From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary [1]

This word in Scripture is sometimes figuratively used, to express the Lord's gracious dealings with his people. Thus ( Psalms 81:16) Jehovah is said to have fed his people with the finest wheat; meaning, the spiritual and distinguishing blessings he poured out upon them. Hence the consecration of Aaron was with the finest wheat flour. (See  Exodus 29:1-2) Hence the meat-offering was of the same. ( Leviticus 2:1) The Hebrews called all offerings made by grain, or flour, Mincha. Were not the whole of these offerings with an eye to Christ? Was not Jesus the first of the finest flour? And if the church, while presenting their offerings of the finest flour, with an eye to Christ, were in the appointments of the Lord, may we not, without violence to the original, suppose, that JEHOVAH feeding the people with the finest wheat had an eye to Christ?

Holman Bible Dictionary [2]

 Exodus 29:2 1 Samuel 28:24 Leviticus 2:16 1 Kings 17:12 Leviticus 2:1-2 2:4-5 2:7 Deuteronomy 32:14 2 Kings 7:1 Ezekiel 16:13 Revelation 18:13 Genesis 18:6 1 Samuel 28:24

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [3]

1: Σεμίδαλις (Strong'S #4585 — Noun Feminine — semidalis — sem-id'-al-is )

denotes the "finest wheaten flour,"  Revelation 18:13 .

King James Dictionary [4]

Flour n. originally flower L. flos, floris, from floreo, to flourish.

The edible part of corn meal. In the United States, the modern practice is to make a distinction between flour and meal the word flour being more usually applied to the finer part of meal, separated from the bran, as wheat flour, rye flour. This is a just and useful distinction.


1. To grind and bolt to convert into flour. Wheat used formerly to be sent to market but now great quantities of it are floured in the interior country. 2. To sprinkle with flour.

Easton's Bible Dictionary [5]

 Genesis 18:6 Jeremiah 25:10 Exodus 12:34 Genesis 19:3

Fine flour was offered by the poor as a sin-offering ( Leviticus 5:11-13 ), and also in connection with other sacrifices ( Numbers 15:3-12;  28:7-29 ).

Webster's Dictionary [6]

(1): ( v. t.) To sprinkle with flour.

(2): ( n.) The finely ground meal of wheat, or of any other grain; especially, the finer part of meal separated by bolting; hence, the fine and soft powder of any substance; as, flour of emery; flour of mustard.

(3): ( v. t.) To grind and bolt; to convert into flour; as, to flour wheat.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [7]

 Exodus 29:2 (c) This is no doubt a type of the beautiful white, smooth life of Christ in which there was no sin, nor evil. His life was pure grace, pure love, pure holiness and pure beauty.

Smith's Bible Dictionary [8]

Flour. See Bread .

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [9]

FLOUR . See Bread, Food, § 2 , Mill.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [10]


Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [11]


stands in the Auth. Vers. as the representative of the following Heb. words: קֶמִח (Ke'Mach, literally marrow, SEE FAT,  Judges 6:19;  1 Samuel 1:24;  1 Samuel 28:24;  2 Samuel 17:28, meal, as it is elsewhere rendered), סֹלֶת (so'leth, from stripping off the hull, the finest and purest part of the meal, usually rendered "fine flour," Sept. and N. Test. Σεμίδαλις ,  Revelation 18:13), and בָּצֵק (Batsek', from its swelling in rising,  2 Samuel 13:18, dough as it is elsewhere rendered). SEE MEAL.

In early times corn was often eaten whole without any preparation at all ( Deuteronomy 23:25), and the custom was not entirely disused in the time of our Savior ( Matthew 12:1). Parching it afterwards became so general that the words which properly mean parched were also used for corn or meal ( Ruth 2:14;  2 Samuel 17:28). (See Parched Corn). Mortars were used in the time of Moses for bruising corn, as was also the mill ( Numbers 11:8). (See Mortar). Fine meal, that is, corn or grain ground or beaten fine, is spoken of as far back as the time of Abraham ( Genesis 18:6). At first, barley alone was ground. but afterwards wheat, as only the poor used barley. Barley-bread appears to have been more suitable in the warm climate of the East than in a colder climate. (See Bread).

On the second day, however, it becomes insipid and rough to the palate, as is likewise the case with wheaten bread; hence the necessity of baking every day, and hence also the daily grinding at the mills about evening alluded to by the prophet Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 25:10). (See Mill). The flour, being mingled with water, was reduced to a solid mass in a sort of wooden tray or kneading-trough (q.v.); this, after remaining a little time, was kneaded, some leaven being also added to it ( Exodus 12:34). (See Leaven). In case it was necessary to prepare the bread very hastily, the leaven was left out ( Genesis 18:6;  Genesis 19:3). The cakes, when made, were round, and nine or ten inches in diameter, and often not thicker than a knife. Jahn, Aschaeol. § 137-140. (See Cake). Fine flour was especially offered by the poor as a sin-offering ( Leviticus 5:11-13), end in connection with other sacrifices in general ( Numbers 15:3-12;  Numbers 28:7-29). (See Offering).

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [12]

Flour [[[Bread; Mill; Offering]]]