From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [1]

 Genesis 44:18 (a) Judah did not want Joseph's anger to be aroused and inflicted upon him. He remembered his treatment of Joseph in former days.

 Exodus 3:2 (c) This expression is a picture of GOD's presence and power in the midst of Israel and also in the midst of His church. GOD's people are really blessed by His presence and are not destroyed.

 Job 30:30 (b) Job let his extreme pain and suffering as he sat in the ashes as though a fire was kindled in his body.

 Psalm 39:3 (b) The spirit was thoroughly aroused and stirred because the feelings were repressed and held in.

 Psalm 89:46 (b) The Psalmist did not want GOD's anger to be increased and poured out upon the people.

 Isaiah 1:31 (b) This is a description of the fierce wrath of GOD which will destroy the enemies of Israel.

 Isaiah 3:24 (b) This is a description of the fever, the pain and the sorrow in the human body that destroys its beauty.

 Isaiah 4:4 (b) This undoubtedly refers to the cleansing power of the Spirit of GOD when He comes forth in judgment. (See also  Matthew 3:11,  Acts 2:3).

 Isaiah 10:17 (a) Here is described the punishment which GOD would execute upon the King of Assyria.

 Isaiah 27:4 (b) Here is a picture of the destructive power of the Lord GOD Almighty who will conquer every enemy.

 Isaiah 40:16 (b) This wonderful passage tells us the story of the insufficiency of all man's sacrifice and offering. Lebanon is a mountain six miles wide and fifty miles long. It was covered with a very thick forest of trees of many kinds, principally cedars. It was a hunter's paradise, for the thick undergrowth harbored many kinds of wild animals. In this Scripture the Lord is telling us that if all the burnable materials on that mountain, trees, bushes, vines and grasses, were to be piled up to make one great bonfire and then if all the animals were killed and placed upon the top of that bonfire to be offered as a sacrifice to GOD, this would not be sufficient to put away the sins of Israel. The greatest thing that any man can do is not sufficient to save his soul. Only the sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ is sufficient to satisfy GOD's demands.

 Lamentations 2:3 (b) GOD is informing us that He was filled with just anger against the evil doings of His people.

 Malachi 4:1 (b) We learn from this type that a terrible day of retribution and judgment is ahead when GOD will come forth in power to punish His enemies. It has no reference whatever to the "annihilation of the wicked" in eternity. It refers to the destruction of nations from this earth. This was done in the case of the Canaanites, Philistines, Amalekites, Jebusites and other enemies of Israel. They have been blotted from the earth, and so far as we know there are no descendants to be found.

 Matthew 3:12 (a) This refers to the literal fire of hell in which sinners must spend eternity.

 Luke 12:35 (a) This term is used to describe a clear, bright testimony for GOD, which would illuminate and inspire those who came under its influence.

 Luke 24:32 (a) The warm and delightful feeling produced in the heart when GOD speaks words of comfort and love to His people is thus described.

 John 5:35 (a) This refers to the active, forceful testimony of John the Baptist. His messages entered into the souls and hearts of the people and left a permanent impression.

 Romans 1:27 (a) The word is used here to indicate a wild, unrestrained desire that was fed and nourished by the sinner.

 1 Corinthians 7:9 (b) In this way is described the torment or unsatisfied passion in the body.

 2 Corinthians 11:29 (b) The word in this passage describes the deep desire in the soul of the servant of GOD for the blessing of others.

King James Dictionary [2]

BURN, pret. and pp. burned or burnt. L. pruna, and perhaps, furnus, fornaz, a furnace. The primary sense is, to rage, to act with violent excitement.

1. To consume with fire to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire frequently with up as, to burn up wood. 2. To expel the volatile parts and reduce to charcoal by fire as, to burn wood into coal. Hence, in popular language, to burn a kiln of wood, is to char the wood. 3. To cleanse of soot by burning to inflame as, to burn a chimney an extensive use of the word. 4. To harden in the fire to bake or harden by heat as, to burn bricks or a brick kiln. 5. To scorch to affect by heat as, to burn the clothes or the legs by the fire to burn meat or bread in cookery. 6. To injure by fire to affect the flesh by heat. 7. To dry up or dissipate with up as, to burn up tears. 8. To dry excessively to cause to wither by heat as,the sun burns the grass or plants. 9. To heat or inflame to affect with excessive stimulus as, ardent spirits burn the stomach. 10. To affect with heat in cookery, so as to give the food a disagreeable taste. Hence the phrase burnt to. 11. To calcine with heat or fire to expel the volatile matter from substances, so that they are easily pulverized as, to burn oyster shells, or lime-stone. 12. To affect with excess of heat as, the fever burns a patient. 13. To subject to the action of fire to heat or dry as, to burn colors.

To burn up, to consume entirely by fire.

To burn out, to burn till the fuel is all consumed.

BURN, To be on fire to flame as, the mount burned with fire.

1. To shine to sparkle.

O prince! O wherefore burn your eyes?

2. To be inflamed with passion or desire as, to burn with anger or love. 3. To act with destructive violence, as fire.

Shall thy wrath burn like fire?

4. To be in commotion to rage with destructive violence.

The groan still deepens and the combat burns.

5. To be heated to be in a glow as, the face burns. 6. To be affected with a sensation of heat, pain or acidity as, the heart burns. 7. To feel excess of heat as, the flesh burns by a fire a patient burns with a fever.

To burn out, to burn till the fuel is exhausted and the fire ceases.

BURN, n. A hurt or injury of the flesh caused by the action of fire.

1. The operation of burning or baking, as in brickmaking as, they have a good burn.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): (v. t.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize.

(2): (n.) A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat.

(3): (n.) A small stream.

(4): (v. t.) To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block.

(5): (v. t.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen.

(6): (v. i.) In certain games, to approach near to a concealed object which is sought.

(7): (v. i.) To combine energetically, with evolution of heat; as, copper burns in chlorine.

(8): (v. i.) To have a condition, quality, appearance, sensation, or emotion, as if on fire or excessively heated; to act or rage with destructive violence; to be in a state of lively emotion or strong desire; as, the face burns; to burn with fever.

(9): (v. t.) To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper.

(10): (v. i.) To suffer from, or be scorched by, an excess of heat.

(11): (v. i.) To be of fire; to flame.

(12): (v. t.) To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime.

(13): (v. t.) To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass.

(14): (n.) The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn.

(15): (v. t.) To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; - frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood.

(16): (n.) A disease in vegetables. See Brand, n., 6.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words [4]

A. Verb.

Śâraph ( שָׂרַף , Strong'S #8313), “to burn.” A common Semitic term, this word is found in ancient Akkadian and Ugaritic, as well as throughout the history of the Hebrew language. It occurs in its verb form nearly 120 times in the Hebrew Old Testament. Śâraph is found first in Gen. 11:3 in the Tower of Babel story: “Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly.”Since burning is the main characteristic of fire, the term śâraph is usually used to describe the destroying of objects of all kinds. Thus, the door of a city tower was “burned” (Judg. 9:52), as were various cities (Josh. 6:24; 1 Sam. 30:1), chariots (Josh. 11:6, 9), idols (Exod. 32:20; Deut. 9:21), and the scroll that Jeremiah had dictated to Baruch (Jer. 36:25, 27-28). The Moabites’ “burning” of the bones of the king of Edom (Amos 2:1) was a terrible outrage to all ancient Semites. The “burning” of men’s bodies on the sacred altar was a great act of desecration (1 Kings 13:2). Ezekiel “burned” a third of his hair as a symbol that part of the people of Judah would be destroyed (Ezek. 5:4).

Interestingly, śâraph is never used for the “burning” of a sacrifice on the altar, although a few times it designates the disposal of refuse, unused sacrificial parts, and some diseased parts. The “burning” of a red heifer was for the purpose of producing ashes for purification (Lev. 19:5, 8).

B. Nouns.

Śârâph —( שָׂרָף , 8314), “burning one; fiery being.” In Num. 21:6, 8, the term śârâph —describes the serpents that attacked the Israelites in the wilderness. They are referred to as “fiery” serpents. A “fiery” flying serpent appears in Isa. 14:29, as well as in Isa. 30:6.

Śârâphim ( שָׂרָף , 8314), “burning, noble.” Śârâphim refers to the ministering beings in Isa. 6:2, 6, and may imply either a serpentine form (albeit with wings, human hands, and voices) or beings that have a “glowing” quality about them. One of the śârâphim ministered to Isaiah by bringing a glowing coal from the altar.