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Morrish Bible Dictionary [1]

The terms 'fortress,' 'stronghold,' and 'castle' mostly refer to a part of a city that was more strongly fortified than by the mere walls.  Proverbs 18:19 speaks of the 'bars of a castle.' There was such a place in Jerusalem when the city was taken by David, which was held by the Jebusites.   2 Samuel 5:6,7 . The Romans had a 'castle' in Jerusalem, to which Paul was carried when he was seized by the Jews.  Acts 21:34,37 . This may have been the same that was called ANTONIA,a fortress built by Herod the Great, adjoining the temple, as described by Josephus: Wars, 5:5. 8. The Psalmist often calls Jehovah his rock and fortress.  Psalm 18:2;  Psalm 31:3;  Psalm 71:3;  Psalm 91:2 .

Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types [2]

 2 Samuel 22:2 (a) This describes a blessed hiding place in GOD, which the believer enjoys when he goes to the Lord in prayer and commits his case into His hands. (See also  Psalm 18:2;  Psalm 31:3;  Psalm 71:3;  Psalm 91:2;  Psalm 144:2;  Jeremiah 16:19).

 Jeremiah 6:27 (a) GOD promised to Jeremiah that he would be a strong and fearless witness which his enemies could not overcome.

King James Dictionary [3]


1. Any fortified place a fort a castle a strong hold a place of defense or security. The English have a strong fortress on the rock of Gibraltar, or that rock is a fortress. 2. Defense safety security

The Lord is my rock, and my fortress.  Psalms 18 .

FOR'TRESS, To furnish with fortresses to guard to fortify.

Webster's Dictionary [4]

(1): ( n.) A fortified place; a large and permanent fortification, sometimes including a town; a fort; a castle; a stronghold; a place of defense or security.

(2): ( v. t.) To furnish with a fortress or with fortresses; to guard; to fortify.

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature [5]

the rendering in the A.V. of the following Hebrew terms: מָצוֹר , Matsor (from its Intrenchment), Fortification,  Jeremiah 10:17 (elsewhere "bulwark," "fenced city," etc.). מַצוּדָה , Metsudah (from its Security), a Castle, espec. poet.,  2 Samuel 17:2;  Psalms 18:2-3;  Psalms 71:3;  Psalms 91:3;  Psalms 144:2 (elsewhere usually "stronghold").

מַבְצָר , Mibtsar (as being Inaccessible), A Fortified Place,  Isaiah 18:3;  Isaiah 25:12;  Isaiah 34:13;  Hosea 10:14;  Amos 5:9 (elsewhere "fenced city" [q.v.], "stronghold," etc.). מָעוֹז , Maoz (from its Strength), a Stronghold,  Jeremiah 16:19;  Daniel 11:7;  Daniel 11:10 (elsewhere "strength," etc.). SEE Fortification