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Easton's Bible Dictionary [1]

  • One of the Hamitic tribes descended from Mizraim ( Genesis 10:13 ), a people of Africa ( Ezekiel 27:10;  30:5 ), on the west of Egypt. The people called Lud were noted archers ( Isaiah 66:19; Compare  Jeremiah 46:9 ).

    Copyright Statement These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., DD Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

    Bibliography Information Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Lud'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. 1897.

  • Fausset's Bible Dictionary [2]

    Fourth of Shem's children ( Genesis 10:22). The Lydians of western Asia Minor (say some), whose manners and whose names were Semitic. But the geographic position is against this. Moses would not abruptly pass to the distant W. from the E., and then back to the S.E.; if the Lydians of western Asia were meant, the order would have been Elam, Asshur (Arphaxad), Aram, Lud; not Elam, Asshur (Arphaxad), Lud, Aram. Lud is to be looked for between Assyria and Syria. The Ruten or Luden of the Egyptian monuments, dwelling N. of Palestine, near Mesopotamia and Assyria. They warred with the Pharaohs of the 13th, 14th, and 15th centuries B.C., under one of whom Moses lived (G. Rawlinson). The Luden may have migrated to western Asia at a later period. Thus, Lud will be the original stock of the Lydians.

    Holman Bible Dictionary [3]

     Genesis 10:13 Genesis 10:22 Jeremiah 46:9 Ezekiel 30:5  Ezekiel 27:10 Isaiah 66:19

    Smith's Bible Dictionary [4]

    Lud. (Strife). The fourth name in the list of the children of Shem,  Genesis 10:22, compare  1 Chronicles 1:17, supposed to have been the ancestor of the Lydians.

    Morrish Bible Dictionary [5]

    Son of Shem.  Genesis 10:22;  1 Chronicles 1:17 . See SHEM.

    American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [6]

    A son of Shem,  Genesis 10:22 , and ancestor, it is thought, of the Lydians in Asia Minor.

    Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [7]

    (Heb. id. לוּד , derivation unknown; Sept. Λούδ , but in Ezekiel Λυδοί ; Auth.Vers. "Lydia," in  Ezekiel 30:5), the name apparently of two nations. (See Ethology).

    1. The fourth son of Shem (B.C. post 2513), and founder of a tribe near the Assyrians and Aramasans ( Genesis 10:22;  1 Chronicles 1:17). According to Josephus ( Ant. 1:6, 4), they were the Lydians; in which opinion agree Eustathius, Eusebius, Jerome, and Isidore, and among moderns Bochart ( Phaleg . 2:12) and Gesenius. On the contrary, Michaelis (Spicileg. 2:11.4 sq.) reads הוד , and understands the Indians (see also his Supplement, No. 1416; comp. Vater, Comment . 1:130). Lud would thus be represented by the Lydus of the mythical period (Herod. 1:7). "The Shemitic character of the manners of the Ludim, and the strong Orientalism of the art of the Lydian kingdom during its latest period and after the Persian conquest, but before the predominance of Greek art in Asia Minor, favor this idea; but, on the other hand, the Egyptian monuments show us in the 13th, 14th. and 15th centuries B.C. a powerful people called RUTEN or LUDEN, probably seated near Mesopotamia, and apparently north of Palestine. whom some, however, make the Assyrians. We may perhaps conjecture that the Lydians first established themselves near Palestine, and afterwards spread into Asia Minor; the occupiers of the old seat of the race being destroyed or rermoved by the Assyrians." With the latter supposition, compare the apocryphal statement in  Judith 2:23. (See Lydia).

    2. One of the Hamitic tribes descended from Mizraim (Ludim,  Genesis 10:13), apparently a people of Africa (perhaps of Ethiopia), sprung from the Egyptians, and accustomed to fight with bows and arrows ( Ezekiel 27:1 C; 30:5;  Isaiah 66:19, where they are associated with Cush and Phut; comp. the Ludim,  Jeremiah 46:9, and the Phud and Lud of  Judith 2:23). Some have. referred the name to the people of Luday, on the western coast of Africa, south of Morocco (see Michaelis, Spicileg. 1:259 sq.; also Suppl. No. 1417); and combine with this the mention of a river Laud in Tangitania (Pliny, 2). Others, as Bochart (Phaleg, 4:56) and Gesenius (Comment. ad loc. Isa.), regard them as a branch of the Ethiopians. Hitzig (Comment. ad loc. Isaiah and Jeremiah) thinks that the Libyans are intended (by an interchange of letters), but Nulbiua appears to be rather indicated by the scriptural notices. Still more improbable is the supposition of Forster (Ep. ad Michael. page 13 sq.), that the inhabitants of the oases are intended, designated in Coptic by a term having some resemblance to Lud. The Arabic interpreters have Tanites; the Targum of Jonathan renders inhabitants of the nome of Neut. The opinion of Michaelis (Suppl. No. 1418), that by the Ludim the prophets meant the Lydians, has lately been re-enforced by Gesenius (Thes. Heb. page 746) with the remark that the Egyptians and Tyrians employed soldiers from Asia Minor in their armies (Herod. 2:152, 154, 163; 3:1). But the Egyptians, at least, had also mercenary troops from Africa, and the Asiatics referred to were only from Ionia and Caria. Rosellini (Monument. stor. III, 1:321 sq.) speaks of a province of Ludin, but the locality is uncertain. (See Ludim).

    Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [8]

    Fourth son of Shem . For his descendants, see Nations, Dispersion of.