Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament 
The Nuttall Encyclopedia 
The name the ancients gave to two distinct regions, the one
n the Roman side of the Alps, embracing the N. of Italy, as long inhabited by Gallic tribes; and the other
eyond the Alps from Rome, and extending from the Alps to the Pyrenees, from the ocean to the Rhine, inhabited by different races; subdued by Julius Cæsar 58-50 B.C., and divided by Augustus into four provinces.