From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

1: Ζημία (Strong'S #2209 — Noun Feminine — zemia — dzay-mee'-ah )

akin to No. 2, above, is used in  Acts 27:10 , RV, "loss" (AV, "damage");  Acts 27:21 , AV and RV, "loss," of ship and cargo; in  Philippians 3:7,8 of the Apostle's estimate of the things which he formerly valued, and of all things on account of "the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus."

2: Ἀποβολή (Strong'S #580 — — apobole — ap-ob-ol-ay' )

lit., "casting away" (apo, "away," ballo, "to cast"), is translated "loss" in  Acts 27:22; in  Romans 11:15 , "casting away," of the temporary exclusion of the nation of Israel from its position of Divine favor, involving the reconciling of the world (i.e., the provision made through the Gospel, which brings the world within the scope of reconciliation).

3: Ἥττημα (Strong'S #2275 — Noun Neuter — hettema — hayt'-tay-mah )

denotes "a defect, loss,"  Romans 11:12 , RV, "loss," AV, "diminishing" (for the meaning of which in regard to Israel see No. 2);  1—Corinthians 6:7 , RV, "defect" (AV, "fault"). See Defect.


Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): ( v. i.) To make sly remarks, or insinuations.

(2): ( n.) Brightness or luster of a body proceeding from a smooth surface; polish; as, the gloss of silk; cloth is calendered to give it a gloss.

(3): ( n.) A specious appearance; superficial quality or show.

(4): ( v. t.) To give a superficial luster or gloss to; to make smooth and shining; as, to gloss cloth.

(5): ( n.) A foreign, archaic, technical, or other uncommon word requiring explanation.

(6): ( n.) An interpretation, consisting of one or more words, interlinear or marginal; an explanatory note or comment; a running commentary.

(7): ( n.) A false or specious explanation.

(8): ( v. t.) To render clear and evident by comments; to illustrate; to explain; to annotate.

(9): ( v. t.) To give a specious appearance to; to render specious and plausible; to palliate by specious explanation.

(10): ( v. i.) To make comments; to comment; to explain.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [3]

 1 Corinthians 3:15 (a) This word is telling us that the believer's life should be filled with profitable and useful works so that he will receive a full reward at the judgment day. It has no reference whatever to the salvation of the soul. It refers only to a failure to receive a reward for faithful service. It is the reward that is lost, not his soul.

 Philippians 3:7 (b) Paul indicates plainly that all those religious observances which he practiced before he was saved, before he met the Lord Jesus were only a liability to him, and not an asset. He was glad to get rid of all his beliefs and practices as a Pharisee in order that he might enjoy the liberty and the loveliness of Christ Jesus his new Lord. The old things as a Jew were a liability to him. The new things as a Christian were an asset to him.

King James Dictionary [4]

LOSS, n.

1. privation, as the loss of property loss of money by gaming loss of health or reputation. every loss is not a detriment. we cannot regret the loss of bad company or of evil habits. 2. Destruction ruin as the loss of a ship at sea the loss of an army. 3. Defeat as the loss of a battle. 4. Waste useless application as a loss of time or labor. 5. Waste by leakage or escape as a loss of liquors in transportation.

To bear a loss, to make good also, to sustain a loss without sinking under it.

To be at a loss, to be puzzled to be unable to determine to be in a state of uncertainty.

Holman Bible Dictionary [5]


International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [6]

חטא , ḥāṭā' , "to suffer as one erring, or as a sinner" (  Genesis 31:39 , where Jacob assures Laban that he (Jacob) suffered the loss of all animals of the flock torn by beasts); שׁכול , shekhōl , "bereavement" ( Isaiah 47:8 f, where the prophet foretells the humiliation of proud Babylon who shall suffer the loss of her children, and widowhood); שׁכּלים , shikkulı́m , "bereavement" ( Isaiah 49:20 , translated "bereavement" in the Revised Version (British and American), where the prophet promises to the desolate Zion enlargement). In the New Testament the translations of three Greek words: ἀποβολἡ , apobolḗ , "casting away" ( Acts 27:22 , where Paul assures the crew and passengers that there shall be no "loss" of life from the storm); ζημία , zēmı́a , "loss" ( Acts 27:21 , referring to the harm sustained in the storm;  Philippians 3:7 f, where Paul counts all his natural privileges and attainments as forfeited for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ); ζημιόω , zēmióō . "to suffer loss" ( 1 Corinthians 3:15 , where Paul says the man whose works are burned shall suffer "loss";  Philippians 3:8 , same context as above).

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [7]

(prop. some form of the verb אָבִד Ἀπόλλυμι , but likewise a frequent rendering of several other Heb. and Gr. terms which usually imply an idea of damage). According to the Mosaic law, whoever among the Hebrews found any lost article ( אֲבֵדָה ) was required to take it to his home, and then endeavor to discover the proper owner ( Deuteronomy 22:1-3). This would, of course, particularly apply to stray animals, and Josephus gives some special details with respect to money so found ( Ant. 4:8. 29; compare the Mishna, Shekal . 7:2). In case of the abstraction of property while in the possession of the finder, the latter had not only to make it good. but also to add one fifth of its value, and even to make a sin-offering likewise ( Leviticus 6:3 sq.). The Mishna makes many casuistical distinctions on this subject ( Baba Mezia , 1:2), especially with regard to advertising ( הכריז i.e., Κηρύττειν ) the discovered property. (See Damage).