From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [1]

Son of Raamah, son of Cush ( Genesis 10:7), brother of Sheba. A second Dedan is son of Jokshan, son of Keturah ( Genesis 25:3), and is brother of a second Sheba. The recurrence of the same names points to an intermarriage between the Cushite (Ethiopian, rather Hamitic) Dedan and the Semitic Dedan, which is referred to as Edomite ( Jeremiah 49:8;  Jeremiah 25:23;  Ezekiel 25:13;  Isaiah 21:13, "ye traveling companies (merchant caravans) of Dedanim".)

The Cushite Dedan near the head of the Persian gulf and Chaldaea, the avenue of commerce to India, is referred to in  Ezekiel 27:15, as the names in the context prove; but  Ezekiel 27:20 Dedan is connected with N.W. Arabia, and associated with Assyria ( Ezekiel 27:23), i.e. the Semitic or Edomite Dedan, yet also connected with the Cushite "Sheba and Raamah" ( Ezekiel 27:22) on the Persian gulf. The Semitic Sabeans, descended from Sheba tenth son of Joktan, dwelt in S.W. Arabia, from the Red Sea to the straits of Bab el Mandeb. Ezekiel thus recounts the two channels of merchandise, Raamah on the Persian gulf, and Sheba on the Red Sea in Arabia. The name Dedan still remains in Dadan, an island on the border of the Persian gulf. (See Raamah )

People's Dictionary of the Bible [2]

Dedan ( Dç'Dan ). 1. A grandson of Cush,  Genesis 10:7, and the name of a people, with a region of like name.  1 Chronicles 1:9. Dedan is thought to be the same as Daden, an island of the Persian Gulf; the inhabitants were noted merchants.  Ezekiel 27:15;  Ezekiel 38:13. 2. A people of northern Arabia, descended from Dedan, a descendant of Abraham and Keturah.  Genesis 25:8;  1 Chronicles 1:32;  Jeremiah 49:8;  Jeremiah 49:25;  Jeremiah 49:23;  Ezekiel 25:13. The descendants of this Dedan lived near Idumæa.  Jeremiah 49:8. It is not certain, but probable that the Cushite tribe engaged more extensively in trade. The "travelling companies" of Dedanim, A. V. plural of Dedan, R. V. "Dedanites," are noticed in  Isaiah 21:13. They are also named with the merchants of Tarshish by  Ezekiel 38:13, and were celebrated from their trade with the Phœnicians.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [3]

1. Son of Raamah, son of Cush. His descendants are supposed to have located themselves on the Persian Gulf.  Genesis 10:7;  1 Chronicles 1:9 .

2. Descendant of Abraham and Keturah, probably inhabiting the borders of Idumaea.  Genesis 25:3;  1 Chronicles 1:32 .

3. District mentioned in  Jeremiah 25:23;  Jeremiah 49:8;  Ezekiel 25:13 . It is more than once in these prophecies associated with Edom, so that it was probably connected with the descendants of Abraham.

4. In  Ezekiel 27:15,20;  Ezekiel 38:13 apparently another place of the same name is referred to, which probably alludes to the district where the descendants of Cush settled.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [4]

DEDAN . A north Arabian people, according to   Genesis 10:7 descended from Cush, and according to   Genesis 25:3 from Abraham through Keturah. The combination is not difficult to understand when we remember the Arabian affiliations of the Cushites (cf.   Isaiah 21:13 ). In   Ezekiel 25:13 Dedan is placed almost within the Edomite territory, which it must have bordered on the southeast (cf.   Jeremiah 25:23;   Jeremiah 49:8 ). The Dedanites were among the Arabian peoples who sent their native wares to the markets of Tyre (  Ezekiel 27:20 ). In   Ezekiel 27:15 read ‘Rodan’ (Rhodians) for ‘Dedan.’

J. F. McCurdy.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [5]

1. The grandson of Cush,  Genesis 10:7; and

2. The son of Jokshan, Abraham's son by Keturah,  Genesis 25:3 . Both were founders of tribes frequently named in Scripture. The descendants of the Cushite Dedan are supposed to have settled in southern Arabia, near the Persian gulf, in which there is an island called by the Arabs Dedan lived in the neighborhood of Idumaea,  Jeremiah 49:8 . It is not clear, in all cases where the name occurs, which of the tribes is intended. It was probably the Cushite tribe, which was employed in trade. The "travelling companies" of Dedan are mentioned by  Isaiah 21:13 . They are also named with the merchants of Tarshish by  Ezekiel 38:13 , and were celebrated on account of their trade with the Phoenicians.

Easton's Bible Dictionary [6]

  • A son of Jokshan, Abraham's son by Keturah ( 1 Chronicles 1:32 ). His descendants settled on the Syrian borders about the territory of Edom. They probably led a pastoral life.

    Copyright Statement These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., DD Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

    Bibliography Information Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Dedan'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. 1897.

  • Holman Bible Dictionary [7]

     Genesis 10:27 Genesis 25:3 Genesis 10:27 Genesis 25:3 3 Jeremiah 25:23 Isaiah 21:13 Jeremiah 49:8 Ezekiel 25:13 Ezekiel 27:15 27:20 Ezekiel 38:13

    Smith's Bible Dictionary [8]

    De'dan. (Low Country).

    1. The name of a son of Raamah, son of Cush.  Genesis 10:7;  1 Chronicles 1:9.

    2. A son of Jokshan, son of Keturah.  Genesis 25:3;  1 Chronicles 1:32. (B.C. after 1988).

    Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [9]

    (Heb. Dedan', דְּדָן , according to Gesenius, Thes. Heb . p. 322, from the Arab. signifying sport; according to F Ü rst, Hebr. Handw . p. 288, by reduplication from דָּן , in the sense of deep; in  Ezekiel 25:13, with ה local or paragogic, Deda'Neh , דְּדָנֶה , "they of Dedan"), the name of one or two men or tribal progenitors. (See Dodanim).

    1. (Sept. Δαδάν , Δαιδάν .) A son of Raamah, son of Cush ( Genesis 10:7;  1 Chronicles 1:9, "the sons of Raamah, Sheba, and Dedan"). B.C. considerably post 2513. (See Cush). His descendants are perhaps mentioned by Isaiah ( Isaiah 21:13) and Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 27:15, Sept. ῾Ροδίων v. r. Ἀραδίων ; 20, Sept. Δαιδάν v. r. Δεδάν ; 38:13, Sept. Δαιδάν ; 25:13, Sept. Δεδάν or Δαιδάν v. r. Διωκόμενοι ). See below.

    2. (Sept. Δαιδάν , v.r. in  Jeremiah 49:8, Δαιδάμ ) A son of Jokshan ( 1 Chronicles 1:32), son of Keturah ( Genesis 25:3 : "Jokshan begat Sheba and Dedan; and the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim"). B.C. post 1988. The usual opinion respecting this and the preceding founder of tribes is that the first settled among the sons of Cush, probably on the borders of the Persian Gulf; the second on the Syrian borders, about the territory of Edom (Michaelis, Spicileg. 1:201 sq.). But Vater (Comment. 1:120; followed by Gesenius, Thes. Heb. p. 322) has suggested that the name may apply to one tribe, and this may be adopted as probable on the supposition that the descendants of the Keturahite Dedan intermarried with those of the Cushite Dedan. (See Arabia).

    The theory of this mixed descent gains weight from the fact that in each case the brother of Dedan is named Sheba. It may be supposed that the Dedanites were among the chief traders traversing the caravan-route from the head of the Persian Gulf to the south of Palestine, bearing merchandise of India, and possibly of Southern Arabia, and hence the mixture of such a tribe with another of different (and Keturahite) descent presents no impossibility. The passages in the Bible in which Dedan is mentioned (besides the genealogies above referred to) are contained in the prophecies of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, and are in every case obscure. The Edomitish settlers seem to be referred to in  Jeremiah 49:8, where Dedan is mentioned in the prophecy against Edom; again in  Jeremiah 25:23, with Tema and Buz; in  Ezekiel 25:13, with Teman, in the prophecy against Edom; and in  Isaiah 21:13 ("The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye traveling companies of Dedanim"), with Tema and Kedar. This last passage is by some understood to refer to caravans of the Cushite Dedan; and although it may only signify the wandering propensities of a nomad tribe; such as the Edomitish portion of Dedan may have been, the supposition that it means merchant-caravans is strengthened by the remarkable words of Ezekiel in the lamentation for Tyre. This chapter (27) twice mentions Dedan; first in  Ezekiel 27:15, where, after enumerating among the traffickers with the merchant- city many Asiatic peoples, it is said, "The children of Dedan were thy merchants, many isles ( אַיַּים ) were the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory, and ebony." Passing thence to Syria and western and northern peoples, the prophet again (in  Ezekiel 27:20) mentions Dedan in a manner which seems to point to the wide spread and possibly the mixed ancestry of this tribe. Ezekiel 27:15 may be presumed to allude especially to the Cushite Dedan (comp. ch.  Ezekiel 27:13, where we find Dedan with Sheba and the merchants of Tarshish; apparently, from the context, the Dedan of chap.  Ezekiel 27:15); but the passage commencing in  Ezekiel 27:20 appears to include the settlers on the borders of Edom (i.e. the Keturahite Dedan). The whole of the passage is as follows: "Dedan [was] thy merchant in precious clothes for chariots. Arabia, and all the princes of Kedar, they occupied with thee in lambs, and rams, and goats: in these [were they] thy merchants. The merchants of Sheba and Raamah they [were] thy merchants: they occupied in thy fairs with chief of all spices, and with all precious stones, and gold. Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, [and] Chilmad, [were] thy merchants" ( Ezekiel 27:20-23). We have here a Dedan connected with Arabia (probably the northwestern part of the peninsula) and Kedar, and also with the father and brother of the Cushite Dedan (Raamah and Sheba), and these latter with Asiatic peoples commonly placed in the regions bordering the head of the Persian gulf. This Dedan, moreover, is a merchant, not in pastoral produce, in sheep and goats, but in "precious clothes," in contradistinction to Arabia and Kedar, like the far-off Eastern nations who came with "spices, and precious stones, and gold," "blue clothes and broidered work," and "chests of rich apparel."

    The probable inferences from these mentions of Dedan support the argument first stated, namely,

    1. That Dedan, son of Raamah, settled on the shores of the Persian gulf, and his descendants became caravan. merchants between that coast and Palestine.

    2. That Jokshan, or a son of Jokshan, by intermarriage with the Cushite Dedan, formed a tribe of the same name, which appears to have had its chief settlement in the bolders of Idumaea, and perhaps to have led a pastoral life.

    All traces of the name of Dedan, whether in Idumaea or on the Persian gulf, are lost in the works of Arab geographers and historians. The Greek and Roman geographers, however, throw some light on the eastern settlement; and a native indication of the name is presumed to exist in the island of Dadan, on the borders of the gulf (see Bochart, Phaleg, 4:6; Assemani, Bibl. Orient. 3, 1:146, 153; 2:184, 560, 564, 604, 744; Bisching, Asia, p. 562; Wahl, Descr. Asice, p. 639; Niebuhr, Arabien, p. 308 sq.; Heeren, Ideen, I, 2:227, 419; Barbosa, Ranusio raccolte, 1:288). The identification must be taken in connection with the recovery of the name of Sheba, the other son of Raamah, on the island of Awal, near the Arabian shore of the same gulf. (See Raamah).

    Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [10]

    De´dan. Two persons of this name are mentioned in Scripture; one the son of Cush , and the other the second son of Jokshan, Abraham's son by Keturah . Both were founders of tribes, afterwards repeatedly named in Scripture.

    Of the descendants of the Cushite Dedan, very little is known. It is supposed that they settled in southern Arabia, near the Persian Gulf; but the existence in this quarter of a place called Dadan or Dadena, is the chief ground for this conclusion.

    The descendants of the Abrahamite Jokshan seem to have lived in the neighborhood of Idumaea; for the prophet Jeremiah calls on them to consult their safety, because the calamity of the sons of Esau, i.e. the Idumaeans, was at hand. The same prophet connects them with Thema and Buz, two other tribes of Arabia Petraea, or Arabia Deserta, as does Ezekiel with Theman, a district of Edom. It is not always clear when the name occurs which of the two Dedans is intended; but it is probably the Cushite tribe, which is described as addicted to commerce, or rather, perhaps, engaged in the carrying-trade. Its 'traveling companies,' or caravans, are mentioned by Isaiah in Ezekiel , the Dedanites are described as supplying the markets of Tyre with flowing riding-cloths: and elsewhere the same prophet names them along with the merchants of Tarshish.