod. 15:15). The king of Babylon deported Judah’s kings, princes, and the “mighty of the land” (Ezek. 17:13). In the first instance the word represents chiefs in the sense of head political figures, whereas in the second use it appears to signify lesser figures. An even more powerful figure is in view in Ezek. 31:11, where 'ayil represents a central, powerful, earthly figure who will ruthlessly destroy Assyria: “I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen; he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out for his wickedness.”

Yôbêl ( יֹבֵל , Strong'S #3104), “ram; ram’s horn; jubilee year.” Cognates of this word appear in late Aramaic, Phoenician, and Arabic. The 27 biblical appearances of the noun all occur before the Book of Judges. First, this word means “ram’s horn”: “When the ram’s horn [v, “trumpet”] sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain” (Exod. 19:13—the first occurrence). In Josh. 6:5 the word is preceded by the Hebrew word for “horn,” which is modified by yôbêl , “horn of a ram.”

Second, this word signifies “jubilee year.” The law concerning this institution is recorded in Lev. 25:8-15; 27:16-25. In the fiftieth year on the Day of Atonement jubilee was to be declared. All land was to return to the individual or family to whom it had originally belonged by inheritance, even if he (or she) were in bondservice. When land was valued in anticipation of selling it or devoting it to God, it was to be valued in terms of anticipated productivity prior to the year of jubilee. Between jubilees land might be redeemed for its productivity value. City property, however, must be redeemed within a year of its sale or loss. Levitical property was not subject to these rules. Israelites who fell into bondage were to be released in the jubilee year, or redeemed in the interim period.

Smith's Bible Dictionary [3]


1. See Battering-Ram .

(High, Exalted).

2. A son of Hezron, and the father of Ammin-adab, born in Egypt, after Jacob's migration there.  Ruth 4:19. (B.C. 1706). In  Matthew 1:3-4 and  Luke 3:33, he is called Aram in the Authorized Version, but Ram in the Revised Version of  Matthew 1:3-4, and Arni in the Revised Version of  Luke 3:33. See Aram, 4; Arni .

3. The first-born of Jerahmeel, and, therefore, nephew of the Ram, 2 .  1 Chronicles 3:25;  1 Chronicles 3:27. (B.C. after 1706).

4. One of the kindred of Elihu.  Job 32:2. Ewald identified this Ram with Aram in  Genesis 22:21. See Aram, 2 .

King James Dictionary [4]

RAM, n. See the Verb.

1. The male of the sheep or ovine genus in some parts of England called a tup. In the United States, the word is applied, I believe, to no other male, except in the compound ram-cat. 2. In astronomy, Aries, the sign of the zodiac which the sun enters on the 21st of March, or a constellation of fixed stars in the figure of a ram. It is considered the first of the twelve signs. 3. An engine of war, used formerly for battering and demolishing the walls of cities called a battering-ram. See Battering-ram.

Ram, L ramus, a branch that is a shoot or thrust. Heb. See Cram.

1. To thrust or drive with violence to force in to drive down or together as, to ram down a cartridge to ram piles into the earth. 2. To drive, as with a battering ram. 3. To stuff to cram.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [5]

RAM . 1 . An ancestor of David (  Ruth 4:19 ,   Matthew 1:3-4; in   Luke 3:33 Arni ). In   1 Chronicles 2:9 he is called the brother , but in   1 Chronicles 2:25;   1 Chronicles 2:27 the son of Jerahmeel. 2 . The family to which Elihu belonged (  Job 32:2 ). Some have supposed that Ram is a contraction for Aram. [Note: Aramaic.]

RAM . See Sheep, and (for battering-ram) Fortification and Siegecraft, 6 ( c ).

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [6]

1.  Ruth 4:19;  1 Chronicles 2:9-10;  1 Chronicles 2:25;  1 Chronicles 2:27. Hezron's second son, born in Egypt after Jacob settled there, for he is not mentioned in  Genesis 46:4. In  Matthew 1:3-4;  Luke 3:33, Aram.

2.  Job 32:2. Uz and Aram recur three times in the race of Shem ( Genesis 10:23;  Genesis 22:2;  Genesis 36:28).

Easton's Bible Dictionary [7]

  • A person mentioned in  Job 32:2 as founder of a clan to which Elihu belonged. The same as Aram of   Genesis 22:21 .

    Copyright Statement These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., DD Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

    Bibliography Information Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Ram'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/r/ram.html. 1897.

  • Morrish Bible Dictionary [8]

    1. Son of Hezron and father of Amminadab.   Ruth 4:19;  1 Chronicles 2:9,10 . Called ARAMin  Matthew 1:3,4;  Luke 3:33 .

    2. Son of Jerahmeel.   1 Chronicles 2:25,27 .

    3. Elihu is described as "the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram."   Job 32:2 .

    Webster's Dictionary [9]

    (1): ( a.) Angry.

    (2): ( n.) The East Indian name of the chick-pea (Cicer arietinum) and its seeds; also, other similar seeds there used for food.

    (3): ( n.) Alt. of Gramme

    Holman Bible Dictionary [10]

     Ruth 4:19 1 Chronicles 2:9 Matthew 1:3-4 2 1 Chronicles 2:27 Job 32:2

    Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary [11]

    Son of Hezron. ( 1 Chronicles 2:9) There was another Ram, from whom sprung Elihu. ( Job 32:2) Perhaps from Ramah, lifted up.

    Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [12]

    (Heb. רָם , High ), the name of three men in Scripture.

    1. (Sept. Ἀράμ , v. r. Ἀῤῥάν and Ο᾿Ράμ ; Vul. Aran .) The son of Hezron and father of Amminadab, B.C. cir. 1780. He was born in Egypt after Jacob's migration there, as his name is not mentioned in  Genesis 46:4. He first appears in  Ruth 4:19. The genealogy in  1 Chronicles 2:9-10 adds no further information concerning him, except that he was the Second son of Hezron, Jerahmeel being the first-born ( 1 Chronicles 2:25). He appears in the New Test. only in the two lists of the ancestry of Christ ( Matthew 1:3-4;  Luke 3:33), where he is called ARAM.

    2. (Sept. ῾Ράμ , v. r. ῾Ράν , Ἀράμ , Apait; Vulg. Ram. ) The first-born of Jerahmeel, and therefore nephew of the preceding ( 1 Chronicles 2:25;  1 Chronicles 2:27). B.C. post 1780. He had three sons Maaz, Jamin, and Eker.

    3. (Sept. ῾Ράμ , v. r. Ἀράμ ; Vulg. Ram. ) Elihu, the son of Barachel the Buzite, is described as "of the kindred of Ram" ( Job 32:2). Rashi's note on the passage is curious: of the family of Ram,' Abraham; for it is said, the greatest man among the Anakim' (Joshua 14); this [is] Abraham." Ewald identifies Ram with Aram, mentioned in  Genesis 22:21 in connection with Huz and Buz (Gesch. i, 414). Elihu would thus be a collateral descendant of Abraham, and this may have suggested the extraordinary explanation given by Rashli. (See Aram).

    Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [13]