Eliashib

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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [1]

Eliashib . 1. The high priest who was contemporary with Nehemiah. He was son of Joiakim, grandson of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, the contemporary of Zerubbabel (  Nehemiah 12:10 ,   Ezra 3:1 ), and father of Joiada (  Nehemiah 12:10;   Nehemiah 13:28 ). He assisted in the rebuilding of the walls of Jerus, during Nehemiah’s governorship (  Nehemiah 3:1 ). He can have had no sympathy with the exclusive policy of Ezra and Nehemiah, for both he himself and members of his family allied themselves with the leading foreign opponents of Nehemiah. See Joiada, No. 2, Tobiah, and Sanballat. 2. A singer of the time of Ezra, who had married a foreign wife (  Ezra 10:24 ); called in   Esther 9:24  Esther 9:24 Eliasibus . 3. An Israelite of the family of Zattu (  Ezra 10:27; in 1E  Esther 9:28 Eliasimus ); and 4. another of the family of Bani (  Ezra 10:36; called in 1Es 9:34 Enasibus ), who had married foreign wives. 5. A son of Elioenai (  1 Chronicles 3:24 ). 6. The name of a priestly house (  1 Chronicles 24:12 ). 7. Father of Jehohanan, to whose chamber in the Temple Ezra resorted (  Ezra 10:6 ); possibly identical with No. 1.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [2]

1.  1 Chronicles 24:12.

2.  1 Chronicles 3:24.

3. High priest when Nehemiah rebuilt the walls ( Nehemiah 3:1-20-21). Energetic in building the sheepgate, sanctifying and setting up its doors; but relationship to Tobiah the Ammonite outweighed regard for the sanctity of the temple. Nehemiah was angry with him for preparing a room therein for his pagan connection ( Nehemiah 13:4-7), in opposition to God's prohibition ( Deuteronomy 23:3-4). His grandson too had married the pagan Horonite Sanballat's daughter ( Nehemiah 13:28). Ungodly alliances are a snare to religious professors ( 2 Corinthians 6:14-18;  Matthew 10:37). "Therefore (says Nehemiah) I chased him from me. Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood and the covenant of the priesthood." His genealogy is given ( Nehemiah 12:10;  Nehemiah 12:22), see  Ezra 10:6.

4.  Ezra 10:24.

5.  Ezra 10:27.

6.  Ezra 10:36.

Smith's Bible Dictionary [3]

Eli'ashib. (Whom God Restores).

1. A priest, in the time of King David, eleventh in the order of the "governors" of the sanctuary.  1 Chronicles 24:12.

2. One of the latest descendants, of the royal family of Judah.  1 Chronicles 3:24.

3. High priest at Jerusalem, at the time of the rebuilding of the walls under Nehemiah.  Nehemiah 3:1;  Nehemiah 3:20-21. (B.C. 446).

4. A singer, in the time of Ezra, who had married a foreign wife.  Ezra 10:24.

5. A son of Zattu,  Ezra 10:27, and

6. A son of Bani,  Ezra 10:36, both ( Eliashib, 5 and Eliashib, 6 ) of whom had transgressed, in the same manner as Eliashib, 4 . (B.C. 458).

Holman Bible Dictionary [4]

 1 Chronicles 3:24 2 1 Chronicles 24:12 3 Nehemiah 3:1 Nehemiah 3:20 Nehemiah 12:10 Nehemiah 13:28 Ezra 10:6 4 Nehemiah 13:4-9 Ezra 10:6 5 Ezra 10:24 6 Ezra 10:27 10:36

Easton's Bible Dictionary [5]

  • A high priest in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 12:22,23 ). He rebuilt the eastern city wall (3:1), his own mansion being in that quarter, on the ridge Ophel (3:20,21). His indulgence of Tobiah the Ammonite provoked the indignation of ( Nehemiah 13:4,7 ).

    Copyright Statement These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., DD Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.

    Bibliography Information Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Eliashib'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/e/eliashib.html. 1897.

  • Morrish Bible Dictionary [6]

    1. Headof the eleventh course of priests.  1 Chronicles 24:12 .

    2. Son of Elioenai, a descendant of the royal house of Judah.  1 Chronicles 3:24 .

    3. High priest at Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah. He was allied to Tobiah, for whom he unfaithfully prepared a chamber in the courts of the temple.  Ezra 10:6;  Nehemiah 3:1,20,21;  Nehemiah 12:10,22,23;  Nehemiah 13:4,7,28 .

    4-6. Three who had married strange wives.  Ezra 10:24,27,36 .

    American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [7]

    A high priest in the days of Nehemiah, who took part in rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem,  Nehemiah 3:1 . The same person probably was afterwards censured for profaning the temple, by giving the use of one of its chambers to a heathen and an Ammonite, his relative,  Deuteronomy 23:3,4   Nehemiah 12:10   13:1-9 .

    Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [8]

    (Hebrew Elyashib', אֶלְיָשַׁיב , whom God Will Restore; Sept. Ε᾿Λιασεβών , Ε᾿Λιαβί , Ε᾿Λιασείβ , Ελιασούβ , etc.; Josephus Ε᾿Λιάσιβος; (Vulg. Eliasub, Eliasib ), a common name of Israelites, especially at the later period of the O.T. history.

    1. A priest in the time of king David; head of the eleventh "course" in the order of the "governors" ( שָׂדִיס ) of the sanctuary ( 1 Chronicles 24:12). B.C. 1013.

    2. A Levitical singer who repudiated his Gentile wife after the exile ( Ezra 10:24). B.C. 458.

    3. An Israelite of the lineage of Zattu, who did the same ( Ezra 10:27). B.C. 458.

    4. An Israelite of the lineage of Bani, who did the same ( Ezra 10:36). B.C. 458.

    5. The high-priest of the Jews in the time of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 12:28). B.C. 446. With the assistance of his fellow-priests, he rebuilt the eastern city wall adjoining the Temple ( Nehemiah 3:1). His own extensive mansion was doubtless situated in the same vicinity, probably on the ridge Ophel (Nehemiah in, 20,21). (See Jerusalem).

    Eliashib was in some way allied ( קָיוֹב =near) to Tobiah the Ammonite, for whom he had prepared an ante-room in the Temple, a desecration which excited the pious indignation of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 13:4;  Nehemiah 13:7). One of the grandsons of Eliashib had also married the daughter of Sanballat the Horonite ( Nehemiah 13:28). There seems no reason to doubt that the same Eliashib is referred to in  Ezra 10:6, as the father of Johanan, who occupied an apartment in the Temple (comp. Josephus, Ant. 11:5, 4). He is evidently the same with the son of Joiakim and father of Joiada (Josephus, "Judas," Ant. 11:7, 1), in the succession of high-priests ( Nehemiah 12:10;  Nehemiah 12:22). (See High-Priest).

    6. A son of Elioenai, and member of the latest family of the lineage of Zerubbabel, mentioned in the Old Test. ( 1 Chronicles 3:24). B.C. 406.

    International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [9]

    ē̇ - lı̄´a - shib ( אלישׁיב , 'elyāshı̄bh , "God restores"):

    (1) A descendant of David ( 1 Chronicles 3:24 ).

    (2) Head of the eleventh course of priests ( 1 Chronicles 24:12 ).

    (3) The high priest in the time of Nehemiah. He, with his brethren the priests, helped in the rebuilding of the wall ( Nehemiah 3:1 ). But later he was "allied unto Tobiah" the Ammonite ( Nehemiah 13:4 ) and allowed that enemy of Nehemiah the use of a great chamber in the temple ( Nehemiah 13:5 ); and one of his grandsons, a son of Joiada, married a daughter of Sanballat the Horonite and was for this expelled from the community by Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 13:28 ). See Sanballat .

    (4, 5, 6) three Israelites, one a "singer," who had married foreign wives ( Ezra 10:24 ,  Ezra 10:27 ,  Ezra 10:36 ).

    (7) Father of Jehohanan ( Ezra 10:6 ); probably identical with (3) above. Called Eliasib in 1 Esdras 9:1.

    References