Cut

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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

1: Κόπτω (Strong'S #2875 — Verb — kopto — kop'-to )

denotes "to cut by a blow," e.g., branches,  Matthew 21:8;  Mark 11:8 . See Bewail , Lament , Mourn , Wail.

2: Ἀποκόπτω (Strong'S #609 — Verb — apokopto — ap-ok-op'-to )

"to cut off, or cut away" (apo, "from," and No. 1), is used (a) literally, of members of the body,  Mark 9:43,45;  John 18:10,26; of ropes,  Acts 27:32; (b) metaphorically, in the Middle Voice, of "cutting off oneself," to excommunicate,  Galatians 5:12 , of the Judaizing teachers, with a reference, no doubt, to circumcision.

3: Ἐκκόπτω (Strong'S #1581 — Verb — ekkopto — ek-kop'-to )

lit., "to cut or strike out" (ek, "out or off," and No. 1), "to cut or down," is used (a) literally,  Matthew 5:30 (in   Matthew 3:10;  7:19;  Luke 3:9 , "hewn down");  Matthew 18:8;  Luke 13:7,9; (b) metaphorically, of "cutting off" from spiritual blessing,  Romans 11:22,24; of depriving persons of an occasion for something,  2—Corinthians 11:12 . See Hew.

 1—Peter 3:7

4: Κατακόπτω (Strong'S #2629 — Verb — katakopto — kat-ak-op'-to )

lit., "to cut down, cut in pieces" (kata, "down," intensive),  Mark 5:5 , of the demoniac.

5: Διαπρίω (Strong'S #1282 — Verb — diaprio — dee-ap-ree'-o )

signifies "to saw asunder" (dia, "asunder," prio, "to saw"), "to divide by a saw" (as in  1—Chronicles 20:3 , Sept.), hence, metaphorically, "to be sawn through mentally, to be rent with vexation, to be cut to the heart," is used in  Acts 5:33;  7:54 .

6: Διχοτομέω (Strong'S #1371 — Verb — dichotomeo — dee-khot-om-eh'-o )

lit., "to cut into two parts" (dicha, "apart," temno, "to cut," tome, "a cutting"),  Matthew 24:51 , "to cut asunder," is used in  Luke 12:46 . Some take the reference to be to the mode of punishment by which criminals and captives were "cut" in two; others, on account of the fact that in these passages the delinquent is still surviving after the treatment, take the verb to denote "to cut up" by scourging, to scourge severely, the word being used figuratively.

 Matthew 24:51 Exodus 29:17  Genesis 15:11,17 Exodus 29:17 Leviticus 1:8 Ezekiel 24:4

7: Συντέμνω (Strong'S #4932 — Verb — suntemno — soon-tem'-no )

lit., "to cut together" (sun, "with," temno, "to cut;" the simple verb temno is not found in the NT), signifies "to contract by cutting, to cut short;" thus, to bring to an end or accomplish speedily; it is said of a prophecy or decree,  Romans 9:28 (twice), from the Sept. of   Isaiah 10:23 . See Short.

8: Ἀφαιρέω (Strong'S #851 — Verb — aphaireo — af-ahee-reh'-o )

"to take away, remove," is translated "cut off" in  Mark 14:47 , AV, and  Luke 22:50 , and "smote off" in  Matthew 26:51; RV, "struck off" in each place. See Smite , Take.

King James Dictionary [2]

CUT, pret. and prep. cut. L., to thrust, to drive, to strike.

1. To separate the parts of any body by an edged instrument, either by striking, as with an ax, or by sawing or rubbing to make a gash, incision or notch, which separates the external part of a body, as to cut the flesh. It signifies also, to cut into pieces to sever or divide as, to cut timber in the forest. But when an entire separation of the body is intended, it is usually followed by off, down, asunder, in two, in pieces, or other word denoting such severance.

Ye shall not cut yourselves, that is, ye shall not gash your flesh.  Deuteronomy 14 .

2. To hew.

Thy servants can skill to cut timber.  2 Chronicles 2 .

3. To carve, as meat to carve or engrave in sculpture. 4. To divide to cleave, by passing through as, a ship cuts the briny deep. 5. To penetrate to pierce to affect deeply as, a sarcasm cuts to the quick. 6. To divide, as a pack of cards as, to cut and shuffle. 7. To intersect to cross. One line cuts another at right angles. The ecliptic cuts the equator. 8. To castrate.

To cut across, to pass by a shorter course, so as to cut off an angle or distance.

To cut asunder, to cut into pieces to divide to sever.

He hath cut asunder the cords of the wicked.  Psalms 129 .

To cut down, to fell to cause to fall by severing.

Ye shall cut down their groves.  Exodus 34 .

Hence, to depress to abash to humble to shame to silence as, his eloquence cuts down the finest orator.

This phrase is not elegant, but is in popular use.

To cut off,

1. To separate one part from another as, to cut off a finger, or an arm to cut off the right hand figure to cut off a letter or syllable. 2. To destroy to extirpate to put to death untimely.

Jezebel cut off the prophets of the Lord.  1 Kings 18 .

Evil doers shall be cut off.  Psalms 37 .

3. To separate to remove to a distance, or to prevent all intercourse. A man in another country or in prison is cut off from his country or his friends. 4. To interrupt as, to cut off communication. 5. To separate to remove to take away as, to cut off ten years of life. 6. To intercept to hinder from return, or union. The troops were cut off from the ships. 7. To end to finish as, to cut off all controversy. 8. To prevent or preclude as, to cut off all occasion of blame. 9. To preclude or shut out. The sinner cuts himself off from the benefits of Christianity. 10. To stop, interrupt or silence.

The judge cut off the counsel very short.

To cut on,

1. To hasten to run or ride with the utmost speed a vulgar phrase. 2.To urge or drive in striking to quicken blows to hasten.

To cut out,

1. To remove a part by cutting or carving as, to cut out a piece from a board to cut out the tongue. Hence, 2. To shape or form by cutting as, to cut out a garment to cut out an image to cut out a wood into walks. Hence, 3. To scheme to contrive to prepare as, to cut out word for another day. So we say, to strike out. 4. To shape to adapt. He is no cut out for an author. Not elegant. 5. To debar. Not common. 6. To take the preference or precedence of as, to cut out a prior judgment creditor. 7. To step in and take the place of, as in courting and dancing. A vulgar phrase. 8. To interfere as a horse, when the shoe of one foot beats off the skin of the pastern joint of another.

To cut short,

1. To hinder from proceeding by sudden interruption.

Achilles cut him short.

2. To shorten to abridge as, to cut short of provisions or pay to cut the matter short.

To cut up,

1. To cut in pieces as, to cut up beef. 2. To eradicate to cut off as, to cut up shrubs.

CUT,

1. To pass into or through and sever to enter and divide the parts as, an instrument cuts well. 2. To be severed by a cutting instrument as, this fruit cuts easy or smooth. 3. To divide by passing.

The teeth are ready to cut.

4. To perform a surgical operation by cutting, especially in lithotomy.

He saved lives by cutting for the stone.

5. To interfere, as a horse.

To cut in, to divide, or turn a card, for determining who are to play.

CUT, pp. Gashed divided hewn carved intersected pierced deeply affected castrated.

Cut and dry, prepared for use a metaphor from hewn timber.

CUT, n.

1. The action of an edged instrument a stroke or blow, as with an ax or sword. 2. A cleft a gash a notch a wound the opening made by an edged instrument, distinguished by its length from that made by perforation with a pointed instrument. 3. A stroke or blow with a whip. 4. A channel made by cutting or digging a ditch a groove a furrow a canal. 5. A part cut off from the rest as a good cut of beef a cut of timber. Also, any small piece or shred. 6. A lot made by cutting a stick as, to draw cuts. 7. A near passage, by which an angle is cut off a shorter cut. 8. A picture cut or cared on wood or metal, and impressed from it. 9. The stamp on which a picture is carved, and by which it is impressed. 10. The act of dividing a pack of cards. Also, the right to divide as, whose cut is it? 11. Manner in which a thing is cut form shape fashion as the cut of a garment the cut of his beard. 12. A fool a cully a gelding. Not in use.

Cut and long tail, men of all kinds a proverbial expression borrowed from dogs.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): (n.) A stroke on the off side between point and the wicket; also, one who plays this stroke.

(2): (n.) A skein of yarn.

(3): (n.) The failure of a college officer or student to be present at any appointed exercise.

(4): (v. t.) To deflect (a bowled ball) to the off, with a chopping movement of the bat.

(5): (a.) Gashed or divided, as by a cutting instrument.

(6): (n.) A slanting stroke causing the ball to spin and bound irregularly; also, the spin so given to the ball.

(7): (n.) An opening made with an edged instrument; a cleft; a gash; a slash; a wound made by cutting; as, a sword cut.

(8): (n.) A stroke or blow or cutting motion with an edged instrument; a stroke or blow with a whip.

(9): (v. t.) To drive (a ball) to one side by hitting with another ball.

(10): (v. t.) To strike (a ball) with the racket inclined or struck across the ball so as to put a certain spin on the ball.

(11): (v. t.) To drive (an object ball) to either side by hitting it fine on the other side with the cue ball or another object ball.

(12): (a.) Overcome by liquor; tipsy.

(13): (a.) Formed or shaped as by cutting; carved.

(14): (n.) That which wounds the feelings, as a harsh remark or criticism, or a sarcasm; personal discourtesy, as neglecting to recognize an acquaintance when meeting him; a slight.

(15): (v. i.) To divide a pack of cards into two portion to decide the deal or trump, or to change the order of the cards to be dealt.

(16): (v. t.) To wound or hurt deeply the sensibilities of; to pierce; to lacerate; as, sarcasm cuts to the quick.

(17): (n.) The right to divide; as, whose cut is it?

(18): (n.) Manner in which a thing is cut or formed; shape; style; fashion; as, the cut of a garment.

(19): (n.) A common work horse; a gelding.

(20): (n.) A notch, passage, or channel made by cutting or digging; a furrow; a groove; as, a cut for a railroad.

(21): (n.) The surface left by a cut; as, a smooth or clear cut.

(22): (n.) A portion severed or cut off; a division; as, a cut of beef; a cut of timber.

(23): (v. t.) To separate the parts of with, or as with, a sharp instrument; to make an incision in; to gash; to sever; to divide.

(24): (v. t.) To sever and cause to fall for the purpose of gathering; to hew; to mow or reap.

(25): (v. t.) To sever and remove by cutting; to cut off; to dock; as, to cut the hair; to cut the nails.

(26): (v. t.) To castrate or geld; as, to cut a horse.

(27): (imp. & p. p.) of Cut

(28): (v. t.) To form or shape by cutting; to make by incision, hewing, etc.; to carve; to hew out.

(29): (n.) The act of dividing a pack cards.

(30): (v. i.) To perform the operation of dividing, severing, incising, intersecting, etc.; to use a cutting instrument.

(31): (v. i.) To make a stroke with a whip.

(32): (v. t.) To intersect; to cross; as, one line cuts another at right angles.

(33): (v. i.) To move or make off quickly.

(34): (v. i.) To interfere, as a horse.

(35): (v. t.) To refuse to recognize; to ignore; as, to cut a person in the street; to cut one's acquaintance.

(36): (v. i.) To do the work of an edged tool; to serve in dividing or gashing; as, a knife cuts well.

(37): (n.) An engraved block or plate; the impression from such an engraving; as, a book illustrated with fine cuts.

(38): (v. i.) To admit of incision or severance; to yield to a cutting instrument.

(39): (v. t.) To absent one's self from; as, to cut an appointment, a recitation. etc.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [4]

 Jeremiah 50:23 (b) This is a type of the judgment of GOD upon Babylon. GOD used Babylon as a hammer to punish the earth and having done so He sent another nation to destroy Babylon. To illustrate this He used the picture of the hammer being cut in two parts and broken to pieces.

 Matthew 24:51 (b) This figure is used to describe the helplessness and the hopelessness of one whom GOD casts into the lake of fire.

 Mark 5:5 (c) By this picture is described the damage that the unsaved to do their hearts and lives when they wonder from GOD among the cares, sins and sorrows of this world.

 Luke 13:7 (b) This probably is a type which describes the death of one who lives a fruitless and useless life in GOD's sight. More particularly it depicts the destruction of Israel after GOD had done so much to make her fruitful and useful.

 Acts 7:54 (a) This is a graphic way of stating that Stephen's words went home to the hearts of his enemies and convicted them of their wickedness.

References