From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): ( n.) The surface or bed of rock immediately overlying a bed of coal or a flat vein.

(2): ( n.) The cover of any building, including the roofing (see Roofing) and all the materials and construction necessary to carry and maintain the same upon the walls or other uprights. In the case of a building with vaulted ceilings protected by an outer roof, some writers call the vault the roof, and the outer protection the roof mask. It is better, however, to consider the vault as the ceiling only, in cases where it has farther covering.

(3): ( v. t.) To cover with a roof.

(4): ( v. t.) To inclose in a house; figuratively, to shelter.

(5): ( n.) That which resembles, or corresponds to, the covering or the ceiling of a house; as, the roof of a cavern; the roof of the mouth.

King James Dictionary [2]

ROOF, n.

1. The cover or upper part of a house or other building, consisting of rafters covered with boards, shingles or tiles, with a side or sides sloping from the ridge, for the purpose of carrying off the water that falls in rain or snow. In Asia, the roofs of houses are flat or horizontal. The same name, roof, is given to the sloping covers of huts, cabins and ricks to the arches of ovens, furnaces, &c. 2. A vault an arch or the interior of a vault as the roof of heaven. 3. The vault of the mouth the upper part of the mouth the palate.

If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth.  Psalms 137 .


1. To cover with a roof.

I have not seen the remains of any Roman buildings, that have not been roofed with vaults or arches.

2. To inclose in a house to shelter.

Here had we now our country's honor roof'd.

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [3]

1: Στέγη (Strong'S #4721 — Noun Feminine — stege — steg'-ay )

"a covering" (stego, "to cover"), denotes "a roof,"  Mark 2:4; said of entering a house,  Matthew 8:8;  Luke 7:6 .

Smith's Bible Dictionary [4]

Roof. See House .

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [5]

ROOF . See House, § 5 .

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [6]

See House .

Holman Bible Dictionary [7]


Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament [8]

ROOF. —See House in vol. i. p. 753a.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [9]

Bibliography Information McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Roof'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [10]

Roof [HOUSE]