From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): (n.) An officer appointed and commissioned to collect and receive customs, duties, taxes, or toll.

(2): (n.) One who collects things which are separate; esp., one who makes a business or practice of collecting works of art, objects in natural history, etc.; as, a collector of coins.

(3): (n.) A compiler of books; one who collects scattered passages and puts them together in one book.

(4): (n.) One authorized to collect debts.

(5): (n.) A bachelor of arts in Oxford, formerly appointed to superintend some scholastic proceedings in Lent.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [2]

( Ἄρχων Φορολογίας , Chief Of The Tribute-Levy ), a tax-gatherer ( 1 Maccabees 1:29). (See Publican).