Unleavened Bread

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Holman Bible Dictionary [1]

 Genesis 19:3 Judges 6:19 1 Samuel 28:24 Exodus 12:8 12:15 12:20 Exodus 13:3 13:6-7ExodusFestivalsPassover

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [2]

Unleavened Bread . See Bread, Leaven, Passover.

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament [3]

See Passover.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [4]

( מִצָּה , Ἄζυμος ) , bread baked from unfermented dough. The Hebrews early knew the art of raising bread by means of leaven ( חָמֵוֹ שְׂאֹר , Ζ῎Ύμη ; on the various ancient kinds of this see Pliny, 18:26) prepared from the dregs or yeast of' wine, or from a mixture of flour and water, which spontaneously ferments if allowed to stand, and which may, either moist or dried, be preserved for a considerable period for this purpose (Mishna, Pesach, 3, 1; Challa, 1, 7; comp. Harmer, Observ. 3, 65). Sometimes they baked bread without being leavened, especially when in paste ( Genesis 19:3;  Judges 6:19;  1 Samuel 28:24), as the modern Bedawin regularly do (Arvieux, 3, 227). This was formally presented for the paschal cakes ( מִצּוֹת ,  Exodus 12:8;  Exodus 12:15;  Exodus 12:20;  Exodus 13:3;  Exodus 13:6 sq.); and this fact became a symbol of the festival which thence was popularly designated as "the feast of unleavened bread." (See Passover). In fact, the Jews were expressly prohibited from all use of leaven during the seven days of its continuance, and even from having any leaven in their houses for all that time ( Exodus 12:19;  Exodus 13:7; comp.  1 Corinthians 5:7); so that they were obliged to seek and carefully remove all traces of: it on the eve of the 14th of Nisan (see Pesach, 1-3; Sch Ö ttgen, Hor. Hebr. 1, 598)., They usually burned it (Pesach, 2, 1), but not in an oven; and were so scrupulous as not even to allow domestic animals to eat it during that period (ibid.). The sacrificial cakes of the meat-offering were also required to contain no leaven ( Exodus 29:2;  Leviticus 2:11;  Numbers 6:15;  Numbers 6:19; comp.  Amos 4:5; Mishna, Menac. 5, 1, Pesach, 1, 5; see Otho, Lex. Rabb. p. 227: a similar usage prevailed in the Roman ritual; see Plutarch, Quaest. Rom. 109; comp. Casaubon, on Pers. Sat. i); on the other hand, the Pentecostal loaves, which represented the usual food of men, were leavened ( Leviticus 23:17). Also the cakes which served as a basis (perhaps by way of platter) for the thank-offering were baked with leaven ( Leviticus 7:13). (See Bread); (See Leaven).