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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [1]

Gether . Named in   Genesis 10:23 , along with Uz, Hul, and Mash, as one of the ‘sons of Aram’ (in   1 Chronicles 1:17 simply ‘sons of Shem’). The clan of which he is the eponymous founder has not been identified.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [2]

Son of Aram the son of Shem.  Genesis 10:23;  1 Chronicles 1:17 .

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [3]

Third of Aram's sons ( Genesis 10:23).

Holman Bible Dictionary [4]

 Genesis 10:23

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [5]

(Heb. id. גֶּתֶר , signif. unknown; Sept. Γατέρ v.r. Γαθέρ ), the name of the third of the sons of Aram ( Genesis 10:23). B. C. post. 2513.; Josephus (Ant. 1:6, 4) makes him the ancestor of the Bactrians (but see Michaelis, Spicileg. 2:138); and in the traditionary legends of the Arabs one Ghathir appears as the source of the Thamudites in Hejaz and the Jadisites in Jemama (Abulf. Hist. Anteisl, page 16). The Arab. vers. of the Polyglot has the Geramaka, a tribe which in the time of Mobaims ed must have inhabited the district of Mosul. (See Arabia). Jerome (ad loc.) proposes the Carians. Bochart asks ( Phaleg. 2:10) whether the river Centrites, mentioned by Xenophon ( Anab. 4:3, 1) and Diodorus Sic. (14:27), and which lay between the Carduchians and Armenians, may not have derived its name from Gether; and Le Claere finds a trace of the name in Cathara ( Καθάρα ), a town on the Tigris ( Ptol. 5:18). Ksalisch (Commentary, ad loc.) thinks it may be but an Aramean form of Geshur, an identification already proposed by Thomson (Land And Book, 1:386). (See Schulthess, Parad. Page 282.) (See Aram).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [6]

gē´thẽr ( גּתר , gether ): In   Genesis 10:23 named as one of the 4 sons of Aramaic In   1 Chronicles 1:17 mentioned simply among the sons of Shem.