From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): ( n.) The hide of an animal, separated from the body, whether green, dry, or tanned; especially, that of a small animal, as a calf, sheep, or goat.

(2): ( n.) That part of a sail, when furled, which remains on the outside and covers the whole.

(3): ( v. t.) To strip of money or property; to cheat.

(4): ( n.) The external membranous integument of an animal.

(5): ( n.) The covering, as of planking or iron plates, outside the framing, forming the sides and bottom of a vessel; the shell; also, a lining inside the framing.

(6): ( n.) A vessel made of skin, used for holding liquids. See Bottle, 1.

(7): ( n.) The bark or husk of a plant or fruit; the exterior coat of fruits and plants.

(8): ( v. t.) To strip off the skin or hide of; to flay; to peel; as, to skin an animal.

(9): ( v. i.) To produce, in recitation, examination, etc., the work of another for one's own, or to use in such exercise cribs, memeoranda, etc., which are prohibited.

(10): ( v. i.) To become covered with skin; as, a wound skins over.

(11): ( v. t.) To cover with skin, or as with skin; hence, to cover superficially.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [2]

1: Ἀσκός (Strong'S #779 — Noun Masculine — askos — as-kos' )

"a leather bottle, wineskin," occurs in  Matthew 9:17 (four times);   Mark 2:22 (four times);   Luke 5:37 (three times),38; in each place, RV, "wineskins" or "skins," for AV, "bottles." A whole goatskin, for example, would be used with the apertures bound up, and when filled, tied at the neck. They were tanned with acacia bark and left hairy on the outside. New wines, by fermenting, would rend old skins (cp.   Joshua 9:13;  Job 32:19 ). Hung in the smoke to dry, the skin-bottles become shriveled (see  Psalm 119:83 ).

 Mark 1:6Leathern.

Holman Bible Dictionary [3]

 Leviticus 13:1 Genesis 27:11-12 27:16 27:22-23 Job 7:5 Lamentations 5:10 Jeremiah 13:23 2 Genesis 3:21  Judges 4:19  Matthew 9:17  Leviticus 4:11-12 Leviticus 7:8 4 Job 2:4 Job 19:20 Jeremiah 13:23DiseasesLeprosyVessels And Utensils

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [4]

 Genesis 3:21 (c) Undoubtedly this is a type of the imputed righteousness given as a covering to all who trust Christ Jesus We are clothed with the garments of salvation, and with the robe of righteousness when we trust Jesus Christ and He becomes the Lord of our lives. (See  Isaiah 61:10;  Leviticus 7:8).

 Exodus 25:5 (c) The red skin of the ram reminds us of the life of Christ and the righteousness of GOD, both of which are given to us because of Calvary. The animal must die that we might be clothed. So the Saviour must die, and did die, so that we might have the righteousness of GOD put upon us. (See  Romans 3:22).

King James Dictionary [5]

SKIN, n.

1. The natural covering of animal bodies, consisting of the cuticle or scarf-skin, the rete mucosum, and the cutis or hide. The cuticle is very thin and insensible the cutis is thicker and very sensible. 2. A hide a pelt the skin of an animal separated from the body, whether green, dry or tanned. 3. The body the person in ludicrous language 4. The bark or husk of a plant the exterior coat of fruits and plants.


1. To strip off the skin or hide to flay to peel. 2. To cover with skin. 3. to cover superficially.

SKIN, To be covered with skin as a wound skins over.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [6]

( עור , ‛ōr , גּלד , geledh , "human skin" (  Job 16:15 ), בּשׂר , bāsār , "flesh," in the sense of "nakedness" ( Psalm 102:5 the King James Version); δέρμα , derma ):


The word ‛ōr designates the skin of both men and animals, the latter both raw and in tanned condition: "Yahweh God made for Adam and for his wife coats of skins ( ‛ōr ), and clothed them" (  Genesis 3:21 ); "She put the skins ( ‛ōr ) of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck" ( Genesis 27:16 ); "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?" ( Jeremiah 13:23 ). The Hebrew geledh is found in the sense of human skin: "I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and have laid my horn in the dust" ( Job 16:15 ).


'To escape by the skin of the teeth' is equivalent to a narrow escape ( Job 19:20 ). Satan says in his calumny of Job: "Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life" ( Job 2:4 ). The idea here is, that a man will endure or do the worst, even as it were the flaying of his body, to save his life. The Revised Version (British and American) has replaced "skin" as the translation of Hebrew bāsār by "flesh": "My bones cleave to my flesh" ( Psalm 102:5 ). "The bars of his skin" is a poetical expression for "the members of his body" in  Job 18:13 margin, where the text interprets rather than translates the original.

Skins served for purposes of clothing from an early date ( Genesis 3:21 ). In later days they were the raiment of prophets and hermits ( Zechariah 13:4;  Hebrews 11:37 ). Septuagint translates אדּרת , 'addereth , "the mantle" of Elijah ( 1 Kings 19:13 ,  1 Kings 19:19;  2 Kings 2:8 ,  2 Kings 2:13 f), with μηλωτή , mēlōtḗ , i.e. "sheepskin," the word in He being derived from these passages. It is not unlikely that the raiment of John the Baptist made "of camel's hair" and the "leathern girdle about his loins" are identical with the rough garb of Old Testament prophets. The skins of cattle were largely employed for technical uses; "rams' skins and badgers' skins" are especially mentioned in the construction of the tabernacle as material for the waterproof covering of the roof ( Exodus 25:5;  Numbers 4:8 ,  Numbers 4:10 ff).

The Revised Version, rejecting the translation "badgers' skins," substitutes "sealskins" and adds "porpoise skins" in the margin. There is little doubt that the rendering of the King James Version is indeed incorrect. The Hebrew name of the animal ( taḥash ) is the same as the Arabic tūḥas , which means the dolphin and the "sea-cow" or halicore of the Red Sea, of which genus there are two species even now extant ( H. tabernaculi Russ, and H. Helprichii Ehr.). It is probable that the Jews included various marine animals, seals, porpoises, dolphins and halicores, under the same expression. See Sealskin .

In  Ezekiel 16:10 we find these skins mentioned as material for elegant shoes, and the Arabs of the Red Sea littoral use the same material in the manufacture of sandals. A quaint use was made of skins in the making of skin bottles, the ḳurbeh or ḳirbeh of modern Arabia. We find a great variety of Hebrew expressions, which possibly designated special varieties, all of which were rendered ἀσκός , askós , in Septuagint and the New Testament (חמת , ḥēmeth , נאר , נאור , nō'dh , נאדה , nō'dhāh , נבל , nebhel , נבך , nēbhel , בּקבּק , baḳbuḳ , אוב , 'ōbh ). the Revised Version (British and American) has rendered the Greek askos in the New Testament by "wineskin" ( Matthew 9:17;  Mark 2:22;  Luke 5:37 ) with the marginal addition "that is, skins used as bottles ." These skin bottles were made of the skins of goats, sheep, oxen or buffaloes; the former had more or less the shape of the animals, the holes of the extremities being closed by tying or sewing, and the neck of the skin being closed by a tap or a plug, while the larger ones were sewn together in various shapes. As a rule only the inside of the skin was tanned, the skin turned inside out, and the fluid or semi-fluid filled in, e.g. water, milk, butter, cheese. The hairy inside was not considered as in any way injurious to the contents. Only in the case of wine-and oil-skins was it thought advantageous to tan the skins inside and out.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [7]

(prop. עוֹר , Or, so called, perhaps, from its Nudity ; once גֶּלֶד , Geled, so called from its Smoothness [ Job 16:15]; once improperly for בָּשָׂר , Basar [ Psalms 102:5], flesh, as elsewhere rendered; Δέρμα ) , the Cuticle of man ( Exodus 34:29;  Leviticus 13:2;  Job 7:5, etc.), or the Hide of an animal (Job 40:31); the latter chiefly as taken off ( Genesis 3:21;  Genesis 27:16;  Leviticus 4:10;  Leviticus 7:8), also as prepared or wrought into leather ( Leviticus 11:32;  Leviticus 13:48;  Numbers 31:20). So in the plur. ( Exodus 26:14;  Exodus 39:34). For the tachash-skins ( Numbers 4:8;  Numbers 11:12), (See Badger). For the use of holding water, (See Skin Bottle). The word in Heb. is poetically put for Body ( Job 18:13). The phrase "skin for skin" ( Job 2:4) means like for like, or what is intimate and dear as the skin. "Skin of the teeth" ( Job 19:20) is evidently a proverbial phrase for The Barest Nothing.