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Fausset's Bible Dictionary [1]

("watchtower") ( Judges 1:17). A Canaanite town, called after its destruction by Israel (See Hormah . In the extreme S. or wilderness of Judah. Now the pass Es Sufa from the Arabah border up to the high level of the S. country (Robinson). But Speaker's Commentary, "Rakhmah," an anagram of Hormah , some miles E. of Sebatah which is on the road to Suez , quarter of an hour N. of Rohebeh or Ruheibeh .

Rowlands identifies Zephath with Sebata , whose ruins extend 500 yards in length, 300 in width, 20 miles from Ain Gadis which Palmer makes Kadesh. Then the fort El Meshrifeh would command the only pass to Sebaita . The name of the low mountains 15 miles S.W. of Meshrifeh ; Ras Amir marks the hill country of the Amorites. Palmer makes Sebaita the city of Zephath, and Meshrifeh , three miles off, its protecting tower.

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [2]

A Canaanitish city afterwards called Hormah, one of the "uttermost cities of Judah southwards," afterwards assigned to Simeon,  Joshua 12:14   15:30   19:4 . The name is supposed to be traceable in Sufah, a long and rough pass leading from the south up into the mountains of Judah. It was at Zephath that the Israelites were repulsed in attempting to ascend from Kadesh,  Numbers 14:40-45   21:3   Deuteronomy 1:44   Judges 1:17 .

Smith's Bible Dictionary [3]

Ze'phath. (Watch-Tower). The earlier name,  Judges 1:17, of a Canaanite town, which, after its capture and destruction, was called by the Israelites, Hormah . See Hormah .

Holman Bible Dictionary [4]

 Judges 1:17

Easton's Bible Dictionary [5]

 Judges 1:17

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [6]

ZEPHATH . See Hormah.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [7]


Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [8]

Bibliography Information McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Zephath'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/z/zephath.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [9]

Ze´phath, a Canaanitish city, afterwards called Hormah (). The ancient designation is perhaps retained in the modern Sufah, the name of a difficult pass leading up from the Arabah to the south of Judah.