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Webster's Dictionary [1]

(n.) One of the triad of Hindoo gods. He is the avenger or destroyer, and in modern worship symbolizes the reproductive power of nature.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia [2]

he Destroyer in the Hindu trinity, in which Brahma is the Creator and Vishnu the Preserver; Vishnu representing, as it were, death issuing in life, and Siva life issuing in death, the transition point, and Brahma, who, by means of them, "kills that he may make alive." He is worshipped as "Mahâdêva" or the great god, and his worshippers are called Saivas or Çaivas, as distinct from those of Vishnu, which are called Vaishnavas. The Linga ( q. v .) is his symbol, in emblem of the creation which follows destruction. See Psalm xc. 3.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [3]

Bibliography Information McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Siva'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.