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King James Dictionary [1]

Extre'Me, a. L. extremus, last. Outermost utmost farthest at the utmost point, edge or border as the extreme verge or point of a thing.

1. Greatest most violent utmost as extreme pain, grief, or suffering extreme joy or pleasure. 2. Last beyond which there is none as an extreme remedy. 3. Utmost worst or best that can exist or be supposed as an extreme case. 4. Most pressing as extreme necessity.

Extreme unction, among the Romanists, is the anointing of a sick person with oil, when decrepit with age or affected with some mortal disease, and usually just before death. It is applied to the eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, hands, feet and reins of penitents, and is supposed to represent the grace of God poured into the soul.

Extreme and mean proportion, in geometry, is when a line is so divided, that the whole line is to the greater segment, as the segment is to the less or when a line is so divided, that the rectangle under the whole line and the lesser segment is equal to the square of the greater segment.

Extre'Me, n. The utmost point or verge of a thing that part which terminates a body extremity.

1. Utmost point furthest degree as the extremes of heat and cold the extremes of virtue and vice. Avoid extremes. Extremes naturally beget each other.

There is a natural progression from the extreme of anarchy to the extreme of tyranny.

2. In logic, the extremes or extreme terms of a syllogism are the predicate and subject. Thus, "man is an animal: Peter is a man, therefore Peter is an animal " the word animal is the greater extreme, and man the medium. 3. In mathematics, the extremes are the first and last terms of a proportion as, when three magnitudes are proportional, the rectangle contained by the extremes is equal contained by the extremes is equal to the square of the mean.

Webster's Dictionary [2]

(1): ( n.) An extreme state or condition; hence, calamity, danger, distress, etc.

(2): ( n.) Utmost limit or degree that is supposable or tolerable; hence, furthest degree; any undue departure from the mean; - often in the plural: things at an extreme distance from each other, the most widely different states, etc.; as, extremes of heat and cold, of virtue and vice; extremes meet.

(3): ( n.) Either of the extreme terms of a syllogism, the middle term being interposed between them.

(4): ( n.) The utmost point or verge; that part which terminates a body; extremity.

(5): ( n.) The first or the last term of a proportion or series.

(6): ( a.) The best of worst; most urgent; greatest; highest; immoderate; excessive; most violent; as, an extreme case; extreme folly.

(7): ( a.) Last; final; conclusive; - said of time; as, the extreme hour of life.

(8): ( a.) At the utmost point, edge, or border; outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit.

(9): ( a.) Radical; ultra; as, extreme opinions.

(10): ( a.) Extended or contracted as much as possible; - said of intervals; as, an extreme sharp second; an extreme flat forth.