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King James Dictionary [1]

TEM'PORAL, a. L. temporalis, from tempus, time.

1. Pertaining to this life or this world or the body only secular as temporal concerns temporal affairs. In this sense, it is opposed to spiritual. Let not temporal affairs or employments divert the mind from spiritual concerns, which are far more important.

In this sense also it is opposed to ecclesiastical as temporal power, that is, secular, or political power temporal courts, those which take cognizance of suits. Temporal jurisdiction is that which regards and political affairs.

2. Measured or limited by time, or by this life or this state of things having limited existence opposed to eternal.

The things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.  2 Corinthians 4

3. In grammar, relating to a tense as a temporal augment. 4. Pertaining to the temple or temples of the head as the temporal bone a temporal artery or vein temporal muscle.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [2]

1: Πρόσκαιρος (Strong'S #4340 — Adjective — proskairos — pros'-kahee-ros )

"for a season" (pros, "for," kairos, "a season"), is rendered "temporal" in  2—Corinthians 4:18 . See Season , While.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( a.) Of or pertaining to the temple or temples; as, the temporal bone; a temporal artery.

(2): ( n.) Of or pertaining to time, that is, to the present life, or this world; secular, as distinguished from sacred or eternal.

(3): ( n.) Anything temporal or secular; a temporality; - used chiefly in the plural.

(4): ( n.) Civil or political, as distinguished from ecclesiastical; as, temporal power; temporal courts.

Charles Buck Theological Dictionary [4]

A term often used for secular, as a distinction from spiritual or ecclesiastical; likewise for any thing belonging to time in contrast with eternity.