From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

1: Διαμερισμός (Strong'S #1267 — Noun Masculine — diamerismos — dee-am-er-is-mos' )

primarily, "a parting, distribution," denotes "a discussion, dissension, division or discord, breaking up as of family ties" (dia, "asunder," meros, "a part"), it is found in  Luke 12:51 , where it is contrasted with eirene, "peace." Cp. Divide, A No. 7.

2: Διαφανής (Strong'S #1307 — Adjective — dichostasia — dee-af-an-ace' )

lit., "a standing apart" (diche, "asunder, apart," stasis, "a standing;" the root di--- indicating "division," is found in many words in various languages), is used in  Romans 16:17 , where believers are enjoined to mark those who cause "division" and to turn away from them; and in  Galatians 5:20 , RV (AV, "seditions"), where "divisions" are spoken of as "works of the flesh." Some mss. have this noun in  1—Corinthians 3:3 .

3: Σχίσμα (Strong'S #4978 — Noun Neuter — schisma — skhis'-mah )

(Eng., "schism"), denotes "a cleft, a rent,"  Matthew 9:16;  Mark 2:21; then, metaphorically, "a division, dissension,"  John 7:43;  9:16;  10:19;  1—Corinthians 1:10;  11:18; in  1—Corinthians 12:25 it is translated "schism" (marg., "division"). The root is skid---, seen in the corresponding verb schizo, "to cleave" (Lat. scindo). See Schism. Cp. hairesis, a sect.

Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): ( n.) The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the state of being so divided; separation.

(2): ( n.) The separation of a genus into its constituent species.

(3): ( n.) Two or more brigades under the command of a general officer.

(4): ( n.) Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.

(5): ( n.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities, equivalent to a subkingdom.

(6): ( n.) That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.

(7): ( n.) The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a distinct segment or section.

(8): ( n.) Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord; variance; alienation.

(9): ( n.) Difference of condition; state of distinction; distinction; contrast.

(10): ( n.) A course of notes so running into each other as to form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one syllable.

(11): ( n.) The process of finding how many times one number or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is performed.

(12): ( n.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a part so distinguished.

(13): ( n.) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one subdivision of a battalion.

(14): ( n.) One of the larger districts into which a country is divided for administering military affairs.

(15): ( n.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.

King James Dictionary [3]

Division n. S as z. L. See Divide.

1. The act of dividing or separating into parts, any entire body. 2. The state of being divided. 3. That which divides or separates that which keeps apart partition. 4. The part separated from the rest by a partition or line, real or imaginary as the divisions of a field. 5. A separate body of men as, communities and divisions of men. 6. A part or distinct portion as the divisions of a discourse. 7. A part of an army or militia a body consisting of a certain number of brigades usually two, and commanded by a major general. But the term is often applied to other bodies or portions of an army, as to a brigade, a squadron or a platoon. 8. A part of a fleet, or a select number of ships under a commander, and distinguished by a particular flag or pendant. 9. Disunion discord variance difference.

There was a division among the people.  John 7 .

10. Space between the notes of music, or the dividing of the tones. 11. Distinction.

I will put a division between my people and thy people.  Exodus 8 .

12. The separation of voters in a legislative house. 13. In arithmetic, the dividing of a number or quantity into any parts assigned or the rule by which is found how many times one number is contained in another.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [4]

the rendering of the following words:

1.' חֲלֻקָּה , Chalukkah ,  2 Chronicles 35:5, or מִחֲלֹקֶת , Machalo'Keth ,  Joshua 11:23;  Joshua 12:7;  Joshua 18:10;  1 Chronicles 24:1;  1 Chronicles 26:1;  1 Chronicles 26:12;  1 Chronicles 26:19;  Nehemiah 11:36; a regular distribution (e.g. the sacerdotal "courses" or sections).

2. פְּלֻגָּה , Peluggah ,  2 Chronicles 35:5, or Chald. פְּלֻגָּא , Pelugga ,  Ezra 6:18, a partition (likewise applied to the priestly ranks), but, פְּדוּת , Pelaggah ,  Judges 5:15-16, Streamlets (" Rivers ,"  Job 20:17).

3. פּדוּת , Peduth , a distinction,  Exodus 8:23 (elsewhere "Redemption ").

4. Διαμερισμός , Disunion ,  Luke 12:21; Διχοστασία , Variance ,  Romans 16:17;  1 Corinthians 3:3;  Galatians 5:20; Σχίσμα , a split,  John 7:43;  John 9:16;  John 10:19 ("Rent ,"  Matthew 9:16;  Mark 2:21).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [5]

di - vizh´un  : Used in English Versions of the Bible in the following senses:

(1) A separate body of people ( a ) of the tribal divisions of Israel ( Joshua 11:23;  Joshua 12:7;  Joshua 18:10 ); ( b ) of sections of a tribe, "the divisions of Reuben" ( Judges 5:15 ,  Judges 5:16 the King James Version; but the Revised Version (British and American) rightly substitutes "the watercourses of Reuben"; in   Job 20:17 the same word is rendered "rivers"); ( c ) of the (late) organization of priests and Levites into classes or families who ministered in the temple in rotation; translated "courses" generally in the King James Version, and always in the Revised Version (British and American) ( 1 Chronicles 24:1;  1 Chronicles 26:1 ,  1 Chronicles 26:12 ,  1 Chronicles 26:19;  Nehemiah 11:36; compare  2 Chronicles 35:5 ). Much prominence is given by the Chronicler to the 24 classes of priests, singers, and doorkeepers, who served in turns in the temple (compare  Luke 1:5 ,  Luke 1:8 ). (3) In the New Testament, dissension, disunion, schism ( Luke 12:51;  Romans 16:17;  1 Corinthians 3:3 the King James Version, omitted the Revised Version (British and American);   1 Corinthians 1:10;  1 Corinthians 11:18;  Galatians 5:20 ).