From BiblePortal Wikipedia

King James Dictionary [1]

The, an adjective or definitive adjective.

1. This adjective is used as a definitive, that is, before nouns which are specific or understood or it is used to limit their signification to a specific thing or things, or to describe them as the laws of the twelve tables. The independent tribunals of justice in our country, are the security or private rights,and the best bulwark against arbitrary power. The sun is the source of light and heat.

This he calls the preaching of the cross.

2. The is also used rhetorically before a noun in the singular number, to denote a species by way of distinction a single thing representing the whole. The fig tree putteth forth her green figs the almond tree shall flourish the grasshopper shall be a burden. 3. In poetry, the sometimes loses the final vowel before another vowel.

Th' adorning thee with so much art,

Is but a barb'rous skill.

4. The is used before adjectives in the comparative and superlative degree. The longer we continue in sin, the more difficult it is to reform. The most strenuous exertions will be used to emancipate Greece. The most we can do is to submit the best we can do the worst that can happen.

Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): ( v. i.) See Thee.

(2): ( definite article.) A word placed before nouns to limit or individualize their meaning.

(3): ( adv.) By that; by how much; by so much; on that account; - used before comparatives; as, the longer we continue in sin, the more difficult it is to reform.