From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament [1]

HALL. —‘Hall’ appears in the Authorized Version in a way to cause not a little confusion, as translation sometimes of αὐλή and sometimes of πραιτώριον. In  Matthew 27:27 Authorized Version has ‘the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall ’ (a circumlocution for πραιτώριον). In  Mark 15:15 Authorized Version has ‘into the hall called Praetorium ,’ as translation of law ἔσω τῆς αὐλῆς ὅ ἐστιν πραιτώριον. Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 has not entirely relieved this confusion. The English Revisers render πραιτώριον by ‘palace,’ following Rhem. [Note: Rhemish NT 1582.] ; while the American Revisers, more literally, give praetorium , the Latin word which was carried over, transliterated, into the Greek, and which denoted originally the praetor’s tent or abode, or the general’s headquarters. Tindale introduced ‘judgement-hall’ for πραιτώριον, and is followed by Authorized Version in  John 18:28;  John 18:33;  John 19:9 etc. The Authorized Version renders αὐλή by ‘palace’ in  Matthew 26:3;  Matthew 26:58;  Matthew 26:69,  Mark 14:54;  Mark 14:66,  Luke 11:21,  John 18:15, when the reference is to the place where the governor dispensed justice; by ‘fold’ in  John 10:1;  John 10:16 of the place where the sheep were kept at night; and by ‘court’ in  Revelation 11:2, as designating the court of the temple. Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 more consistently renders αὐλή by ‘court’ instead of ‘palace,’ everywhere except in  John 10:1 ἡ αὐλὴ τῶν προβάτων, where it has ‘the fold of the sheep’ (cf. Authorized Version ‘sheepfold’), and in  John 10:16, where it has simply ‘fold.’ Cf.  Matthew 26:3;  Matthew 26:58;  Matthew 26:69, where the inner court of the high priest’s official residence seems to be meant; in  Matthew 26:69 ‘Peter sat without in the palace’ (Authorized Version); ‘without’ stands in contrast with the audience-room in which Jesus was appearing before the authorities, i.e. Peter was not in the room of the official residence where the trial was going on, but out in the open court, around which the house was built; and this was ‘beneath,’ or on a lower level than the audience-room. See also Court, Praetorium.

Geo. B. Eager.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [2]

1: Αὐλή (Strong'S #833 — Noun Feminine — aule — ow-lay' )

"a court," most frequently the place where a governor dispensed justice, is rendered "hall" in  Mark 15:16;  Luke 22:55 , AV (RV, "court"). See Court , Fold , Palace.

2: Πραιτώριον (Strong'S #4232 — Noun Neuter — praitorion — prahee-to'-ree-on )

is translated "common hall" in  Matthew 27:27 , AV (RV, "palace"); "Praetorium" in  Mark 15:16; "hall of judgment" or "judgment hall" in  John 18:28,33;  19:9;  Acts 23:35 (RV, "palace," in each place); "praetorian guard,"   Philippians 1:13 (AV, "palace"). See Palace.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( n.) A building or room of considerable size and stateliness, used for public purposes; as, Westminster Hall, in London.

(2): ( n.) The chief room in a castle or manor house, and in early times the only public room, serving as the place of gathering for the lord's family with the retainers and servants, also for cooking and eating. It was often contrasted with the bower, which was the private or sleeping apartment.

(3): ( n.) A vestibule, entrance room, etc., in the more elaborated buildings of later times.

(4): ( n.) Cleared passageway in a crowd; - formerly an exclamation.

(5): ( n.) A name given to many manor houses because the magistrate's court was held in the hall of his mansion; a chief mansion house.

(6): ( n.) A college in an English university (at Oxford, an unendowed college).

(7): ( n.) The apartment in which English university students dine in common; hence, the dinner itself; as, hall is at six o'clock.

(8): ( n.) Any corridor or passage in a building.

Holman Bible Dictionary [4]

 1 Kings 6:33 1 Kings 7:6 1 Kings 7:7 Esther 5:1

Banqueting halls are frequently mentioned. The hall of  1 Samuel 9:22 (KJV parlour) was a chamber connected with the sanctuary where sacrificial meat was eaten. Belshazzar's banqueting hall (KJV banquet house) was the scene of the famous handwriting on the wall (  Daniel 5:10 ). This room was likely the large throne room (50 by 160 feet) which has been excavated.

KJV used the term hall to translate the Greek term aule (  Luke 22:55 ). Elsewhere KJV translated the term “palace” (for example  Matthew 26:58;  Mark 14:54;  John 18:15 ). Modern translations use “courtyard.” KJV also used hall for the praetorium or Roman governor's headquarters (Pilate's  Matthew 27:27;  Mark 15:16;  John 18:28; Herod's  Acts 23:35 ).

King James Dictionary [5]

HALL, n. L. aula Heb. a tent, a palace.

1. In architecture, a large room at the entrance of a house or palace. In the houses of ministers of state, magistrates, &c.,it is the place where they give audience and dispatch business. 2. An edifice in which courts of justice are held as Westminster Hall, which was originally a royal palace,the kings of England formerly holding their parliaments and courts of judicature in their own dwellings, as is still the practice in Spain. 3. A manor-house, in which courts were formerly held. 4. A college, or large edifice belonging to a collegiate institution. 5. A room for a corporation or public assembly as a town-hall Fanueil Hall in Boston, &c. 6. A collegiate body in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [6]

Hebrew: Aulee , the "court" or "uncovered space", on a lower level than the lowest floor, in the midst of a house, as the high priest's ( Luke 22:55). The "porch" ( Proaulion ) was the vestibule leading to it ( Mark 14:68). Also called Puloon , the "gate" or "porch" ( Matthew 26:71).

Smith's Bible Dictionary [7]

Hall. Used of the court of the high priest's house.  Luke 22:55. In  Matthew 27:27 and  Mark 15:16, "hall" is synonymous with "Praetorium", which in  John 18:28 is, in the Authorized Version, "Judgment Hall".

Easton's Bible Dictionary [8]

 Luke 22:55 Matthew 26:69  Mark 14:66  John 10:1,16  Matthew 27:27  Mark 15:16  Matthew 26:71

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [9]

HALL . See Prætorium.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [10]

occurs in the A.V. of the N.T. three times; twice ( Matthew 27:27;  Mark 15:16) in reference to the Πραίτωριον , Praetorium, or residence of the Roman governor at Jerusalem, which was either the palace built by the elder Herod, or the tower of Antonia; his usual abode was at Csesarea ( Acts 23:23). Mark adds to the word Αὐλή , as he is wont in other cases, an explanatory phrase, Ἐστι Πραιτώριον (Vulg. Atrium praetorii). In  Luke 22:55, Αύλή ) means the open court or quadrangle belonging to the high priest's house, such as was common to Oriental dwellings. It has the same meaning in  Matthew 26:69, and  Mark 14:66, and in both passages is incorrectly rendered "palace" in the A.V., as the adverbs Ἔξω and Κάτω plainly distinguish the Αύλή from the Οῖκος to which it was attached ( Luke 22:54). So in  Luke 11:21. In  John 10:1;  John 10:16, it means a "sheep-fold," and in  Revelation 11:2, the outer "court" of the Temple. The Αὐλή was entered from the street by a Προαύλιον or Vestibule ( Mark 14:68), through a Πυλών or Portal ( Matthew 26:71), in which was a Θύρα or Wicket ( John 18:16;  Acts 12:13). Kitto. s.v. Αὐλή is the equivalent for חָצֵר , an enclosed or fortified space (Gesenius, Tesaur. p. 512), in many places in the O.T. where the Vulg. and A. Vers. have respectively Villa or Viculus, "village," or Atritum," court," chiefly of the tabernacle or Temple. See Coar. The hall or court of a house or palace would probably be an enclosed but uncovered space, Implucium, on a lower level than the apartments of the lowest floor which looked into it. (See House).

The Nuttall Encyclopedia [11]

nglish lawyer and historian, born in London; studied law at Gray's Inn; in 1540 he became one of the judges of the Sheriff's Court; his fame rests on his history "The Union of the Two Noble Families of Lancaster and Yorke," a work which sheds a flood of light on contemporary events, and is, moreover, a noble specimen of English prose (1499-1547).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [12]

hôl (  Luke 22:55 the King James Version). See House .