From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

1: Διϊκνέομαι (Strong'S #1338 — Verb — diikneomai — dee-ik-neh'-om-ahee )

"to go through, penetrate" (dia, "through," ikneomaia, "to go"), is used of the power of the Word of God, in  Hebrews 4:12 , "piercing." In the Sept.,  Exodus 26:28 .

2: Διέρχομαι (Strong'S #1330 — Verb — dierchomai — dee-er'-khom-ahee )

"to go through," is translated "shall pierce through" in  Luke 2:35 . See Come , No. 5.

3: Ἐκκεντέω (Strong'S #1574 — Verb — ekkenteo — ek-ken-teh'-o )

primarily, "to prick out" (ek, "out," kenteo, "to prick"), signifies "to pierce,"  John 19:37;  Revelation 1:7 .

4: Νύσσω (Strong'S #3572 — Verb — nusso — noos'-so )

"to pierce" or "pierce through," often of inflicting severe or deadly wounds, is used of the piercing of the side of Christ,  John 19:34 (in some mss.,   Matthew 27:49 ).

5: Περιπείρω (Strong'S #4044 — Verb — peripeiro — per-ee-pi'-ro )

"to put on a spit," hence, "to pierce," is used metaphorically in  1—Timothy 6:10 , of torturing one's soul with many sorrows, "have pierced (themselves) through."

King James Dictionary [2]

Pierce pers.

1. To thrust into with a pointed instrument as, to pierce the body with a sword or spear to pierce the side with a thorn. 2. To penetrate to enter to force a way into as, a column of troops pierced the main body of the enemy a shot pierced the ship. 3. To penetrate the heart deeply to touch the passions to excite or affect the passions.  1 Timothy 6 4. To dive or penetrate into, as a secret or purpose.

PIERCE, pers. To enter as a pointed instrument.

1. To penetrate to force a way into or through any thing. The shot pierced through the side of the ship.

Her tears will pierce into a marble heart.

2. To enter to dive or penetrate, as into a secret.

She would not pierce further into his meaning than himself should declare.

3. To affect deeply.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( v. t.) To penetrate; to enter; to force a way into or through; to pass into or through; as, to pierce the enemy's line; a shot pierced the ship.

(2): ( v. t.) To thrust into, penetrate, or transfix, with a pointed instrument.

(3): ( v. t.) Fig.: To penetrate; to affect deeply; as, to pierce a mystery.

(4): ( v. i.) To enter; to penetrate; to make a way into or through something, as a pointed instrument does; - used literally and figuratively.