From BiblePortal Wikipedia

King James Dictionary [1]

Common a.

1. Belonging equally to more than one, or to many indefinitely as, life and sense are common to man and beast the common privileges of citizens the common wants of men. 2. Belonging to the public having no separate owner. The right to a highway is common. 3. General serving for the use of all as the common prayer. 4. Universal belonging to all as, the earth is said to be the common mother of mankind. 5. Public general frequent as common report. 6. Usual ordinary as the common operations of nature the common forms of conveyance the common rules of civility. 7. Of no rank or superior excellence ordinary. Applied to men, it signifies, not noble, not distinguished by noble descent, or not distinguished by office, character or talents as a common man a common soldier. Applied to things, it signifies, not distinguished by excellence or superiority as a common essay a common exertion. It however is not generally equivalent to mean, which expresses something lower in rank or estimation. 8. Prostitute lewd as a common woman. 9. In grammar, such verbs as signify both action and passion, are called common as aspernor, I despise or am despised also, such nouns as are both masculine and feminine, as parens. 10. A common bud, in botany, is one that contains both leaves and flowers a common peduncle, one that bears several flowers a common perianth, one that incloses several distinct fructification a common receptacle, one that connects several distinct fructification.

Common divisor, in mathematics, is a number or quantity that divides two or more numbers or quantities without a remainder.

Common Law, in Great Britain and the United States, the unwritten law, the law that receives its binding force from immemorial usage and universal reception, in distinction from the written or statute law. That body of rules, principles and customs which have been received from our ancestors, and by which courts have been governed in their judicial decisions. The evidence of this law is to be found in the reports of those decisions, and the records of the courts. Some of these rules may have originated in edicts or statutes which are now lost, or in the terms and conditions of particular grants or charters but it is most probable that many of them originated in judicial decisions founded on natural justice and equity, or on local customs.

Common pleas, in Great Britain, one of the kings courts, now held in Westminster-Hall. It consists of a chief justice and three other justices, and has cognizance of all causes, real, personal or mixed, as well by original writ, as by removal from the inferior courts. A writ of error, in the nature of an appeal, lies from this court to the court of kings bench.

In some of the American states, a court of common pleas is an inferior court, whose jurisdiction is limited to a county, and it is sometimes called a county court. This court is variously constituted in different states, and its powers are defined by statutes. It has jurisdiction of causes, and of minor offenses but its final jurisdiction is very limited all causes of magnitude being removable to a higher Court by appeal or by writ of error.prayer, the liturgy of the Church of England, which all the clergy of the Church are enjoined to use, under a penalty.

Common recovery, a legal process for recovering an estate or barring entails.

Common time, in music, duple or double time, when the semibreve is equal to two minims.

In common, equally with another, or with others to be equally used or participated by two or more as tenants in common to provide for children in common to assign lands to two persons in common, or to twenty in common we enjoy the bounties of providence in common.


1. A tract of ground, the use of which is not appropriated to an individual, but belongs to the public or to a number. Thus we apply the word to an open ground or space in a highway, reserved for public use. 2. In law, an open ground, or that soil the use of which belongs equally to the inhabitants of a town or of a lordship, or to a certain number of proprietors or the profit which a man has in the land of another or a right which a person has to pasture has cattle on land of another, or to dig turf, or catch fish, or cut wood, or the like called common of pasture, of turbary, of piscary, and of estovers.

Common, or right of common, is appendant, appurtenant, because of vicinage, or in gross.

Common appendant is a right belonging to the owners or occupiers of arable land to put commonable beasts upon the lords waste, and upon the lands of other persons within the same manor. This is a matter of most universal right.

Common appurtenant may be annexed to lands in other lordships, or extend to other beasts, besides those which are generally commonable this is not of common right, but can be claimed only b immemorial usage and prescription.

Common because of vicinage or neighborhood, is where the inhabitants of two townships, lying contiguous to each other, have usually intercommoned with one another, the beasts of the one straying into the others fields this is a permissive right.

Common in gross or at large, is annexed to a mans person, being granted to him and his heirs by deed or it may be claimed by prescriptive right, as by a parson of a church or other corporation sole.


1. To have a joint right with others in common ground. 2. To board together to eat at a table in common.

Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): (v.) Belonging or relating equally, or similarly, to more than one; as, you and I have a common interest in the property.

(2): (v.) Belonging to or shared by, affecting or serving, all the members of a class, considered together; general; public; as, properties common to all plants; the common schools; the Book of Common Prayer.

(3): (v.) Often met with; usual; frequent; customary.

(4): (v.) Not distinguished or exceptional; inconspicuous; ordinary; plebeian; - often in a depreciatory sense.

(5): (v.) Profane; polluted.

(6): (v.) Given to habits of lewdness; prostitute.

(7): (n.) The people; the community.

(8): (n.) An inclosed or uninclosed tract of ground for pleasure, for pasturage, etc., the use of which belongs to the public; or to a number of persons.

(9): (n.) The right of taking a profit in the land of another, in common either with the owner or with other persons; - so called from the community of interest which arises between the claimant of the right and the owner of the soil, or between the claimants and other commoners entitled to the same right.

(10): (v. i.) To converse together; to discourse; to confer.

(11): (v. i.) To participate.

(12): (v. i.) To have a joint right with others in common ground.

(13): (v. i.) To board together; to eat at a table in common.

Holman Bible Dictionary [3]

 1 Samuel 21:4 1 Samuel 21:5 am ha arets  Leviticus 4:22 4:27 2 Kings 23:6 Jeremiah 26:23 Acts 10:14-15

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [4]

COMMON . In   Acts 10:14 f. synonymous with ‘ceremonially unclean’ (cf.   Mark 7:2 , and see Clean and Unclean).

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [5]

Profane, ceremonially unclean,  Mark 7:2,5;  Acts 10:14,15;  Romans 14:14 .

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament [6]

See Clean.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [7]

kom´un  : κοινός , koinós , in the classics, and primarily in the New Testament, means what is public, general, universal, as contrasted with ἴδιος , ı́dios , what is peculiar, individual, not shared with others. Thus, "common faith" ( Titus 1:4 ), "common salvation" ( Judges 1:3 ), refer to that in which the experience of all Christians unites and is identical: "common," because there is but one faith and one salvation ( Ephesians 4:4-6 ). From this comes the derived meaning of what is ordinary and, therefore, to be disesteemed, as contrasted with what pertains to a class, and to be prized, because rare. This naturally coincides with Old Testament exclusivism, particularity and separation. Its religion was that of a separated people, with a separated class as its ministers, and with minute directions as to distinctions of meat, drink, times, places, rites, vessels, etc. Whatever was common or ordinary, it avoided. The New Testament, on the other hand, with its universalism of scope, and its spirituality of sphere, rose above all such externals. The salvation which it brought was directed to the redemption of Nature, as well as of man, sanctifying the creature, and pervading all parts of man's being and all relations of life. The antithesis is forcibly illustrated in  Acts 10:14 f, where Peter says: "I have never eaten anything that is common and unclean," and the reply is: "What God hath cleansed, make not thou common."

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [8]

( Κοινός ). The Greek term properly signifies What Belongs To All (as in Wisdom of Solomon 6:3, Κοινὸς Ἀήρ ), but the Hellenists applied it (like the Hebrew הֹל ) to what was profane, i.e. Not Holy , and therefore of common or promiscuous use ( Acts 10:14). They also applied the term to what was inpure, whether naturally or legally (as in  Mark 7:2, compared with  1 Maccabees 1:47;  1 Maccabees 1:62). Finally, it was used of meats forbidden, or such as had been partaken of by idolaters, and which, as they rendered the partakers thereof impure, were themselves called Κοινά (Common ), and Ἀκάθαρτα (Unclean ) (see Kuinil on  Acts 10:14). (See Clean).

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [9]

The Greek term properly signifies what belongs to all (as in ), but the Hellenists applied it to what was profane, i.e. not holy, and therefore of common or promiscuous use . They also applied the term to what was impure, whether naturally or legally (as in , compared with; ). And, finally, it was used of meats forbidden, or such as had been partaken of by idolaters, and which, as they rendered the partakers thereof impure, were themselves called common and unclean.