From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): ( n.) See Polarity, and Polar, n.

(2): ( n.) A long, slender piece of wood; a tall, slender piece of timber; the stem of a small tree whose branches have been removed; as, specifically: (a) A carriage pole, a wooden bar extending from the front axle of a carriage between the wheel horses, by which the carriage is guided and held back. (b) A flag pole, a pole on which a flag is supported. (c) A Maypole. See Maypole. (d) A barber's pole, a pole painted in stripes, used as a sign by barbers and hairdressers. (e) A pole on which climbing beans, hops, or other vines, are trained.

(3): ( n.) A native or inhabitant of Poland; a Polander.

(4): ( v. t.) To furnish with poles for support; as, to pole beans or hops.

(5): ( v. t.) To convey on poles; as, to pole hay into a barn.

(6): ( n.) The firmament; the sky.

(7): ( v. t.) To impel by a pole or poles, as a boat.

(8): ( n.) Either extremity of an axis of a sphere; especially, one of the extremities of the earth's axis; as, the north pole.

(9): ( n.) A measuring stick; also, a measure of length equal to 5/ yards, or a square measure equal to 30/ square yards; a rod; a perch.

(10): ( n.) One of the opposite or contrasted parts or directions in which a polar force is manifested; a point of maximum intensity of a force which has two such points, or which has polarity; as, the poles of a magnet; the north pole of a needle.

(11): ( n.) A point upon the surface of a sphere equally distant from every part of the circumference of a great circle; or the point in which a diameter of the sphere perpendicular to the plane of such circle meets the surface. Such a point is called the pole of that circle; as, the pole of the horizon; the pole of the ecliptic; the pole of a given meridian.

(12): ( v. t.) To stir, as molten glass, with a pole.

King James Dictionary [2]

POLE, n. L. palus. See Pale.

1. A long slender piece of wood, or the stem of a small tree deprived of its branches. Thus seamen use poles for setting or driving boats in shallow water the stems of small trees are used for hoops and called hoop-poles the stems of small, but tall straight trees, are used as poles for supporting the scaffolding in building. 2. A rod a perch a measure of length of five yards and a half.

In New England, rod is generally used.

3. An instrument for measuring.

Bare poles. A ship is under bare poles, when her sails are all furled.

POLE, n. L. polus Gr. to turn.

1. In astronomy, one of the extremities of the axis on which the sphere revolves. These two points are called the poles of the world. 2. In spherics, a point equally distant from every part of the circumference of a great circle of the sphere or it is a point 90 deg. distant from the plane of a circle, and in a line passing perpendicularly through the center, called the axis. Thus the zenith and nadir are the poles of the horizon. 3. In geography, the extremity of the earth's axis, or one of the points on the surface of our globe through which the axis passes. 4. The star which is vertical to the pole of the earth the pole-star.

Poles of the ecliptic, are two points on the surface of the sphere, 23 deg. 30' distant from the poles of the world.

Magnetic poles, two points in a lodestone, corresponding to the poles of the world the one pointing to the north, the other to the south.

POLE, n. from Poland. A native of Poland.

POLE, To furnish with poles for support as, to pole beans.

1. To bear or convey on poles as, to pole hay into a barn. 2. To impel by poles, as a boat to push forward by the use of poles.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [3]

 Numbers 21:8 (a) The Cross of Christ is represented by this figure. Our Lord Jesus said that it represents the Cross on which He was lifted up at Calvary as the pole was lifted up in the wilderness, and on which the serpent hung. (See  John 3:14).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [4]

pōl  :   Numbers 21:8 ,  Numbers 21:9 the King James Version for נס , nēṣ , Revised Version "standard."

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [5]

( נֵס , Nes, a flagstaff,  Numbers 21:8-9; hence the flag or standard itself, "sign," "banner," etc., as elsewhere).

The Nuttall Encyclopedia [6]

The name given to the extremities of the imaginary axis of the earth, round which it is conceived to revolve.