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Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): (n.) An officer of the peace having power as a conservator of the public peace, and bound to execute the warrants of judicial officers.

(2): (n.) A high officer in the monarchical establishments of the Middle Ages.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia [2]

A high officer of State in the Roman empire, in France, and in England, charged at one time with military, judicial, and regulative functions.