From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary [1]

for threshing corn, or threshing floor, is frequently mentioned in Scripture. This was a place in the open air, in which corn was threshed, by means of a cart or sledge, or some other instrument drawn by oxen. The threshing floors among the Jews were only, as they are to this day in the east, round level plats of ground in the open air, where the corn was trodden out by oxen. Thus Gideon's floor appears to have been in the open air,  Judges 6:37; and also that of Araunah the Jebusite, 2 Samuel 24, otherwise it would not have been a proper place for erecting an altar, and offering sacrifices. In  Hosea 13:3 , we read of the chaff which is driven by the whirlwind from the floor. This circumstance of the threshing floor's being exposed to the agitation of the wind seems to be the principal reason of its Hebrew name. It appears, therefore, that a threshing floor, which is rendered in our textual translation, "a void place," might well be near the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and a proper situation in which the kings of Israel and Judah might hear the prophets,   1 Kings 22:10;  2 Chronicles 18:9 . An instrument sometimes used in Palestine and the east, to force the corn out of the ear, and bruise the straw, was a heavy kind of sledge made of thick boards, and furnished beneath with teeth of stone or iron,  Isaiah 41:15 . The sheaves being laid in order, the sledge was drawn over the straw by oxen, and at the same time threshed out the corn, and cut or broke the straw into a kind of chaff. An instrument in the east is still used for the same purpose. This sledge is alluded to in

 2 Samuel 12:31;  Isaiah 28:27;  Isaiah 41:15;  Amos 1:3 . Dr. Lowth, in his notes on  Isaiah 28:27-28 , observes, that four methods of threshing are mentioned in this passage, by different instruments, the flail, the drag, the wain, and the treading of the cattle. The staff, or flail, was used for the infirmiora semina, the grain that was too tender to be treated in the other methods. The drag consisted of a sort of frame of strong planks, made rough at the bottom with hard stones or iron; it was drawn by horses or oxen over the corn sheaves on the floor, the driver sitting upon it. The wain was nearly similar to this instrument, but had wheels with iron teeth, or edges like a saw. The last method is well known from the law of Moses, which forbids the ox to be muzzled when he treadeth out the corn.

Niebuhr, in his Travels, gives the following description of a machine which the people of Egypt use at this day for threshing out their corn: "This machine," says he, "is called nauridsj. It has three rollers which turn on their axles; and each of them is furnished with some irons round and flat.

At the beginning of June, Mr. Forskall and I several times saw, in the environs of Dsjise, how corn was threshed in Egypt. Every peasant chose for himself, in the open field, a smooth plat of ground from eighty to a hundred paces in circumference. Hither was brought on camels or asses the corn in sheaves, of which was formed a ring of six or eight feet wide, and two high. Two oxen were made to draw over it again and again the sledge, traineau, above mentioned; and this was done with the greatest convenience to the driver; for he was seated in a chair fixed on the sledge. Two such parcels or layers of corn are threshed out in a day, and they move each of them as many as eight times, with a wooden fork of five prongs, which they call meddre. Afterward they throw the straw into the middle of the ring, where it forms a heap, which grows bigger and bigger. When the first layer is threshed they replace the straw in the ring, and thresh it as before. Thus the straw becomes every time smaller, till at last it resembles chopped straw. After this, with the fork just described, they cast the whole some yards from thence, and against the wind; which driving back the straw, the corn and the ears not threshed out fall apart from it, and make another heap. A man collects the clods of dirt, and other impurities to which any corn adheres, and throws them into a sieve. They afterward place in a ring the heaps, in which a good many entire ears are still found, and drive over them for four or five hours together ten couple of oxen joined two and two, till by absolute trampling they have separated the grains, which they throw into the air with a shovel to cleanse them."

Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): ( v. t.) To finish or make an end of; as, to floor a college examination.

(2): ( n.) That part of the bottom of a vessel on each side of the keelson which is most nearly horizontal.

(3): ( n.) A story of a building. See Story.

(4): ( n.) The part of the house assigned to the members.

(5): ( n.) The right to speak.

(6): ( v. t.) To strike down or lay level with the floor; to knock down; hence, to silence by a conclusive answer or retort; as, to floor an opponent.

(7): ( v. t.) To cover with a floor; to furnish with a floor; as, to floor a house with pine boards.

(8): ( n.) The rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit.

(9): ( n.) A horizontal, flat ore body.

(10): ( n.) The surface, or the platform, of a structure on which we walk or travel; as, the floor of a bridge.

(11): ( n.) The structure formed of beams, girders, etc., with proper covering, which divides a building horizontally into stories. Floor in sense 1 is, then, the upper surface of floor in sense 2.

(12): ( n.) The bottom or lower part of any room; the part upon which we stand and upon which the movables in the room are supported.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [3]

FLOOR . Used in AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ( a ) in the primary sense of a house-floor, and ( b ) in the secondary sense of a threshing-floor, the Heb. words for which are quite distinct. Under ( a ) we have the earthen floor of the Tabernacle,   Numbers 5:17 , and the wooden floor of the Temple,   1 Kings 6:15 (see House, § 4 .) By ‘from floor to floor,’   1 Kings 7:7 RV [Note: Revised Version.] , is meant ‘from floor to ceiling,’ a sense implied in the better reading ‘from the floor to the rafters’; cf.   1 Kings 6:15 , wherefor ‘walls’ read ‘rafters’ of the ceiling. In   Amos 9:3 our EV [Note: English Version.] has obscured the figure ‘the floor of the sea.’

( b ) Where ‘floor’ occurs in the sense of ‘threshing-floor’ (see Agriculture, § 3 ), the latter has been substituted by RV [Note: Revised Version.] except in three passages (  Genesis 50:11 ,   Isaiah 21:10 ,   Joel 2:24 ). The same word ( goren ) appears as barnfloor (  2 Kings 6:27 , RV [Note: Revised Version.] ‘threshing-floor’) and cornfloor (  Hosea 9:1 AV [Note: Authorized Version.] and RV [Note: Revised Version.] ).

A. R. S. Kennedy.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [4]

 1 Kings 6:30 (c) The floor of the tabernacle was the dirt and the soil of the desert. This reminded Israel of their pilgrim character. The floor of the temple was covered with gold to remind His people that they were pilgrims on the way home to the eternal glory of GOD.

 Isaiah 21:10 (c) This is a heart cry concerning the loss of that which had been gathered in from the harvest, but was never enjoyed.

 Jeremiah 51:33 (a) Here is a type of the severe threshing that GOD would give Babylon when He sent the enemy to destroy it.

 Daniel 2:35 (a) This is typical of the day of GOD's judgment when the saved and the unsaved will be separated as the farmer separates the wheat and the chaff on the threshing floor. (See also  Matthew 3:12).

 Hosea 13:3 (a) The judgment of Israel is described by this figure. The people are the chaff to be destroyed because they are of no value to GOD, and have no interest in GOD's affairs. (See also  Micah 4:12;  Luke 3:17).

King James Dictionary [5]

FLOOR, n. flore. In early ages, the inhabitants of Europe had no floor in their huts, but the ground. The sense of the word is probably that which is laid or spread.

1. That part of a building or room on which we walk the bottom or lower part, consisting, in modern houses, of boards, plands or pavement as the floor of a house, room, bar, stable or outhouse. 2. A platform of boards or plans laid on timbers, as in a bridge any similar platform. 3. A story in a building as the first or second floor. 4. A floor or earthen floor is still used in some kinds of business, made of loam, or of lime, sand and iron dust, as in malting. 5. The bottom of a ship, or that part which is nearly horizontal.

FLOOR, To lay a floor to cover timbers with a floor to furnish with a floor as, to floor a house with pine boards.

Smith's Bible Dictionary [6]

Floor. See Gabbatha .

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [7]

( גֹּרֶן , Go'Ren; Ἄλων ) , prop. a level or open Area (as the "place" or Square around the gates of Oriental cities,  1 Kings 22:10;  2 Chronicles 18:9); hence usually the spot, well-beaten and smooth, on which grain is trodden out by cattle in the East, i.e., the "barn-floor", or "threshing- floor." (See Threshing). For the floor of rooms, (See House); for that of court-yards, (See Pavement).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [8]

flōr HouseThreshing-Floo