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Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): ( superl.) Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or musty, turned.

(2): ( n.) A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.

(3): ( v. t.) To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable.

(4): ( v. t.) To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances.

(5): ( superl.) Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.

(6): ( superl.) Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart.

(7): ( v. t.) To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly.

(8): ( v. i.) To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity.

(9): ( v. t.) To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to sour lime for business purposes.

(10): ( superl.) Afflictive; painful.

(11): ( superl.) Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed; peevish; morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply.

(12): ( v. t.) To make cold and unproductive, as soil.

King James Dictionary [2]

SOUR, a.

1. Acid having a pungent taste sharp to the taste tart as, vinegar is sour sour cider sour beer. 2. Acid and austere or astringent as, sunripe fruits are often sour. 3. Harsh of temper crabbed peevish austere morose as a man of a sour temper. 4. Afflictive as sour adversities. Not in use. 5. Expressing discontent or peevishness. He never uttered a sour word. The lord treasurer often looked on me with a sour countenance. 6. Harsh to the feelings cold and damp as sour weather. 7. Rancid musty. 8. Turned, as milk coagulated.

SOUR, n. An acid substance.


1. To make acid to cause to have a sharp taste. So the sun's heat, with different pow'rs, ripens the grape, the liquor sours. 2. To make harsh, cold or unkindly. Tufts of grass sour land. 3. To make harsh in temper to make cross, crabbed, peevish or discontented. Misfortunes often sour'd, nor wrath debas'd my heart. 4. To make uneasy or less agreeable. Hail, great king! To sour your happiness I must report the queen is dead. 5. In rural economy, to macerate, as lime, and render fir for plaster or mortar.


1. To become acid to acquire the quality of tartness or pungency to the taste. Cider sours rapidly in the rays of the sun. When food sours in the stomach, it is evidence of imperfect digestion. 2. TO become peevish or crabbed. They hinder the hatred of vice from souring into severity.

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [3]

 Jeremiah 31:29 (b) By this peculiar type the Lord is telling us that the evil practices of the father are frequently transmitted to the children. The father may contract a disease which carries over to the child. He may have a bad habit which becomes a part of the life of the child who sees his father do it. Fathers affect their children by their beliefs and practices. (See also  Ezekiel 18:2).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [4]

sour  : (1) בּסר , bōṣer , "immature," "unripe": "The fathers have eaten sour grapes" (  Jeremiah 31:29 f;   Ezekiel 18:2; compare  Isaiah 18:5 the King James Version). (2) סור , ṣūr , "to turn aside," "degenerate": "Their drink is turned sour" (the King James Version margin "gone," the Revised Version margin "Their carouse is over").