From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [1]

Terebinth does not occur at all in AV [Note: Authorized Version.] , and only thrice in RV [Note: Revised Version.] , being substituted in   Isaiah 6:13 for ‘tail tree,’ in   Hosea 4:13 for ‘ elm ,’ and in Sir 24:16 for ‘ turpentine tree.’ Strong reasons, however, can be urged for rendering by ‘terebinth’ in a great many instances where EV [Note: English Version.] has ‘oak’ (see Oak). The terebinth or turpentine tree ( Sir 24:16 ) Pistacia terebinthus , the butm of the Arabs is one of the most imposing trees in Palestine. In almost every locality where it is allowed to attain its full growth 30 to 40 feet high it is associated with a sacred tomb or grove: many such groves are still deeply venerated in Galilee. Dwarfed trees occur everywhere among the oak brushwood. The tree has pinnate, lancet-shaped leaves and small reddish clusters like immature grape clusters; it is also often covered with curious red galls like pieces of coral. The dark overhanging foliage affords a grateful shade in summer, but in autumn the leaves change colour and fall off. Cf. Mamre.

E. W. G. Masterman.

Holman Bible Dictionary [2]

elah   2 Samuel 18:9 Isaiah 1:30 Isaiah 6:13 Hosea 4:13 Ezekiel 6:13 Genesis 35:4 Joshua 24:26 Judges 6:11 1 Kings 13:14

Easton's Bible Dictionary [3]

 Deuteronomy 11:30Oak

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [4]

See Oak .

Webster's Dictionary [5]

(n.) The turpentine tree.

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [6]

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [7]

ter´ḗ - binth  : (1) אלח , 'ēlāh (  Isaiah 6:13 , the King James Version "teil tree";  Hosea 4:13 , the King James Version "elms"); in  Genesis 35:4 (the King James Version "oak");   Judges 6:11 ,  Judges 6:19;  Judges 9:6 (the King James Version "plain");   2 Samuel 18:9 ,  2 Samuel 18:10 ,  2 Samuel 18:14;  1 Kings 13:14;  1 Chronicles 10:12;  Isaiah 1:30;  Ezekiel 6:13 , translated "oak," and in margin "terebinth"; "vale of Elah," margin "the terebinth" in  1 Samuel 17:2 ,  1 Samuel 17:19;  1 Samuel 21:9 . (2) אלים , 'ēlı̄m ( Isaiah 1:29 , "oaks," margin "terebinths"). (3) אלּה , 'allāh ( Joshua 24:26 , English Versions of the Bible have "oak," but the Septuagint τερέβινθος , terébinthos ). (4) אלון , 'ēlōn , "oak (margin, "terebinth") of Zaanannim" ( Joshua 19:33;  Judges 4:11 ); "oak (the Revised Version margin "terebinth," the King James Version "plain") of Tabor" ( 1 Samuel 10:3 ); also  Genesis 12:6;  Genesis 13:18;  Genesis 14:13;  1 Samuel 10:3;  Deuteronomy 11:30;  Judges 6:19 all translated "oak" or "oaks," with margin "terebinth" or "terebinths." (5) In   Genesis 14:6 Septuagint has τερέβινθος , terébinthos , as the translation of the el of El-paran. (6) In Ecclesiasticus 24:16 τερέμ (ρ Ο2 βπ )ινθος , terém ( b ) inthos , the King James Version turpentine tree," the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth."

It is clear that the translators are uncertain which translation is correct, and it would seem not improbable that then there was no clear distinction between oak and terebinth in the minds of the Old Testament. writers; yet the two are very different trees to any but the most superficial observation.

The terebinth - Pistacia terebinthus (Natural Order, Anacardiaceae ), Arabic Buṭm - is a tree allied to the P. vera , which produces the pistachio nut, and to the familiar "pepper tree" ( Schinus molle ) so extensively cultivated in modern Palestine. Like the latter the terebinth has red berries, like small immature grapes. The leaves are pinnate, four to six pairs, and they change color and fall in autumn, leaving the trunk bare (compare   Isaiah 1:30 ). The terebinth is liable to be infected by many showy galls, some varieties looking like pieces of red coral. In Palestine, this tree assumes noble proportions, especially in situations when, from its association with some sacred tomb, it is allowed to flourish undisturbed. It is in such situations not infrequently as much as 40 ft. high and spreads its branches, with their thick, dark-green foliage, over a wide area (compare  2 Samuel 18:9 f, 14; Ecclesiasticus 24:16). Dwarfed trees occur among the brushwood all over the land.

From this tree a kind of turpentine is obtained, hence, the alternative name "turpentine tree" ( Sirach 24:16 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "terebinth").

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [8]

Bibliography Information McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Terebinth'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/t/terebinth.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.