From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): ( n.) The hard stratum of earth that lies below the soil. See Hard pan, under Hard.

(2): ( v. i.) To yield gold in, or as in, the process of panning; - usually with out; as, the gravel panned out richly.

(3): ( n.) A part; a portion.

(4): ( n.) The distance comprised between the angle of the epaule and the flanked angle.

(5): ( n.) A leaf of gold or silver.

(6): ( v. t. & i.) To join or fit together; to unite.

(7): ( n.) The betel leaf; also, the masticatory made of the betel leaf, etc. See /etel.

(8): ( n.) The god of shepherds, guardian of bees, and patron of fishing and hunting. He is usually represented as having the head and trunk of a man, with the legs, horns, and tail of a goat, and as playing on the shepherd's pipe, which he is said to have invented.

(9): ( n.) A shallow, open dish or vessel, usually of metal, employed for many domestic uses, as for setting milk for cream, for frying or baking food, etc.; also employed for various uses in manufacturing.

(10): ( n.) A closed vessel for boiling or evaporating. See Vacuum pan, under Vacuum.

(11): ( n.) The part of a flintlock which holds the priming.

(12): ( n.) The skull, considered as a vessel containing the brain; the upper part of the head; the brainpan; the cranium.

(13): ( n.) A recess, or bed, for the leaf of a hinge.

(14): ( v. i.) To turn out (profitably or unprofitably); to result; to develop; as, the investigation, or the speculation, panned out poorly.

(15): ( n.) A natural basin, containing salt or fresh water, or mud.

(16): ( v. t.) To separate, as gold, from dirt or sand, by washing in a kind of pan.

Easton's Bible Dictionary [2]

 Leviticus 2:5 6:21 Numbers 11:8 1 Samuel 2:14

The "ash-pans" mentioned in  Exodus 27:3 were made of copper, and were used in connection with the altar of burnt-offering. The "iron pan" mentioned in   Ezekiel 4:3 (marg., "flat plate " or "slice") was probably a mere plate of iron used for baking. The "fire-pans" of   Exodus 27:3 were fire-shovels used for taking up coals. The same Hebrew word is rendered "snuff-dishes" (25:38; 37:23) and "censers" (  Leviticus 10:1;  16:12;  Numbers 4:14 , etc.). These were probably simply metal vessels employed for carrying burning embers from the brazen altar to the altar of incense.

The "frying-pan" mentioned in  Leviticus 2:7;  7:9 was a pot for boiling.

King James Dictionary [3]

PAN, n.

1. A vessel broad and somewhat hollow or depressed in the middle, or with a raised border used for setting milk and other domestic purposes. 2. The part of a gun-lock or other fire-arms which holds the priming that communicates with the charge. 3. Something hollow as the brain pan. 4. Among farmers, the hard stratum of earth that lies below the soil called the hard pan. 5. The top of the head.

PAN, To join to close together. Local.

Holman Bible Dictionary [4]

 2 Samuel 13:9 Leviticus 2:5 Leviticus 6:21 1 Chronicles 23:29 1 Samuel 2:14 Numbers 7:14 7:20 7:26 Ezra 1:9 Ezekiel 4:3

Smith's Bible Dictionary [5]

Pan. Of the six words so rendered in the Authorized Version, two seem to imply A Shallow Pan or Plate , such as is used by the Bedouine and Syrians for baking or dressing rapidly their cakes of meal, such as were used in legal oblations; the others, A Deeper Vessel or Caldron for boiling meat, placed, during the process, on three stones.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [6]

Some of these were made of iron as mentioned in  Ezekiel 4:3 , and were used for baking cakes, etc.  Leviticus 2:5;  1 Chronicles 23:29 . The iron plates that were laid on the small ovens, and on which bread and cakes were baked, are probably alluded to.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [7]

PAN. See House, § 9 .

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [8]

is the rendering in the A.V. of the following words in the original. (See Dish).

1. Kiyor , כַּיּוֹר or כַּיּרֹ (from כּוּר , To Cook ), a Basin of metal used for boiling or stewing ( 1 Samuel 2:14; Sept. Λέβητα Τὸν Μέγαν ; Vulg. Lebetem ); also as a laver (as generally rendered) or basin for washing ( Exodus 30:18; Sept. Λουτῆρα ; Vulg. Labrum ;  1 Kings 7:38;  1 Kings 7:40;  1 Kings 7:43; Sept. Χυτροκαύλους ; Alex. Χυτρογαύλους ; Vulg. Luteres ); and (with

אֵשׁ ) a Brazier for carrying fire ( Zechariah 12:6; A.V. "hearth;" Sept. Δαλὸνπυρός ; Vulg. Caminum ignis); finally a wooden Platform from which to speak ( 2 Chronicles 6:13; A.V. "pulpit"), doubtless from its round form. (See Layer).

2. Machabdth , מִחֲבִת (from חָבִת obs., prob. to cook; comp. Arab. Khabaza , to prepare food), a shallow vessel or griddle used for baking cakes ( Leviticus 2:5;  Leviticus 6:14 [A.V. 21]; 7:9;  1 Chronicles 23:29 ["flat plate," marg. A.V.];  Ezekiel 4:3); Sept. Τήγανον ; Vulg. Sartago ; apparently a shallow pan or plate, like that used by Bedawin and Syrians for baking or dressing rapidly their cakes of meal, such as were used in legal oblations. (See Cake).

3. Masreth , מִשְׂרֵת , a flat vessel or Plate for baking cakes ( 2 Samuel 13:9; Sept. Τήγανον ). Gesenius says the etymology is uncertain, but suggests that the word may be derived from a root שָׂרָה or שָׁרָה = Arab. Sharay , to Shine , and was applied to the pan because it was kept bright. The distinction, therefore, between this and the preceding word may be that the Masreth was used dry, while the Machabath was employed for cooking in oil. (See Bake).

4. Sir , סַיר , a deep vessel used for cooking food ( Exodus 27:3), properly a large (see  2 Kings 4:38) pot (as usually rendered) or caldron (as rendered in  Jeremiah 1:13;  Jeremiah 3:18-19;  Ezekiel 11:3;  Ezekiel 11:7;  Ezekiel 11:11); especially for boiling meat, placed during the process on three stones (Burckhardt, Notes on Bed. 1:58; Niebuhr. Descr. de l'Arabie, p. 46; Lane, Mod. Eg. 1:181). (See Caldron).

5. Parur , פָּרוּר (Sept. Χύτρα ; Vulg. olla), a vessel used for baking the manna ( Numbers 11:8), for holding soup ( Judges 6:19; A.V. "pot"), and for boiling flesh ( 1 Samuel 2:14, "pot"). Gesenius says it is for פָּארוּר , Heat , from פָּאִר = Arab. Par , To Boil . Furst questions this, and derives it from פָּרִר , To Excavate, To Deepen . (See Pot).

6. Tselachoth , צֵלָחוֹת (pl. of צֵלָחָה ), large dishes or Platters ( 2 Chronicles 35:13; Sept. Λέβητες ; Vulg. Ollae ). The cognate צִלִּחִת , Tseldchath , denotes a dish which maybe held in the hand and turned over for the purpose of wiping it ( 2 Kings 21:13); in  Proverbs 19:24;  Proverbs 26:13, it is used tropically of the bosom. (See Platter).

7. Marchesheth , מִרְחֶשֶׁת (from רָחִשׁ , to bubble over), a kettle for boiling meat ( Leviticus 2:7;  Leviticus 7:9; "frying-pan"). (See Frying-Pan).

8. Greek Λέβης , a Pot ( 1 Esdras 1:12;  2 Maccabees 7:3); but Τηγανίζειν , to broil ( 2 Maccabees 7:5, "fry in the pan"). (See Roast).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [9]

Name of a utensil used in the preparation or the serving of food, and representing several words in the original. Passing over the use of the word in connections like  1 Chronicles 9:31 , "things baked in pans," where the Hebrew word ḥăbhittı̄m refers, not to the pan itself, but to the cakes baked in the flat pan or griddle which was called maḥăbhath (see below), and the "firepans" ( maḥtāh ) ( Exodus 27:3;  1 Kings 7:50 , etc.) which seem to have been used to carry burning coals, we note the following words:

(1) מחבת , maḥăbhath , "pan" the King James Version, "baking-pan" the Revised Version (British and American), a dish of uncertain shape and size which was used in the preparation of the minḥāh or vegetable offering. See   Leviticus 2:5;  Leviticus 6:21;  Leviticus 7:9;  1 Chronicles 23:29 . On the basis of  Ezekiel 4:3 it might be assumed that the pan was rectangular in shape and of good size.

(2) כּיּור , kiyyōr , rendered "pan" in   1 Samuel 2:14 . The same word is used in the phrase, "pan of fire" the Revised Version (British and American), "hearth of fire" the King James Version ( Zechariah 12:6 ); and it is also translated "laver" in the descriptions of the furnishing of tabernacle and temple ( Exodus 30:18;  1 Kings 7:30 , etc.). As it held water and was used for boiling meat and the like, it must have been a kind of pot or kettle.

(3) משׂרת , masrēth , (  2 Samuel 15:9 ). The connection gives no clue as to shape or size except that it must have been small enough to serve food in, and of the proper shape to hold a substance which could be poured out. Some authorities suggest a connection with the root שׂאר , se'ōr , "leaven," and think that this pan was like the kneading-trough in shape.

(4) סיר , ṣı̄r , rendered "pan" in   Exodus 27:3 the King James Version, "pot" the Revised Version (British and American). See Pot .

(5) פּרוּר , pārūr , "pan" in   Numbers 11:8 the King James Version, "pot" the Revised Version (British and American). See Pot .

(6) צלחה , cēl̄aḥāh (  2 Chronicles 35:13 ). Some kind of dish or pot. Slightly different forms of the same root are rendered "cruse" ( 2 Kings 2:20 ( celōḥı̄th ), "dish" ( 2 Kings 21:13 ( callaḥath ); and also in the Revised Version (British and American) in  Proverbs 19:24;  Proverbs 26:15 , instead of the probably incorrect "bosom" of the King James Version.

(7) λέβης , lébēs translated "pan" in 1 Esdras 1:12 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "cauldron").

(8) τήλανον , tḗganon ,   2 Maccabees 7:3,5 , with the verb τηγανίζω , tēganı́zō , 7:5, is the usual Greek word for "frying-pan," but here a large sheet of metal must be meant (compare 4Macc 8:13; 12:10,20).


Whitehouse, Primer of Hebrew Antiquities , 76,77; Benzinger, Hebraische Archaologie , 70,71; Nowack, Hebraische Archdologie , I, 144.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia [10]

In the Greek mythology a goat-man, a personification of rude nature, and the protector of flocks and herds; originally an Arcadian deity, is represented as playing on a flute of reeds joined together of different lengths, called Pan's pipes; and dancing on his cloven hoofs over glades and mountains escorted by a bevy of nymphs side by side, and playing on his pipes. There is a remarkable tradition, that on the night of the Nativity at Bethlehem an astonished voyager heard a voice exclaiming as he passed the promontory of Tarentum, "The great Pan is dead." The modern devil is invested with some of his attributes, such as cloven hoofs, &c.