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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [1]

(See Mainsail).

a heretic; toward the end of the second century. Little is known of his history; even his name is sometimes given Artemon and sometimes Artemas. The principal sources of our scanty information are Eusebius, Eccl. Hist. v, 28, where he uses the name Artemon, and 7:30, where it is Artemas; Theodoret, lceret. Fab. Epit. ii, 4; Epiphanius, Her. lxv, 1, 4; Photius, Biblioth. 48. Eusebius cites names of writers against Artemon, and gives some hints of his doctrine as being the same with that of Theodotus the tanner, viz. that Christ was a mere man. Theodoret (1. c.) says that Artemon believed in God the creator, but asserted Christ to be a mere man; born of a virgin, however, and superior to the prophets. Eusebius speaks of Artemon and his followers as abandoning the Scriptures for "syllogisms, and geometry." He states also that Paul of Samosata revived the heresy of Artemon. Schleiermacher (Theol. Zeitschrf,i 1822, iii, 295 sq.; translated by Moses Stuart in Bibl. Repository, v, 334 sq.) goes into a careful examination of the fragments of our knowledge about Artemon, and adopts the view previously given out by Gennadius of Marseilles, that Artemon was, in reality, a Sabellian. See also Lardner, Works, ii, 403 sq.; Schaffhausen, Historia Artemonis et Artemonitarum, Leipzig, 1737, 4to; Dorner, Doctrine of the Person of Christ, div. i, vol. ii, 8; Neander, Church History, i, 580.