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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament [1]

Salmon —A link in our Lord’s genealogy ( Matthew 1:4 f.,  Luke 3:32 [(Revised Version margin) Sala ]).

SALOME ( Gr. Σαλώμη, possibly shortened from Heb. שְׁלוֹמִיאֵל Shĕlômi’çl or the name = שָׁלוֹם Shâlôm with Gr. termination).—1. The daughter of Herodias, mentioned (although not by name) in  Matthew 14:6-11,  Mark 6:22-28. See Herod in vol. i. p. 722a and Herodias.

2. The mother of James and John, and wife of Zebedee ( Mark 15:40;  Mark 16:1; cf.  John 19:25,  Matthew 20:20;  Matthew 27:56). In St. Matthew’s account of the ambitious request of the sons of Zebedee, she is represented as coming with her sons and prostrating herself before Jesus. St. Mark does not mention her in this connexion. She was one of the women who followed our Lord and ministered to Him (ἠκολούθουν αὐτῷ καὶ διηκόνουν αὐτῷ,  Mark 15:41), and was present at the Crucifixion. Along with Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James the Little, she came after the Sabbath was over, bringing fragrant oils (ἀρώματα, μύρα [ Luke 23:56]) with which to anoint the body of Jesus. In the narrative of St. John there are mentioned as present at the Crucifixion (standing ‘by the cross’) ‘his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene.’ It has been argued by some that three women only are here mentioned, and that the words ‘Mary of Clopas’ are explanatory of ‘his mother’s sister.’ Most of the more recent commentators, however, notably Westcott (‘St. John’ in Speaker’s NT Commentary , p. 275), hold that four women are meant, and that ‘his mother’s sister’ is Salome. The following considerations seem fairly conclusive in favour of this latter view: (1) it is most unlikely that two sisters in a private family should bear the same name; (2) the parallelism (‘his mother and his mother’s sister; Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene’) is characteristic of St. John; (3) ‘the circuitous manner of describing his own mother is in character with St. John’s manner of describing himself’ (W. L. Bevan in Smith’s DB [Note: Dictionary of the Bible.] , art. ‘Salome’); (4) the Peshitta inserts ‘and’ before Mary of Clopas; (5) Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Little (who is certainly the same as Mary of Clopas), and Salome are mentioned by St. Matthew and St. Mark as present. The supposition that Salome = ‘his mother’s sister’ harmonizes St. John’s account with that of St. Matthew and St. Mark.* [Note: Epiphanius (Haer. lxxviii. 8) says that Salome was a daughter of Joseph, and Nicephorus Callistus (HE ii. 3) makes her Joseph’s wife. These traditions, at any rate, indicate a belief in some connexion between Salome and the house of Joseph.] See also artt. Clopas, Mary.

Literature.—Besides the authorities quoted in the article, see Wieseler, SK [Note: K Studien und Kritiken.] , 1840, p. 648 ff.; art. ‘Salome’ in Hasting's Dictionary of the Bible (cf. art. ‘Herod,’ ib. ), in Encyc. Bibl ., and in Herzog’s PRE [Note: RE Real-Encyklopädie fur protest. Theologic und Kirche.] ; Commentaries of H. A. W. Meyer (English translation 1880), Alford, and Luthardt (on St. John’s Gospel, iii., English translation 1880, where, against his former view, he identifies Salome with ‘his mother’s sister’).

H. W. Fulford.

Smith's Bible Dictionary [2]

Sal'mon. (Garment).

1.  Ruth 4:20-21;  1 Chronicles 2:11;  1 Chronicles 2:51;  1 Chronicles 2:54;  Matthew 1:4-5;  Luke 3:32. Son of Nahshon, the prince of the children of Judah, and father of Boat, the husband of Ruth. (B.C. 1296). Bethlehem-ephratah, which was Salmon's inheritance, was part of the territory of Caleb, the grandson of Ephratah; and this caused him to be reckoned among the sons of Caleb.

2. A hill near Shechem, on which Abimelech and his followers cut down the boughs, with which they set the tower of Shechem on fire.  Judges 9:48. Its exact position is not known. Referred to in  Psalms 68:14.

3. The father of Boar.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [3]

A hill near Shechem on which Abimelech cut down the boughs with which they set on fire the tower of Shechem. Salmon means shady, dark ( Psalms 68:14). The brightness of prosperity after the gloom of the conflict was like the glittering white snow which covers dark Salmon's forests ( Judges 9:48;  Mark 9:3). Or else (Maurer) Canaan had the same snowy appearance, covered over With the corpses of the slain, as Salmon when its trees were cut down by Abimelech changed its dark color for a white one.  Joel 1:7, "He hath barked my figtree ... the branches are made white." The blanching bones too may be referred to.

Webster's Dictionary [4]

(1): ( v.) Any one of several species of fishes of the genus Salmo and allied genera. The common salmon (Salmo salar) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat.

(2): ( pl.) of Salmon

(3): ( v.) A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon.

(4): ( a.) Of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of the salmon.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [5]

SALMON , or SALMA . The father of Boaz (  Ruth 4:20-21 ), and therefore in the direct line of the ancestry of our Lord (  Matthew 1:4;   Matthew 1:6 ,   Luke 3:32 ). If the Salma of   1 Chronicles 2:51;   1 Chronicles 2:54 is the same person, he was the ‘father’ or founder of Bethlehem, but it is to be noticed that that Salma is reckoned as one of the sons of Caleb the son of Hur.

King James Dictionary [6]

SALMON, n. sam'mon. L. salmo.

A fish of the genus Salmo, found in all the northern climates of America, Europe and Asia, ascending the rivers for spawning in spring, and penetrating to their head streams. It is a remarkably strong fish, and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in the way of its progress. It has been known to grow to the weight of 75 pounds more generally it is from 15 to 25 pounds. It furnishes a delicious dish for the table, and is an article of commerce.

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary [7]

son of Nahshon: he married Rahab, by whom he had Boaz,  1 Chronicles 2:11;  1 Chronicles 2:51;  1 Chronicles 2:54;  Ruth 4:20-21;  Matthew 1:4 . He is named the father of Bethlehem, because his descendants peopled Bethlehem.

People's Dictionary of the Bible [8]

Salmon ( Săl'Mon ), Shady.  Psalms 68:14, A. V., or Zalmon .  Judges 9:48. This was one of the high hills which environed the ancient Shechem and afforded pasturage for Jacob's flocks.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [9]

When the Almighty scattered kings in some place (probably Palestine) it is compared to "snow in Salmon."  Psalm 68:14 (an obscure passage). It is perhaps the same as Mount ZALMON in   Judges 9:48 , the Hebrew being the same, a wooded mountain near Shechem.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [10]

Or SALMAH  1 Chronicles 2:11 , a chief man of the tribe of Judah, husband of Rahab, and father of Boaz,  Ruth 4:20   Matthew 1:4,5   Luke 3:32 . See ZALMON.

Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary [11]

Salma, Salmon

(See  Ruth 4:19-20, compared with  1 Chronicles 2:11) If from Shalom, the name means peace.

Holman Bible Dictionary [12]

 Ruth 4:21 Matthew 1:5 Luke 3:32 Psalm 68:14Zalmon

Easton's Bible Dictionary [13]

 Ruth 4:20 Matthew 1:4,5 1 Chronicles 2:51

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [14]

the name of a man and of a hill.

1. (Heb. Salmon ', שִׂלְמוֹן , Clothing ,  Ruth 4:21, Sept. Σαλμών v.r. Σαλμάν ; but Salima ', שִׂלְמָא , Id.  1 Chronicles 2:11, Sept. Σαλμάν v.r. Σαλωμών , A.V. "Salma;" and Salmah ', שִׂלְמָה , Id.  Ruth 4:20, Sept. Σαλμών v.r. Σαλμάν , A.V. "Salmon;" N.T. Σαλμών ). The son of Nahshon and the ancestor of Boaz, of the family of Judah and David ( Ruth 4:20-21;  1 Chronicles 2:11;  Matthew 1:4-5;  Luke 3:32). B.C. cir. 1660. (See Genealogy Of Christ).

2. (Heb. Tsalmon , ( צִלְמוֹן , Shady. ) A place named ( Psalms 68:14) as a battlefield, apparently during the Israelites' conquest of Canaan; probably the Mount ZALMON (See Zalmon) (q.v.) elsewhere ( Judges 9:48) referred to.

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [15]

Sal´mon (Clothed), the father of Boaz (;; ).