From BiblePortal Wikipedia

King James Dictionary [1]

STAND, pret. and pp. stood. This verb, if from the root of G., is a derivative from the noun, which is formed from the participle of the original verb. In this case, the noun should properly precede the verb. It may be here remarked that if stan is the radical word, stand and L. Sto cannot be from the same stock. But stand in the pret. is stood, and sto forms steti. This induces a suspicion that stan is not the root of stand, but that n is casual. I am inclined however to believe these words to be from different roots. The Russ. Stoyu, to stand, is the L. sto, but it signifies also to be, to exist, being the substantive verb.

1. To be upon the feet, as an animal not to sit, kneel or lie.

The absolution to be pronounced by the priest alone, standing.

And the king turned his face about and blessed all the congregation of Israel, and all the congregation of Israel stood.  1 Kings 8 .

2. To be erect, supported by the roots, as a tree or other plant. Notwithstanding the violence of the wind, the tree yet stands. 3. To be on its foundation not to be overthrown or demolished as, an old castle is yet standing. 4. To be placed or situated to have a certain position or location. Paris stands on the Seine. London stands on the Thames. 5. To remain upright, in a moral sense not to fall.

To stand or fall, free in thy own arbitrement it lies.

6. To become erect.

Mute and amazd, my hair with horror stood.

7. To stop to halt not to proceed.

I charge thee, stand, and tell thy name.

8. To stop to be at a stationary point.

Say, at what part of nature will they stand?

9. To be in a state of fixedness hence, to continue to endure. Our constitution has stood nearly forty years. It is hoped it will stand for ages.

Commonwealth by virtue ever stood.

10. To be fixed or steady not to vacillate. His mind stands unmoved. 11. To be in or to maintain a posture of resistance or defense. Approach with charged bayonets the enemy will not stand.

The king granted the Jews to stand for their life.  Esther 8 .

12. To be placed with regard to order or rank. Note the letter that stands first in order. Gen. Washington stood highest in public estimation. Christian charity stands first in the rank of gracious affections. 13. To be in particular state to be, emphatically expressed, that is, to be fixed or set the primary sense of the substantive verb. How does the value of wheat stand? God stands in no need of our services, but we always stand in need of his aid and his mercy.

Accomplish what your signs foreshow I stand resignd.

14. To continue unchanged or valid not to fail or become void.

No condition of our peace can stand.

My mercy will I keep for him, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.  Psalms 89 .

15. To consist to have its being and essence.

Sacrifices--which stood only in meats and drinks.  Hebrews 9 .

16. To have a place.

This excellent man, who stood not on the advantage-ground before, provoked men of all qualities.

17. To be in any state. Let us see how our matters stand.

As things now stand with us--

18. To be in particular respect or relation as, to stand godfather to one. We ought to act according to the relation we stand in towards each other. 19. To be, with regard to state of mind.

Stand in awe, and sin not.  Psalms 4 .

20. To succeed to maintain ones ground not to fail to be acquitted to be safe.

Readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall--

21. To hold a course at sea as, to stand from the shore to stand for the harbor.

From the same parts of heavn his navy stands.

22. To have a direction.

The wand did not really stand to the metal, when placed under it.

23. To offer ones self as a candidate.

He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the university.

24. To place ones self to be placed.

I stood between the Lord and you at that time--  Deuteronomy 5 .

25. To stagnate not to flow.

--Or the black water of Pomptina stands.

26. To be satisfied or convinced.

Though Page be a secure fool, and stand so firmly on his wifes frailty--

27. To make delay. I cannot stand to examine every particular. 28. To persist to persevere.

Never stand in a lie when thou art accused.

29. To adhere to abide.

Despair would stand to the sword.

30. To be permanent to endure not to vanish or fade as, the color will stand.

To stand by,

1. To be near to be a spectator to be present. I stood by when the operation was performed. This phrase generally implies that the person is inactive, or takes no part in what is done. In seamens language, to stand by is to attend and be ready. Stand by the haliards. 2. To be aside to be placed aside with disregard.

In the mean time, we let the commands stand by neglected.

3. To maintain to defend to support not to desert. I will stand by my friend to the last. Let us stand by our country. To stand by the Arundelian marbles, in Pope, is to defend or support their genuineness. 4. To rest on for support to be supported.

This reply standeth by conjecture.

To stand for,

1. To offer ones self as a candidate.

How many stand for consulships?--Three.

2. To side with to support to maintain, or to profess or attempt to maintain. We all stand for freedom, for our rights or claims. 3. To be in the place of to be the substitute or representative of. A cipher at the left hand of a figure stands for nothing.

I will not trouble myself, whether these names stand for the same thing, or really include one another.

4. In seamens language, to direct the course towards.

To stand from, to direct the course from.

To stand one in, to cost. The coat stands him in twenty dollars.

To stand in, or stand in for, in seamens language, is to direct a course towards land or a harbor.

To stand off,

1. To keep at a distance. 2. Not to comply. 3. To keep at a distance in friendship or social intercourse to forbear intimacy.

We stand off from an acquaintance with God.

4. To appear prominent to have relief.

Picture is best when it standeth off, as if it were carved.

To stand off, or off from, in seamens language, is to direct the course from land.

To stand off and on, is to sail towards land and then from it.

To stand out,

1. To project to be prominent.

Their eyes stand out with fatness.  Psalms 73 .

2. To persist in opposition or resistance not to yield or comply not to give way or recede.

His spirit is come in, that so stood out against the holy church.

3. With seamen, to direct the course from land or a harbor.

To stand to,

1. To ply to urge efforts to persevere.

Stand to your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars.

2. To remain fixed in a purpose or opinion.

I still stand to it, that this is his sense.

3. To abide by to adhere as to a contract, assertion, promise, &c. as, to stand to an award to stand to ones word. 4. Not to yield not to fly to maintain the ground.

Their lives and fortunes were put in safety, whether they stood to it or ran away.

To stand to sea, to direct the course from land.

To stand under, to undergo to sustain.

To stand up,

1. To rise from sitting to be on the feet. 2. To arise in order to gain notice.

Against whom when the accusers stood up, they brought no accusation of such things as I supposed.  Acts 25 .

3. To make a party.

When we stood up about the corn--

To stand up for, to defend to justify to support, or attempt to support as, to stand up for the administration.

To stand upon,

1. To concern to interest. Does it not stand upon them to examine the grounds of their opinion? This phrase is, I believe, obsolete but we say, it stands us in hand, that is, it is our concern, it is for our interest. 2. To value to pride.

We highly esteem and stand much upon our birth.

3. To insist as, to stand upon security.

To stand with, to be consistent. The faithful servants of God will receive what they pray for, so far as stands with his purposes and glory.

It stands with reason that they should be rewarded liberally.

To stand together, is used, but the last two phrases are not in very general use, and are perhaps growing obsolete.

To stand against, to oppose to resist.

To stand fast, to be fixed to be unshaken or immovable.

To stand in hand, to be important to ones interest to be necessary or advantageous. It stands us in hand to be on good terms with our neighbors.


1. To endure to sustain to bear. I cannot stand the cold or the heat. 2. To endure to resist without yielding or receding.

So had I stood the shock of angry fat.

He stood the furious foe.

3. To await to suffer to abide by.

Bid him disband the legions--and stand the judgment of a Roman senate.

To stand ones ground, to deep the ground or station one has taken to maintain ones position in a literal or figurative sense as, an army stands its ground, when it is not compelled to retreat. A man stands his ground in an argument, when he is able to maintain it, or is not refuted.

To stand it, to bear to be able to endure or to maintain ones ground or state a popular phrase.

To stand trial, is to sustain the trial or examination of a cause not to give up without trial.


1. A stop a halt as, to make a stand to come to a stand, either in walking or in any progressive business.

The horse made a stand, when he charged them and routed them.

2. A station a place or post where one stands or a place convenient for persons to remain for any purpose. The sellers of fruit have their several stands in the market.

I took my stand upon an eminence.

3. Rank post station.

Father, since your fortune did attain so high a stand, I mean not to descend.

In lieu of this, standing is now used. He is a man of high standing in his own country.

4. The act of opposing.

We have come off like Romans neither foolish in our stands, nor cowardly in retire.

5. The highest point or the ultimate point of progression, where a stop is made, and regressive motion commences. The population of the world will not come to a stand, while the means of subsistence can be obtained. The prosperity of the Roman empire came to a stand in the reign of Augustus after which it declined.

Vice is at stand, and at the highest flow.

6. A young tree, usually reserved when the other trees are cut. English. 7. A small table as a candle-stand or any frame on which vessels and utensils may be laid. 8. In commerce, a weight of from two hundred and a half to three hundred of pitch. 9. Something on which a thing rests or is laid as a hay-stand.

Stand of arms, in military affairs, a musket with its usual appendages, as a bayonet, cartridge box, &c.

To be at a stand, to stop on account of some doubt or difficulty hence, to be perplexed to be embarrassed to hesitate what to determine, or what to do.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words [2]

A. Verbs.

Nâtsab ( נָצַב , Strong'S #5324), “to stand, station, set up, erect.” Found in both ancient and modern Hebrew, this word goes back at least to ancient Ugaritic. It is found approximately 75 times in the Hebrew Bible. Its first occurrence in the Old Testament is in Gen. 18:2: “… Three men stood by him.…”

There are various ways of standing. One may “stand” for a definite purpose at a particular spot: “… Wait for him by the river’s brink …” (Exod. 7:15, RSV; literally, “stand by the river’s bank”). One often stands upright: “… And stood every man at his tent door …” (Exod. 33:8); “… my sheaf arose, and also stood upright …” (Gen. 37:7). One who is “stationed” in a position is usually over someone else: “And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers [literally, “those standing over”] …” (1 Kings 4:5). “To stand” something may be “to erect” something: “And Jacob set up a pillar …” (Gen. 35:14). The waters of the Sea of Reeds were said to “stand as a heap” (Ps. 78:13). To fix a boundary is “to establish or erect” a boundary marker (Deut. 32:8).

‛Âmad ( עָמַד , Strong'S #5975), “to take one’s stand; stand here or be there; stand still.” Outside biblical Hebrew, where it occurs about 520 times and in all periods, this verb is attested only in Akkadian (“to stand, lean on”). A word spelled the same way appears in Arabic, but it means “to strive after.”

The basic meaning of this verb is “to stand upright.” This is its meaning in Gen. 18:8, its first biblical occurrence. It is what a soldier does while on watch (2 Sam. 18:30). From this basic meaning comes the meaning “to be established, immovable, and standing upright” on a single spot; the soles of the priests’ feet “rested” (stood still, unmoving) in the waters of the Jordan (Josh. 3:13). Also, the sun and the moon “stood still” at Joshua’s command (Josh. 10:13). Idols “stand upright” in one spot, never moving. The suggestion here is that they never do anything that is expected of living things (Isa. 46:7). ‛Âmad may be used of the existence of a particular experience. In 2 Sam. 21:18 there “was” ( hayah ) war again, while in 1 Chron. 20:4 war “existed” or “arose” ( ‛âmad )—again. Cultically (with reference to the formal worship activities) this verb is used of approaching the altar to make a sacrifice. It describes the last stage of this approaching, “to stand finally and officially” before the altar (before God; cf. Deut. 4:11). Such standing is not just a standing still doing nothing but includes all that one does in ministering before God (Num. 16:9).

In other contexts ‛âmad is used as the opposite of verbs indicating various kinds of movement. The psalmist praises the man who does not walk (behave according to) in the counsel of the ungodly or “stand” (serve) in the path of the sinful (Ps. 1:1). Laban told Abraham not “to stand” (remain stationary, not entering) outside his dwelling but to come in (Gen. 24:31). The verb can suggest “immovable,” or not being able to be moved. So the “house of the righteous shall stand” (Prov. 12:7). Yet another nuance appears in Ps. 102:26, which teaches the indestructibility and/or eternity of God— the creation perishes but He “shalt endure [will ever stand].” This is not the changelessness of doing nothing or standing physically upright, but the changelessness of ever-existing being, a quality that only God has in Himself. All other existing depends upon Him; the creation and all creatures are perishable. In a more limited sense the man who does not die as the result of a blow “stands,” or remains alive (Exod. 21:21). In a military context “to stand” refers to gaining a victory: “Behold, two kings stood not before him: how then shall we stand?” (2 Kings 10:4; cf. Judg. 2:14)—.

‛Âmad can be used of the ever unchanged content and/or existence of a document (Jer. 32:14), a city (1 Kings 15:4), a people (Isa. 66:22), and a divine worship (Ps. 19:9).

Certain prepositions sometimes give this verb special meanings. Jeroboam “ordained” (made to stand, to minister) priests in Bethel (1 Kings 12:32). With “to” the verb can signify being in a certain place to accomplish a predesignated task—so Moses said that certain tribes should “stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people” (Deut. 27:12). With this same preposition this verb can be used judicially of (1) the act of being in court, or standing before a judge (1 Kings 3:16), and (2) the position (whether literal or figurative) assumed by a judge when pronouncing the sentence (Ezek. 44:24) or delivering judgment (Isa. 3:13; cf. Exod. 17:6). With the preposition “before” ‛âmad is used to describe the service of a servant before a master—so Joshua “stood” before Moses (Deut. 1:38). This is not inactivity but activity.

In Neh. 8:5 the verb means “to stand up or rise up”; when Ezra opened the book, all the people “stood up” (cf. Dan. 12:13).

The Septuagint renders ‛âmad usually with a verb meaning “to stand” and, where the contexts show it refers to temporal standing, with verbs meaning “to abide or remain.”

B. Nouns.

‛Ammûd ( עַמֻּד , Strong'S #5982), “pillar; standing place.” The noun ‛ammûd occurs 111 times and usually signifies something that stands upright like a “pillar” (Exod. 26:32; Judg. 16:25). It may occasionally refer to a “standing place” (2 Kings 11:14).

Several other nouns are derived from the verb ’amad .— ‘Omed occurs 9 times and refers to “standing places” (2 Chron. 30:16). ‘Emdah means “standing ground” once (Mic. 1:11). Ma’amad , which occurs 5 times, refers to “service” in 2 Chron. 9:4 and to “office or function” (in someone’s service) in 1 Chron. 23:28. Ma’omad occurs once to mean “standing place” or “foothold” (Ps. 69:2).

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( v. i.) A state of perplexity or embarrassment; as, to be at a stand what to do.

(2): ( v. i.) A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds, - used in weighing pitch.

(3): ( v. i.) A small table; also, something on or in which anything may be laid, hung, or placed upright; as, a hat stand; an umbrella stand; a music stand.

(4): ( v. i.) A young tree, usually reserved when other trees are cut; also, a tree growing or standing upon its own root, in distinction from one produced from a scion set in a stock, either of the same or another kind of tree.

(5): ( v. i.) A place where a witness stands to testify in court.

(6): ( v. i.) To be, or signify that one is, willing to play with one's hand as dealt.

(7): ( v. i.) A place or post where one stands; a place where one may stand while observing or waiting for something.

(8): ( v. i.) Rank; post; station; standing.

(9): ( v. i.) The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.; as, a good, bad, or convenient stand for business.

(10): ( n.) To occupy or hold a place; to have a situation; to be situated or located; as, Paris stands on the Seine.

(11): ( n.) To be consistent; to agree; to accord.

(12): ( v. i.) A station in a city or town where carriages or wagons stand for hire; as, a cab stand.

(13): ( n.) To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an upright or firm position

(14): ( n.) To be supported on the feet, in an erect or nearly erect position; - opposed to lie, sit, kneel, etc.

(15): ( n.) To continue upright in a certain locality, as a tree fixed by the roots, or a building resting on its foundation.

(16): ( v. i.) A raised platform or station where a race or other outdoor spectacle may be viewed; as, the judge's or the grand stand at a race course.

(17): ( n.) To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause; to halt; to remain stationary.

(18): ( n.) To remain without ruin or injury; to hold good against tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to endure; to last; hence, to find endurance, strength, or resources.

(19): ( n.) To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe.

(20): ( n.) To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition.

(21): ( n.) To adhere to fixed principles; to maintain moral rectitude; to keep from falling into error or vice.

(22): ( n.) To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation; as, Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts.

(23): ( n.) To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist.

(24): ( v. t.) To endure; to sustain; to bear; as, I can not stand the cold or the heat.

(25): ( n.) To hold a course at sea; as, to stand from the shore; to stand for the harbor.

(26): ( n.) To offer one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate.

(27): ( n.) To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless.

(28): ( n.) To measure when erect on the feet.

(29): ( n.) To be or remain as it is; to continue in force; to have efficacy or validity; to abide.

(30): ( n.) To appear in court.

(31): ( v. t.) To resist, without yielding or receding; to withstand.

(32): ( v. t.) To abide by; to submit to; to suffer.

(33): ( v. t.) To set upright; to cause to stand; as, to stand a book on the shelf; to stand a man on his feet.

(34): ( v. t.) To be at the expense of; to pay for; as, to stand a treat.

(35): ( v. i.) The act of standing.

(36): ( v. i.) A halt or stop for the purpose of defense, resistance, or opposition; as, to come to, or to make, a stand.