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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

"to let, permit," is translated "to suffer" in  Matthew 24:43;  Luke 4:41;  22:51;  Acts 14:16;  16:7;  19:30;  28:4;  1—Corinthians 10:13 . See LEAVE (a) No. 9, LET, No. 4.

A — 2: Προσεάω (Strong'S #4330 — Verb — proseao — pros-eh-ah'-o )

"to permit further" (pros, and No. 1), occurs in  Acts 27:7 .

A — 3: Ἐπιτρέπω (Strong'S #2010 — Verb — epitrepo — ep-ee-trep'-o )

for which see Leave , (b), is rendered "to suffer" in AV and RV in  Matthew 8:21;  Mark 10:4;  Luke 9:59;  Acts 28:16; RV only,  Luke 9:61 (AV, "let"); AV only,   Acts 21:39; in some texts,  Matthew 8:31 , AV only. See Liberty , C, Note, Permit.

A — 4: Ἀφίημι (Strong'S #863 — Verb — aphiemi — af-ee'-ay-mee )

"to send away," signifies "to permit, suffer," in  Matthew 3:15 (twice);   Matthew 19:14;  23:13;  Mark 1:34;  5:19,37;  10:14;  11:16;  Luke 8:51;  12:39 , AV (RV, "left"); 18:16;  John 12:7 , RV, AV and RV marg., "let (her) alone;"  Revelation 11:9 . See Forgive.

Notes: (1) In  Acts 2:27;  13:35 , AV, didomi, "to give" (RV), is rendered "to suffer." (2) In  1—Corinthians 6:7 , AV, apostereo, in the Passive Voice, is rendered "suffer yourselves to be defrauded" (RV, "be defrauded"). (3) For koluo in  Hebrews 7:23 , AV, "were not suffered," see Hinder. * (b) to endure suffering

A — 5: Ἀνέχω (Strong'S #430 — Verb — anecho — an-ekh'-om-ahee )

in the Middle Voice, "to bear with," is rendered "to suffer" in  Matthew 17:17 and parallel passages; AV only,   1—Corinthians 4:12 (RV, "endure");   2—Corinthians 11:19,20 and   Hebrews 13:22 (RV, "bear with"). See Bear , Endure.

A — 6: Πάσχω (Strong'S #3958 — Verb — pascho — pas'-kho, path'-o, pen'-tho )

"to suffer," is used (I) of the "sufferings" of Christ (a) at the hands of men, e.g.,  Matthew 16:21;  17:12;  1—Peter 2:23; (b) in His expiatory and vicarious sacrifice for sin,  Hebrews 9:26;  13:12;  1—Peter 2:21;  3:18;  4:1; (c) including both (a) and (b),  Luke 22:15;  24:26,46;  Acts 1:3 , "passion;" 3:18; 17:3;  Hebrews 5:8; (d) by the antagonism of the evil one,  Hebrews 2:18; (II) of human "suffering "(a) of followers of Christ,  Acts 9:16;  2—Corinthians 1:6;  Galatians 3:4;  Philippians 1:29;  1—Thessalonians 2:14;  2—Thessalonians 1:5;  2—Timothy 1:12;  1—Peter 3:14,17;  5:10;  Revelation 2:10; in identification with Christ in His crucifixion, as the spiritual ideal to be realized,  1—Peter 4:1; in a wrong way,  1—Peter 4:15; (b) of others, physically, as the result of demoniacal power,  Matthew 17:15 , RV, "suffereth (grievously)," AV, "is (sore) vexed;" cp.  Mark 5:26; in a dream,  Matthew 27:19; through maltreatment,  Luke 13:2;  1—Peter 2:19,20; by a serpent (negatively),  Acts 28:5 , RV, "took" (AV, "felt:" see Feel , Note); (c) of the effect upon the whole body through the "suffering" of one member,  1—Corinthians 12:26 , with application to a church.

A — 7: Προπάσχω (Strong'S #4310 — Verb — propascho — prop-as'-kho )

"to suffer before" (pro, and No. 2), occurs in  1—Thessalonians 2:2 .

A — 8: Συμπάσχω (Strong'S #4841 — Verb — sumpascho — soom-pas'-kho )

"to suffer with" (sun, and No. 2), is used in  Romans 8:17 of "suffering" with Christ; in   1—Corinthians 12:26 of joint "suffering" in the members of the body.

A — 9: Ὑπέχω (Strong'S #5254 — Verb — hupecho — hoop-ekh'-o )

"to hold under" (hupo, "under," echo, "to have or hold"), is used metaphorically in  Jude 1:7 of "suffering" punishment. In the Sept.,   Psalm 89:50;  Lamentations 5:7 .

A — 10: Κακουχέω (Strong'S #2558 — Verb — kakoucheo — kak-oo-kheh'-o )

"to ill-treat" (kakos, "evil," and echo, "to have"), is used in the Passive Voice in  Hebrews 11:37 , RV, "evil entreated" (AV, "tormented"); in  Hebrews 13:3 , RV, "are evil entreated" (AV, "suffer adversity").

A — 11: Συγκακουχέομαι (Strong'S #4778 — Verb — sunkakoucheomai — soong-kak-oo-kheh'-o )

"to endure adversity with," is used in  Hebrews 11:25 (sun, "with," and No. 6), RV, "to be evil entreated with," AV, "to suffer affliction with."

A — 12: Μακροθυμέω (Strong'S #3114 — Verb — makrothumeo — mak-roth-oo-meh'-o )

is rendered "suffereth long" in  1—Corinthians 13:4 . See Patience.

A — 13: Ἀδικέω (Strong'S #91 — Verb — adikeo — ad-ee-keh'-o )

"to do wrong, injustice" (a, negative, dike, "right"), is used in the Passive Voice in  2—Peter 2:13 , RV, "suffering wrong" (some texts have komizo, "to receive," AV); there is a play upon words here which may be brought out thus, "being defrauded (of the wages of fraud)," a use of the verb illustrated in the papyri. See Hurt.

Notes: (1) In  1—Corinthians 9:12 , AV, stego, "to bear up under," is translated "suffer" (RV, "bear"); see Bear , No. 11. (2) For hupomeno, rendered "to suffer" in  2—Timothy 2:12 , see Endure , No. 2. (3) For "suffer hardship, suffer trouble," see Hardship , Nos. 1 and 2. (4) For "suffer need,"  Philippians 4:12 , see Want. (5) For "suffer loss,"   2—Corinthians 7:9 , RV, see Lose , No. 2. (6) For "suffer persecution," see PRESECUTION. (7) For "suffer shipwreck," see Shipwreck. (8) For tropophoreo in   Acts 13:18 , "suffered ... manners," see Manner , E. (9) For "sufferth voilence," biazo, see Force , B, No. 1, Voilence, B No. 2. (10) In  2—Thessalonians 1:9 , RV, tino, "to pay a penalty," is rendered "shall suffer (punishment)."

B — 1: Παθητός (Strong'S #3805 — Adjective — pathetos — path-ay-tos' )

akin to pascho, denotes "one who has suffered," or "subject to suffering," or "destined to suffer;" it is used in the last sense of the "suffering" of Christ,  Acts 26:23 .

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Bibliography Information Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Suffer'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

King James Dictionary [2]

SUF'FER, suffero sub, under, and fero, to bear as we say, to undergo.

1. To feel or bear what is painful, disagreeable or distressing, either to the body or mind to undergo. We suffer pain of body we suffer grief of mind. The criminal suffers punishment the sinner suffers the pangs of conscience in this life, and is condemned to suffer the wrath of an offended God. We often suffer wrong we suffer abuse we suffer injustice. 2. To endure to support to sustain not to sink under.

Our spirit and strength entire,

Strongly to suffer and support our pains.

3. To allow to permit not to forbid or hinder. Will you suffer yourself to be insulted?

I suffer them to enter and possess.

Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbor, and not suffer sin upon him. Lex 19

4. To undergo to be affected by. Substances suffer an entire change by the action of fire, or by entering into new combinations. 5. To sustain to be affected by as, to suffer loss or damage.

SUF'FER,v.i. To feel or undergo pain of body or mind to bear what is inconvenient. We suffer with pain, sickness or sorrow. We suffer with anxiety. We suffer by evils past and by anticipating others to come. We suffer from fear and from disappointed hopes.

1. To undergo, as punishment.

The father was first condemned to suffer on a day appointed,and the son afterwards, the day following.

2. To be injured to sustain loss or damage. A building suffers for want of seasonable repairs. It is just that we should suffer for neglect of duty.

Public business suffers by private infirmities.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( v. t.) To feel, or endure, with pain, annoyance, etc.; to submit to with distress or grief; to undergo; as, to suffer pain of body, or grief of mind.

(2): ( v. t.) To undergo; to be affected by; to sustain; to experience; as, most substances suffer a change when long exposed to air and moisture; to suffer loss or damage.

(3): ( v. t.) To allow; to permit; not to forbid or hinder; to tolerate.

(4): ( v. i.) To feel or undergo pain of body or mind; to bear what is inconvenient; as, we suffer from pain, sickness, or sorrow; we suffer with anxiety.

(5): ( v. t.) To endure or undergo without sinking; to support; to sustain; to bear up under.

(6): ( v. i.) To be injured; to sustain loss or damage.

(7): ( v. i.) To undergo punishment; specifically, to undergo the penalty of death.