Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words 
"to give," is used with various meanings according to the context; it is said, e.g., of seed "yielding fruit," Mark 4:7,8; of "giving" (i.e., exercising) diligence, Luke 12:58; of "giving" lots, Acts 1:26 , RV (AV, "gave forth"); of "rendering" vengeance, 2—Thessalonians 1:8; of "striking or smiting" Christ, John 18:22 (lit., "gave a blow") and John 19:3 (lit., "they gave Him blows"); of "putting" a ring on the hand, Luke 15:22; of Paul's "adventuring" himself into a place, Acts 19:31 . (In Revelation 17:13 some mss. have diadidomi, "to divide"). See Adventure , Bestow , No. 1, COMMIT, Note (1), Deliver, Grant, Make, Minister, Offer, Put, Set, Shew, Suffer, Take, Utter, Yield
Acts 7:25 Acts 10:40 Revelation 13:14,15
signifies "to give up or back, to restore, return, render what is due, to pay, give an account" (apo, "back," and No. 1), e.g., of an account. Matthew 5:26; 12:36; Luke 16:2; Acts 19:40; Hebrews 13:17; 1—Peter 4:5; of wages, etc., e.g., Matthew 18:25-34; 20:8; of conjugal duty, 1—Corinthians 7:3; of a witness, Acts 4:33; frequently of recompensing or rewarding, 1—Timothy 5:4; 2—Timothy 4:8,14; 1—Peter 3:9; Revelation 18:6; 22:12 . In the Middle Voice it is used of "giving" up what is one's own; hence, "to sell," Acts 5:8; 7:9; Hebrews 12:16 . See Deliver.
signifies (a) "to give by handing, to hand" (epi, "over"), e.g., Matthew 7:9,10; Luke 4:17; 24:30 , here of the Lord's act in "handing" the broken loaf to the two at Emmaus, an act which was the means of the revelation of Himself as the crucified and risen Lord; the simple verb, No. 1, is used of His "handing" the bread at the institution of the Lord's Supper, Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19; this meaning of the verb epididomi is found also in Acts 15:30 , "they delivered;" (b) "to give in, give way," Acts 27:15 , RV, "we gave way to it." See Deliver.
"to give a share of, impart" (meta, "with"), as distinct from "giving." The Apostle Paul speaks of "sharing" some spiritual gift with Christians at Rome, Romans 1:11 , "that I may impart," and exhorts those who minister in things temporal, to do so as "sharing," and that generously, Romans 12:8 , "he that giveth;" so in Ephesians 4:28; Luke 3:11 , in 1—Thessalonians 2:8 he speaks of himself and his fellow missionaries as having been well pleased to impart to the converts both God's Gospel and their own souls (i.e., so "sharing" those with them as to spend themselves and spend out their lives for them). See Impart.
"to give or hand over," is said of "giving" up the ghost, John 19:30; of "giving" persons up to evil, Acts 7:42; Romans 1:24,26; of "giving" one's body to be burned, 1—Corinthians 13:3; of Christ's "giving" Himself up to death, Galatians 2:20; Ephesians 5:2,25 . See Betray , Commit , Deliver.
"to give before, or first" (pro, "before"), is found in Romans 11:35 .
primarily denotes "to show favor or kindness," as in Galatians 3:18 , RV, "hath granted" (AV, "gave"); then, to "give" freely, bestow graciously; in this sense it is used almost entirely of that which is "given" by God, Acts 27:24 , "God hath granted thee all them that sail with thee" (RV); in Romans 8:32 , "shall ... freely give;" 1—Corinthians 2:12 , "are freely given;" Philippians 1:29 , "it hath been granted" (said of believing on Christ and suffering for Him); Philippians 2:9 , "hath given" (said of the name of Jesus as "given" by God); Philemon 1:22 , "I shall be granted unto you" (RV). In Luke 7:21 , it is said in regard to the blind, upon whom Christ "bestowed" sight (RV). The only exceptions, in this sense of the word, as to Divinely imparted "gifts," are Acts 3:14 , of the "granting" of Barabbas by Pilate to the Jews, and Acts 25:11,16 , of the "giving" up of a prisoner to his accusers or to execution. See Deliver , Forgive , Grant.
in the Active Voice, signifies "to afford, furnish, provide, supply" (lit., "to hold out or towards;" para, "near," echo, "to hold"); it is translated "hath given" in Acts 17:31; "giveth" in 1—Timothy 6:17 (in the sense of affording); in Colossians 4:1 , RV, "render" (AV, "give"). See Bring , Do , Keep , Minister , Offer , Render , Shew , Trouble.
akin to No. 1, and used in the Middle Voice, "to bestow, make a gift of," is translated in the RV by the verb "to grant," instead of the AV, "to give," Mark 15:45; 2—Peter 1:3,4 . See Grant.
"to assign, apportion" (apo, "away," nemo, "to distribute"), is rendered "giving" in 1—Peter 3:7 , of giving honor to the wife. In the papyri writings it is said of a prefect who "gives" to all their dues. In the Sept., Deuteronomy 4:19 .
"to do," is used in Jude 1:3 of "giving" diligence (the Middle Voice indicating Jude's especial interest in his task).
"to bring down or against" (kata, "down"), said of an accusation in Acts 25:7 (in the best mss.), and of being "borne down" with sleep, Acts 20:9 , RV, is used of casting a ballot or "giving" a vote in Acts 26:10 . See Fall , Note (8), Sink.
lit., "to put in addition" (pros, "to," tithemi, "to put"), "to give more," is translated "shall more be given," in Mark 4:24 (Passive Voice). See Add.
"to be at leisure," hence, "to have time or opportunity for, to be occupied in," is said of "giving" oneself to prayer, 1Cor.7:5; of an "empty" house, "lying vacant," Matthew 12:44 .
"to say," is rendered "giving out," of the self-advertisement of Simon Magus, Acts 8:9 . See Say.
"to turn one's mind to, attend to," is used of "giving" oneself up to, 1—Timothy 3:8 (to wine); of "giving" heed to, Acts 8:6,10,11 (RV); 16:14 (RV); 1—Timothy 1:4; 4:1,13 (RV); Titus 1:14; Hebrews 2:1 . See Attend.
"to pursue," is translated "given to" in Romans 12:13 , lit., "pursuing hospitality." See Follow.
John 10:11 2—Peter 1:5Add. 1—John 5:10Witness. 1—Peter 4:11Minister. Hebrews 7:2Divide. Matthew 26:53Send. Titus 2:3 1—Timothy 4:15 Luke 10:7Sentence. Acts 6:4Continue.ChargeCommandmentDrinkHospitalityLawLightMarriagePlacePleasureSuckThanks.
King James Dictionary 
GIVE, pret. gave pp. given. Heb. to give. The sense of give is generally to pass, or to transfer, that is, to send or throw.
1. To bestow to confer to pass or transfer the title or property of a thing to another person without an equivalent or compensation.
For generous lords had rather give than pay.
2. To transmit from himself to another by hand, speech or writing to deliver.
The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. Genesis 3
3. To import to bestow.
Give us of your oil, for our lamps are gone out. Matthew 25
4. To communicate as, to give an opinion to give counsel or advice to give notice. 5. To pass or deliver the property of a thing to another for an equivalent to pay. We give the full value of all we purchase. A dollar is given for a day's labor.
What shall a man give in exchange for this soul? Matthew 16
6. To yield to lend in the phrase to give ear, which signifies to listen to hear. 7. To quit in the phrase to give place, which signifies to
withdraw, or retire to make room for another.
8. To confer to grant.
What wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless? Genesis 15 .
9. To expose to yield to the power of.
Give to the wanton winds their flowing hair.
10. To grant to allow to permit.
It is given me once again to behold my friend.
11. To afford to supply to furnish.
Thou must give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings. Exodus 10
12. To empower to license to commission.
Then give thy friend to shed the sacred wine.
But this and similar phrases are probably elliptical give for give power or license. So in the phrases,give me to understand, give me to know, give the flowers to blow, that is, to give power, to enable.
13. To pay or render as, to give praise, applause or approbation. 14. To render to pronounce as, to give sentence or judgment to give the word of command. 15. To utter to vent as, to give a shout. 16. To produce to show to exhibit as a product or result as, the number of men divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship. 17. To cause to exist to excite in another as, to give offense or umbrage to give pleasure. 18. To send forth to emit as, a stone gives sparks with steel. 19. To addict to apply to devote one's self, followed by the reciprocal pronoun. The soldiers give themselves to plunder. The passive participle is much used in this sense as, the people are given to luxury and pleasure the youth is given to study.
Give thyself wholly to them. 1 Timothy 4
20. To resign to yield up often followed by up.
Who say, I care not, those I give for lost.
21. To pledge as, I give my word that the debt shall be paid. 22. To present for taking or acceptance as, I give you my hand. 23. To allow or admit by way of supposition.
To give away, to alienate the title or property of a thing to make over to another to transfer.
Whatsoever we employ in charitable uses, during our lives, is given away from ourselves.
To give back, to return to restore.
To give forth, to publish to tell to report publicly.
To give the hand, to yield preeminence, as being subordinate or inferior.
To give in, to allow by way of abatement or deduction from a claim to yield what may be justly demanded.
To give over, to leave to quit to cease to abandon as, to give over a pursuit.
1. To addict to attach to to abandon.
When the Babylonians had given themselves over to all manner of vice.
2. To despair of recovery to believe to be lost, or past recovery. The physician had given over the patient, or given the patient over. 3. To abandon.
To give out, to utter publicly to report to proclaim to publish. It was given out that parliament would assemble in November.
1. To issue to send forth to publish.
The night was distinguished by the orders which he gave out to his army.
2. To show to exhibit in false appearance. 3. To send out to emit as, a substance gives out steam or odors.
To give up, to resign to quit to yield as hopeless as, to give up a cause to give up the argument.
1. To surrender as, to give up a fortress to an enemy. 2. To relinquish, to cede. In this treaty the Spaniards gave up Louisiana. 3. To abandon as, to give up all hope. They are given up to believe a lie. 4. To deliver.
And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people to the king. 2 Samuel 24 .
To give one's self up, to despair of one's recovery to conclude to be lost.
1. To resign or devote.
Let us give ourselves wholly up to Christ in heart and desire.
2. To addict to abandon. He gave himself up to intemperance.
To give way, to yield to withdraw to make room for. Inferiors should give way to superiors.
1. To fail to yield or force to break or fall. The ice gave way and the horses were drowned. The scaffolding gave way. The wheels or axletree gave way. 2. To recede to make room for. 3. In seamen's language, give way is an order to a boat's crew to row after ceasing, or to increase their exertions.
GIVE, giv. To yield to pressure. The earth gives under the feet.
1. To begin to melt to thaw to grow soft, so as to yield to pressure. 2. To move to recede.
Now back he gives,then rushes on amain.
To give in, to be back to give way. Not in use.
To give into, to yield assent to adopt.
This consideration may induce a translator to give in to those general phrases.
To give off, to cease to forbear. Little used.
To give on, to rush to fall on. Not in use.
To give out, to publish to proclaim.
1. To cease from exertion to yield applied to persons. He labored hard, but gave out at last.
To give over, to cease to act no more to desert.
It would be well for all authors, if they knew when to give over, and to desist from any further pursuits after fame.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia 
( נתן , nāthan , יהב , yāhabh , שׂוּם , sūm ; δίδωμι , dı́dōmi ): "Give" is a very common word in the Old Testament. It is most frequently the translation of nāthan , "to give" ( Genesis 1:29; Genesis 3:6; Exodus 2:9; Dt 18, 20, etc., over 800 instances); nāthan is also translated "to give up" ( Deuteronomy 23:14; Isaiah 43:6; Hosea 11:8 ); of yāhabh , "to give" ( Genesis 30:1; 1 Chronicles 16:28 the King James Version). In Psalm 55:22 we have the perfect with suffix, "Cast thy burden upon Yahweh," margin "what he hath given thee"; elsewhere it is the imperative "Give!" (the King James Version in Gen, "Go to"); sūm , "to put," "place" ( Numbers 6:26; Proverbs 8:29 ); rūm , "to lift up," "exalt" ( 2 Chronicles 30:24 bis ; 2 Chronicles 35:7 , 2 Chronicles 35:8 , 2 Chronicles 35:9 , "to give to"); shūbh , "to cause to turn back" ( Leviticus 25:51 , Leviticus 25:52; 2 Kings 17:3 , "to give again"); various other words are in single instances translated "give."
In the New Testament, the common word is didōmi , "to give" ( Matthew 4:9; John 1:12; Revelation 1:1; Revelation 21:6 , etc.); we have also apodı́dōmi , "to give away (from one's self)" ( Matthew 12:36; Luke 16:2; Acts 4:33; Acts 19:40; Revelation 22:12 ); diadı́dōmi , "to give throughout" ( Revelation 17:13 ); epidı́dōmi , "to give upon or besides" ( Matthew 7:9 , Matthew 7:10; John 13:26 ); metadı́dōmi , "to give a share" ( Romans 12:8 ); paradı́dōmi , "to give over to" ( Romans 1:28; 1 Corinthians 13:3; Galatians 2:20 , etc.); prodı́dōmi , "to give forth or foremost" ( Romans 11:35 ); aponémō , "to apportion" ( 1 Peter 3:7 ); dōréomai , "to give as a gift" ( Mark 15:45 , the Revised Version (British and American) "granted"; 2 Peter 1:3 , 2 Peter 1:4 the King James Version); marturéō , "to give testimony or witness" ( 1 John 5:10 ); pareisphérō , "to bring forward therewith" ( 2 Peter 1:5 ); paréchō , "to hold near by" ( Colossians 4:1; 1 Timothy 6:17 ); kataphérō , "to bear against or down" ( Acts 26:10 ); charı́zomai , "to grant as a favor" ( Luke 7:21; Acts 27:24; Romans 8:32; Galatians 3:18; Philippians 2:9; Philippians 1:22 the King James Version). A few other words mostly occurring singly are translated "give."
Of the many changes in the Revised Version (British and American), the following are among the most important: for "Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies," "Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me" ( 2 Samuel 22:41; Psalm 18:40 ); for "He that made him can make his sword to approach unto him " ( Job 40:19 ), the American Standard Revised Version has "He only that made him giveth him his sword," the English Revised Version, margin "furnished"; for "hasten after another god" ( Psalm 16:4 ), the American Standard Revised Version has "give gifts for" (ERVm); for "give" ( Psalm 29:1 , Psalm 29:2 , etc.), the American Standard Revised Version has "ascribe"; for "give myself unto wine" ( Ecclesiastes 2:3 ), "cheer my flesh with wine"; for "giveth his life" ( John 10:11 ), "layeth down"; "given" is supplied ( Acts 19:2 ), where we read instead of "We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost," "We did not so much as hear whether the Holy Spirit was given ," margin "there is a Holy Spirit"; for Christ shall give thee light" ( Ephesians 5:14 ), "Christ shall shine upon thee"; for "give in charge" ( 1 Timothy 5:7 ), "command"; for "not given to wine" ( 1 Timothy 3:3; Titus 1:7 ), "no brawler," margin "not quarrelsome over wine"; for "she that liveth in pleasure" ( 1 Timothy 5:6 ), "giveth herself to"; for "All scripture is given by inspiration of God" ( 2 Timothy 3:16 ), "Every scripture inspired of God," margin "Every scripture is inspired of God"; for "given to filthy lucre" ( Titus 1:7 ), "greedy of"; in Hebrews 2:16 , the American Standard Revised Version has "For verily not of angels doth he give help," margin "For verily not of angels doth he take hold, but he taketh hold," etc. (compare Isaiah 41:9; Ecclesiasticus 4:11; 8:9 (in the Greek) the English Revised Version, "not of angels doth he take hold") (the idea is that of taking hold of to lift up or help); in Ecclesiasticus 13:15 for "giving thanks to his name," the Revised Version (British and American) reads "make confession to his name"; for "giving all diligent" ( 2 Peter 1:5 ), "adding."
The prominence of "give" in the Bible reminds us that God is the great Giver ( James 1:5 ), and of the words of the Lord Jesus, "It is more blessed to give than to receive" ( Acts 20:35 ), "Freely ye received, freely give" ( Matthew 10:8 ).