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Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): ( v. i.) To fly or be scattered in small drops or particles.

(2): ( n.) A small quantity scattered, or sparsely distributed; a sprinkling.

(3): ( v. i.) To scatter a liquid, or any fine substance, so that it may fall in particles.

(4): ( n.) A utensil for sprinkling; a sprinkler.

(5): ( v. i.) To rain moderately, or with scattered drops falling now and then; as, it sprinkles.

(6): ( v. i.) To scatter on; to disperse something over in small drops or particles; to besprinkle; as, to sprinkle the earth with water; to sprinkle a floor with sand.

(7): ( v. i.) To scatter in small drops or particles, as water, seed, etc.

(8): ( v. i.) To baptize by the application of a few drops, or a small quantity, of water; hence, to cleanse; to purify.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words [2]

Zâraq ( זָרַק , Strong'S #2236), “to throw; sprinkle; strew; toss; scatter abundantly.” This word is found in both ancient and modern Hebrew and is used in ancient Akkadian in the sense of “to spray.” Used 35 times in the text of the Hebrew Old Testament, in 26 of those times it expresses the “throwing” or “sprinkling” of blood against the sacrificial altar or on the people. Thus, it appears very often in Leviticus (1:5, 11; 3:2, 8, 13 et al.).

Ezekiel’s version of “the New Covenant” includes the “sprinkling” of the water of purification (Ezek. 36:25). In the first use of zâraq in the Old Testament, it describes the “throwing” of handsful of dust into the air which would settle down on the Egyptians and cause boils (Exod. 9:8, 10). In his reform, Josiah ground up the Canaanite idol images and “scattered, strewed,” the dust over the graves of idolworshipers (2 Chron. 34:4). In Ezekiel’s vision of the departure of God’s glory from the temple, the man in linen takes burning coals and “scatters” them over Jerusalem (Ezek. 10:2).

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [3]

 Isaiah 32:15 (a) In the days of the tabernacle Moses sprinkled the blood on everything in the tabernacle, and this was a sign to all others that GOD owned these things and had appointed these things for His own purpose and plan. So in the death of Christ He is telling us figuratively that in every nation, and among all peoples He will sprinkle the Blood of His Son on hearts and lives to make them His own children, and to save them by His grace.

 Ezekiel 36:25 (a) Probably the clean water represents the precious, pure Word of GOD. These pure messages from GOD will be brought to all the peoples of the world in some way or other, and some will believe and be saved. All will be responsible for the way they treat it.

 Hebrews 10:22 (b) The teaching in this passage probably is that the Spirit of GOD works through His Word on the heart and the mind of the believer to remove from him the sense of guilt, because the precious Blood of CHRIST has been shed to put away his sins.

King James Dictionary [4]

Sprinkle, G., L

1. To scatter to disperse as a liquid or a dry substance composed of fine separable particles to besprinkle as, to sprinkle the earth with water to sprinkle a floor with sand to sprinkle paper with iron filings. 2. To scatter on to disperse on in small drops or particles to besprinkle as, to sprinkle the earth with water to sprinkle a floor with sand to sprinkle paper with iron filings. 3. To wash to cleanse to purify.

Having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience.  Hebrews 10 .


1. To perform the act of scattering a liquid or any fine substance, so that it may fall in small particles.

The priest shall sprinkle of the oil with his fingers.  Leviticus 14 .

Baptism may well enough be performed by sprinkling or effusion of water.

2. To rain moderately as it sprinkles.

SPRINKLE, n. A small quantity scattered also, an utensil for sprinkling.

Fausset's Bible Dictionary [5]

Sprinkle, namely, with blood to atone for guilt, as the high priest did ( Leviticus 4:6;  Leviticus 16:14;  Leviticus 16:19), or with water for purifying ( Numbers 19:18-21;  Acts 2:33). So Messiah ( Isaiah 52:15;  Hebrews 9:13-14;  1 Peter 1:2). Many were astonished at Him; so shall He sprinkle many nations, even kings shall shut their mouths in dumb awe (Compare  Romans 16:25-26 , And  Romans 15:21 With  Isaiah 52:14-15 ) .

Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary [6]

See Sprinkling