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Fausset's Bible Dictionary [1]

 Genesis 10:2, sons, i.e. descendants, of Japheth, an ethnic designation. The Medes, who called themselves Made, S.W. of the Caspian. Some came with the Scythians to Europe, the mixed race formed the Sarmatians. Modern ethnology has found that in physical type and language the Medes belong to the Indo Germanic family of mankind, comprising the Celts, Greeks, Romans, etc.

Smith's Bible Dictionary [2]

Mad'a-i. (Middle Land).  Genesis 10:2. Madia is usually called the third son of Japhet, and the progenitor of the Medes; but probably all that is intended is that the Medes, as well as the Gomerites, Greeks, Tabareni, Moschi, etc., descended from Japhet.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [3]

Son of Japheth and progenitor of the MEDES, q.v.  Genesis 10:2;  1 Chronicles 1:5 . The Hebrew for Madai and Medes is the same.

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible [4]

MADAI Genesis 10:2 =   1 Chronicles 1:6 ). See Medes.

Holman Bible Dictionary [5]

 Genesis 10:2 1 Chronicles 1:5

American Tract Society Bible Dictionary [6]

The third son of Japheth, ancestor of the Medes, etc.,  Genesis 10:2 .

Easton's Bible Dictionary [7]

 Genesis 10:2

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [8]

(Heb. Maday', מָדִי , Sept. Μαδοί ,  Genesis 10:2, a MEDE (See Mede) [q.v.], as elsewhere rendered), the third son of Japhet ( Genesis 10:2), from whom the Medes, etc., are supposed to have descended. B.C. post 2514. (See Ethnology).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [9]

mad´ā́ - ı̄ , mā´dı ( מדי , mādhay ). See Medes .

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature [10]

Mad´ai, third son of Japhet , from whom the Medes, etc., are supposed to have descended (Gog; Nations, Dispersion of].