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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

1: Τίθημι (Strong'S #5087 — Verb — tithemi — tith'-ay-mee )

"to put, place, set," frequently signifies "to lay," and is used of (a) "laying" a corpse in a tomb,  Matthew 27:60;  Mark 6:29;  15:47;  16:6;  Luke 23:53,55;  John 11:34;  19:41,42;  20:2,13,15;  Acts 7:16;  13:29;  Revelation 11:9 , RV, "to be laid" (AV, "to be put"); in an upper chamber,  Acts 9:37; (b) "laying" the sick in a place,  Mark 6:56;  Luke 5:18;  Acts 3:2;  5:15; (c) "laying" money at the Apostles' feet,  Acts 4:35,37;  5:2; (d) Christ's "laying" His hands upon children  Mark 10:16 , RV, "laying" (AV, "put"); upon John,  Revelation 1:17 (in the best mss.); (e) "laying" down one's life, (1) of Christ,   John 10:11 , RV, "layeth down" (AV, "giveth"); Kohn 10:17,18 (twice);  1—John 3:16; (2) of Peter for Christ's sake,  John 13:37,38; (3) of Christ's followers, on behalf of others,  1—John 3:16; (4) of anyone, for his friends,  John 15:13; (f) "laying" up sayings in one's heart,  Luke 1:66 (Middle Voice, in the sense of "for themselves"); in   Luke 9:44 , of letting Christ's words "sink" (Middle Voice, in the sense of "for oneself;" AV, "sink down") into the ears; (g) "laying" a foundation (1) literally,  Luke 6:48;  14:29; (2) metaphorically, of Christ in relation to an assembly,  1—Corinthians 3:10,11; (h) in "laying" Christ as a "stone of stumbling" for Israel,  Romans 9:33; (i) Christ's "laying" aside His garments,  John 13:4; (j) Christians, in "laying" money in store for the help of the needy,  1—Corinthians 16:2 (lit., "let him put"); (k) "depositing" money,   Luke 19:21,22 . See Appoint.

2: Κατατίθημι (Strong'S #2698 — Verb — katatithemi — kat-at-ith'-ay-mee )

"to lay down" (kata), is used in  Mark 15:46 of the act of Joseph of Arimathaea in "laying" Christ's body in the tomb (some mss. have No. 1 here). See Do , Note (4) SHEW.

3: Βάλλω (Strong'S #906 — Verb — ballo — bal'-lo )

"to cast, throw, place, put," is used in the Passive Voice signifying "to be laid," e.g.,  Mark 7:30;  Luke 16:20; for  Matthew 8:14 , RV, "lying" (AV, "laid") and  Matthew 9:2 , see Lie , No. (3). See Cast.

4: Ἐπιβάλλω (Strong'S #1911 — Verb — epiballo — ep-ee-bal'-lo )

"to lay upon," is used of seizing men, to imprison them,  Acts 4:3 . See Cast.

5: Καταβάλλω (Strong'S #2598 — Verb — kataballo — kat-ab-al'-lo )

"to cast down" (kata), is used metaphorically in  Hebrews 6:1 , in the Middle Voice, negatively, "of laying" a foundation of certain doctrines. See Cast.

6: Κλίνω (Strong'S #2827 — Verb — klino — klee'-no )

"to make to bend, to bow," or "to make to lean, to rest," is used in  Matthew 8:20;  Luke 9:58 , in the Lord's statement, "the Son of man hath not where to lay His head;" it is significant that this verb is used in  John 19:30 of the Lord's act at the moment of His death in placing His head into a position of rest, not a helpless drooping of the head as in all other cases of crucifixion. He reversed the natural order, by first reclining His head (indicative of His submission to His Fathers will), and then "giving up His spirit." The rest He found not on earth in contrast to His creatures the foxes and birds, He found in this consummating act on the cross. See Bow.

7: Ἀνακλίνω (Strong'S #347 — Verb — anaklino — an-ak-lee'-no )

"to lay down, make to recline" (in the Passive Voice, "to lie back, recline"), is used in  Luke 2:7 , of the act of the Virgin Mary in "laying" her Child in a manger. See Sit.

8: Ἀποτίθημι (Strong'S #659 — Verb — apotithemi — ap-ot-eeth'-ay-mee )

"to put off from oneself" (apo, "from," and No. 1), always in the Middle Voice in the NT, is used metaphorically in  Hebrews 12:1 "laying aside (every weight);" in   James 1:21 , AV, "lay apart," RV, "putting away;" in  Acts 7:58 of "laying" down garments, after taking them off, for the purpose of stoning Stephen. See Cast , Put.

9: Ὑποτίθημι (Strong'S #5294 — Verb — hupotithemi — hoop-ot-ith'-ay-mee )

"to place under, lay down" (hupo, "under," and No. 1), is used metaphorically in  Romans 16:4 , of risking one's life, "laid down" (their own necks). In the Middle Voice in  1—Timothy 4:6 it is used of "putting" persons in mind, RV, (AV, "in remembrance"). See Remembrance.

10: Ἐπιτίθημι (Strong'S #2007 — Verb — epitithemi — ep-ee-tith'-ay-mee )

"to add to, lay upon," etc., is used of "laying" hands on the sick, for healing,  Matthew 9:18;  19:13 , RV, "lay" (AV, "put"); 19:15;  Mark 5:23;  6:5;  7:32;  8:23 RV, "laid" (AV, "put"); so in   Mark 8:25;  16:18;  Luke 4:40;  13:13;  Acts 6:6;  8:17,19;  9:12,17 , RV, "laying" (AV, "putting");  Acts 13:3;  19:6;  28:8; in some mss. in  Revelation 1:17 , see No. 1, (d); of "laying" hands on a person by way of public recognition,  1—Timothy 5:22; of a shepherd's "laying" a sheep on his shoulders,  Luke 15:5; of "laying" the cross on Christ's shoulders,  Luke 23:26; of "laying" on stripes,  Acts 16:23; wood on a fire,  Acts 28:3; metaphorically, of "laying" burden's on men's shoulders,  Matthew 23:4; similarly of "giving" injunctions,  Acts 15:28 (cp. "put ... upon" in   Acts 15:10 ). See Lade , Put , Set , Surname , Wound.

11: Ἀνατίθημι (Strong'S #394 — Verb — anatithemi — an-at-ith'-em-ahee )

"to put up or before" (ana), is used in the Middle Voice of "laying" a case before an authority,  Acts 25:14 , RV, "laid before," for AV, "declared unto;" of "setting forth" a matter for consideration,  Galatians 2:2 , RV, "laid before (them the Gospel)," for AV, "communicated unto." See Communicate , Declare.

12: Προστίθημι (Strong'S #4369 — Verb — prostithemi — pros-tith'-ay-mee )

"to put to, add," is used in the Passive Voice in  Acts 13:36 , "was laid" (unto his fathers), of the burial of David. See Add , No. 2.

13: Ἐκτείνω (Strong'S #1614 — Verb — ekteino — ek-ti'-no )

"to stretch out or forth," especially of the hand is used of "laying" out anchors from a vessel, in  Acts 27:30 , RV, "lay out" (AV, "cast ... out"). See Cast , Notes, Stretch.

14: Κεῖμαι (Strong'S #2749 — Verb — keimai — ki'-mahee )

"to be laid, to lie," is used as the Passive Voice of tithemi, "to put," and is translated by some part of the verb "to be laid" in  Matthew 3:10;  Luke 3:9 , of an axe;  Luke 12:19 , of goods;  John 21:9 , where the verb has been omitted from the translation, after the words "a fire of coals" (for epikeimai, of the fish, see No. 15);  1—Corinthians 3:11 , of Christ, as a foundation. See Appoint , Lie , MADE (be), Set.

 Luke 23:53 Luke 24:12 John 11:41

15: Ἐπίκειμαι (Strong'S #1945 — Verb — epikeimai — ep-ik'-i-mahee )

"to be placed, to lie on" (epi, "upon," and No. 14), is translated by the verb "to be laid upon," in  John 21:9 , of a fish; in  1—Corinthians 9:16 , of necessity. See Imposed , Instant , Lie , Press.

16: Ἀπόκειμαι (Strong'S #606 — Verb — apokeimai — ap-ok'-i-mahee )

"to be laid away, or up," is used of money in a napkin,  Luke 19:20; metaphorically, of a hope,  Colossians 1:5; the crown of righteousness,  2—Timothy 4:8 . In  Hebrews 9:27 , said of physical death, it is translated "it is appointed" (RV marg., "laid up"). See Appoint.

17: Θησαυρίζω (Strong'S #2343 — Verb — thesaurizo — thay-sow-rid'-zo )

"to lay up, store up" (akin to thesauros, "a treasury, a storehouse, a treasure"), is used of "laying" up treasures, on earth,  Matthew 6:19; in Heaven,  Matthew 6:20; in the last days,  James 5:3 , RV, "ye have laid up your treasure" (AV, "ye have heaped treasure together"); in  Luke 12:21 , "that layeth up treasure (for himself);" in  1—Corinthians 16:2 , of money for needy ones (here the present participle is translated "in store," lit. "treasuring" or "storing," the "laying by" translating the preceding verb tithemi, see No. 1); in  2—Corinthians 12:14 , negatively, of children for parents; metaphorically, of "laying" up wrath,  Romans 2:5 , "treasurest up." In  2—Peter 3:7 the Passive Voice is used of the heavens and earth as "stored up" for fire, RV (marg., "stored" with fire), AV, "kept in store." See Store , Treasure.

18: Τραχηλίζω (Strong'S #5136 — Verb — trachelizo — trakh-ay-lid'-zo )

"to seize and twist the neck" (from trachelos, "the throat"), was used of wrestlers, in the sense of taking by the throat. The word is found in  Hebrews 4:13 , "laid open," RV (AV, "opened"). The literal sense of the word seems to be "with the head thrown back and the throat exposed." Various suggestions have been made as to the precise significance of the word in this passage. Some have considered that the metaphor is from the manner of treating victims about to be sacrificed. Little help, however, can be derived from these considerations. The context serves to explain the meaning and the RV rendering is satisfactory.

 Acts 25:7 Mark 7:8Hold

King James Dictionary [2]

LAY, pret. of lie. The estate lay in the county of Hartford.

When Ahab heard these words, he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his head, and fasted and lay in sackcloth.

 1 Kings 21 .

LAY, pret. and pp. laid. L. loco, whence locus, Eng. ley or lea. The primary sense is to send or throw hence this word is the L. lego, legare, differently applied Gr. to lie down.

1. Literally, to throw down hence, to put or place applied to things broad or long, and in this respect differing from set. We lay a book on the table, when we place it on its side, but we set it on the end. We lay the foundation of a house, but we set a building on its foundation.

He laid his robe from him.  Jonah 3 .

Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid.

A stone was brought and laid on the mouth of the den.

 Daniel 6 .

2. To beat down to prostrate. Violent winds with rain lay corn and grass. 3. To settle to fix and keep from rising. A shower lays the dust. 4. To place in order to dispose with regularity in building as, to lay bricks or stones in constructing walls. 5. To spread on a surface as, to lay plaster or paint. 6. To spread or set as, to lay snares. 7. To calm to appease to still to allay.

After a tempest, when the winds are laid.

8. To quiet to still to restrain from walking as, to lay the devil. 9. To spread and set in order to prepare as, to lay a table for dinner. 10. To place in the earth for growth.

The chief time of laying gilliflowers, is in July.

11. To place at hazard to wage to stake as, to lay a crown or an eagle to lay a wager. 12. To bring forth to exclude as, to lay eggs. 13. To add to join.

Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field.  Isaiah 5 .

14. To put to apply.

She layeth her hand to the spindle.  Proverbs 31 .

15. To asses to charge to impose as, to lay a tax on land to lay a duty on salt. 16. To charge to impute as, to lay blame on one to lay want of prudence to one's charge. 17. To impose, as evil, burden, or punishment.

The Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.  Isaiah 53 .

18. To enjoin as a duty as, to lay commands on one. 19. To exhibit to present or offer as, to lay an indictment in a particular county. 20. To prostrate to slay.

The leaders first he laid along.

21. To depress and lose sight of, by sailing or departing from as, to lay the land a seaman's phrase. 22. To station to set as, to lay an ambush. 23. To contrive to scheme to plan.

To lay a cable, to twist or unite the strands.

To lay apart, to put away to reject.

Lay apart all filthiness.  James 1 .

1. To lay aside, to put off or away not to retain.

Let us lay aside every weight, and the sin that doth so easily beset us.  Hebrews 41 .

2. To discontinue as, to lay aside the use of any thing.

To lay away, to reposit in store to put aside for preservation.

To lay before, to exhibit to show to present to view. The papers are laid before Congress.

1. To lay by, to reserve for future use.

Let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him.  1 Corinthians 16 .

2. To put away to dismiss.

Let brave spirits not be laid by, as persons unnecessary for the time.

3. To put off.

And she arose and went away, and laid by her veil.  Genesis 38 .

1. To lay down, to deposit, as a pledge, equivalent or satisfaction to resign.

I lay down my life for the sheep.  John 10 .

2. To give up to resign to quit or relinquish as, to lay down an office or commission. 3. To quit to surrender the use of as, to lay down one's arms. 4. To offer or advance as, to lay down a proposition or principle.

To lay one's self down, to commit to repose.

I will both lay me down in peace and sleep -  Psalms 4 .

To lay hold of, to seize to catch. To lay hold on, is used in a like sense.

To lay in, to store to treasure to provide previously.

To lay on, to apply with force to inflict as, to lay on blows.

To lay open, to open to make bare to uncover also, to show to expose to reveal as, to lay open the designs of an enemy.

To lay over, to spread over to incrust to cover the surface as, to lay over with gold or silver.

1. To lay out, to expend as, to lay out money, or sums of money. 2. To display to discover.

He takes occasion to lay out bigotry and false confidence in all its colors. Obs.

3. To plan to dispose in order the several parts as, to lay out a garden. 4. To dress in grave clothes and place in a decent posture as, to lay out a corpse. Shakespeare uses to lay, forth. 5. To exert as, to lay out all one's strength. So with the reciprocal pronoun, to lay one's self out, is to exert strength. 1. To lay to, to charge upon to impute. 2. To apply with vigor. 3. To attack or harass. Obs. 4. To check the motion of a ship, and cause her to be stationary.

To lay together, to collect to bring to one place also, to bring into one view.

To lay to heart, to permit to affect greatly.

To lay under, to subject to as, to lay one under restraint or obligation.

1. To lay up, to store to treasure to reposit for future use.

Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven.  Matthew 6 .

2. To confine to the bed or chamber. He is laid up with the gout.

To lay siege, to besiege to encompass with an army.

To lay wait, to station for private attack to lay in ambush for.

To lay the course, in sailing, is to sail towards the port intended, without gibing.

To lay waste, to destroy to desolate to deprive of inhabitants, improvements and productions.

To lay the land, in seamen's language, is to cause the land apparently to sink or appear lower, by sailing from it the distance diminishing the elevation.


1. To bring or produce eggs.

Hens will greedily eat the herb that will make them lay the better.

2. To contrive to form a scheme. Unusual.

To lay about, to strike or throw the arms on all sides to act with vigor.

To lay at, to strike or to endeavor to strike.

The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold.  Job 41 .

1. To lay out, to purpose to intend. he lays out to make a journey. 2. To take measures.

I made strict inquiry wherever I came, and laid out for intelligence of all places.

To lay upon, to importune. Obs.

LAY, n.

1. That which lies or is laid a row a stratum a layer one rank in a series reckoned upward as a lay of wood.

A viol should have a lay of wire-strings below.

2. A bet a wager. Little used. 3. Station rank. Not used.

LAY, n. L. locus. See Lay, the verb. The words which signify place, are from verbs which express setting or laying. It is written also ley, and lea, but less properly.

A meadow a plain or plat of grass land.

A tuft of daisies on a flowery lay.

The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea.

LAY, n. Gr. to sound. L. laudo, plaudo.

A song as a loud or soft lay immortal lays.

It is used chiefly in poetry.

LAY, a. L. laicus, Gr. from people.

Pertaining to the laity or people, as distinct from the clergy not clerical as a lay person a lay preacher a lay brother.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): ( v. t.) To present or offer; as, to lay an indictment in a particular county; to lay a scheme before one.

(2): ( v. t.) To impose, as a burden, suffering, or punishment; to assess, as a tax; as, to lay a tax on land.

(3): ( v. t.) To cause to be still; to calm; to allay; to suppress; to exorcise, as an evil spirit.

(4): ( v. t.) To cause to lie dead or dying.

(5): ( v. t.) To prepare; to make ready; to contrive; to provide; as, to lay a snare, an ambush, or a plan.

(6): ( v. t.) To spread on a surface; as, to lay plaster or paint.

(7): ( n.) That which lies or is laid or is conceived of as having been laid or placed in its position; a row; a stratum; a layer; as, a lay of stone or wood.

(8): ( v. i.) To lay a wager; to bet.

(9): ( imp.) of Lie

(10): ( v. t.) To cause to lie down, to be prostrate, or to lie against something; to put or set down; to deposit; as, to lay a book on the table; to lay a body in the grave; a shower lays the dust.

(11): ( v. t.) To place in position; to establish firmly; to arrange with regularity; to dispose in ranks or tiers; as, to lay a corner stone; to lay bricks in a wall; to lay the covers on a table.

(12): ( v. i.) To take a position; to come or go; as, to lay forward; to lay aloft.

(13): ( v. t.) To put the strands of (a rope, a cable, etc.) in their proper places and twist or unite them; as, to lay a cable or rope.

(14): ( v. t.) A plan; a scheme.

(15): ( v. t.) The lathe of a loom. See Lathe, 3.

(16): ( imp.) of Lie, to recline.

(17): ( a.) Of or pertaining to the laity, as distinct from the clergy; as, a lay person; a lay preacher; a lay brother.

(18): ( a.) Not educated or cultivated; ignorant.

(19): ( a.) Not belonging to, or emanating from, a particular profession; unprofessional; as, a lay opinion regarding the nature of a disease.

(20): ( n.) The laity; the common people.

(21): ( n.) A meadow. See Lea.

(22): ( n.) Faith; creed; religious profession.

(23): ( n.) A law.

(24): ( n.) An obligation; a vow.

(25): ( a.) A song; a simple lyrical poem; a ballad.

(26): ( a.) A melody; any musical utterance.

(27): ( v. t.) A measure of yarn; a lea. See 1st Lea (a).

(28): ( v. t.) To bring forth and deposit; as, to lay eggs.

(29): ( v. i.) To produce and deposit eggs.

(30): ( v. t.) To apply; to put.

(31): ( v. t.) To state; to allege; as, to lay the venue.

(32): ( v. t.) To place (new type) properly in the cases.

(33): ( v. t.) To place and arrange (pages) for a form upon the imposing stone.

(34): ( v. t.) A share of the proceeds or profits of an enterprise; as, when a man ships for a whaling voyage, he agrees for a certain lay.

(35): ( v. t.) To deposit, as a wager; to stake; to risk.

(36): ( v. t.) A wager.

(37): ( v. t.) To point; to aim; as, to lay a gun.

(38): ( v. t.) A job, price, or profit.

(39): ( v. t.) To impute; to charge; to allege.

(40): ( v. t.) To impose, as a command or a duty; as, to lay commands on one.