Everlasting

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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

1: Αἰώνιος (Strong'S #166 — Adjective — aionios — ahee-o'-nee-os )

see Eternal.

2: Ἀΐδιος (Strong'S #126 — Adjective — aidios — ah-id'-ee-os )

denotes "everlasting" (from aei, "ever"),  Romans 1:20 , RV, "everlasting," for AV, "eternal;"  Jude 1:6 , AV and RV "everlasting." Aionios, should always be translated "eternal" and aidios, "everlasting." "While aionios ... negatives the end either of a space of time or of unmeasured time, and is used chiefly where something future is spoken of, aidios excludes interruption and lays stress upon permanence and unchangeableness" (Cremer).

King James Dictionary [2]

EVERL`ASTING, a. ever and lasting. Lasting or enduring for ever eternal existing or continuing without end immortal.

The everlasting God, or Jehovah.  Genesis 21

Everlasting fire everlasting punishment.  Matthew 18:25 .

1. Perpetual continuing indefinitely, or during the present state of things.

I will give thee, and thy seed after thee, the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession.  Genesis 17

The everlasting hills or mountains. Genesis. Habakkuk.

2. In popular usage, endless continual unintermitted as, the family is disturbed with everlasting disputes.

EVERL`ASTING, n. Eternity eternal duration, past and future.

From everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.  Psalms 90

1. A plant, the Gnaphalium also, the Xeranthenum.

Easton's Bible Dictionary [3]

 Genesis 21:33 Deuteronomy 33:27 Psalm 41:13 90:2 Genesis 49:26 Exodus 40:15 Numbers 25:13Eternal

Webster's Dictionary [4]

(1): ( a.) Lasting or enduring forever; exsisting or continuing without end; immoral; eternal.

(2): ( a.) Continuing indefinitely, or during a long period; perpetual; sometimes used, colloquially, as a strong intensive; as, this everlasting nonsence.

Bridgeway Bible Dictionary [5]

See Eternity .

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament [6]

See Eternal.

Morrish Bible Dictionary [7]

See ETERNAL.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [8]

ev - ẽr - last´ing ( עולם , ‛ōlām , עד , ‛adh  ; ἀΐ́διος , aı́dios , αἰώνιος , aiō̇nios ): "Everlasting," in strictness, is that which endures forever; either that which has no beginning and will have no end (in which sense it is applicable to God only), or that which, having a beginning, will have no end, but henceforth will exist forever (thus of beings created for immortality; see Immortality ). Figuratively also the term is applied to objects of impressive stability and long duration, as mountains, hills (e.g.   Genesis 49:26;  Habakkuk 3:6 ).

Of the terms indicated as rendered by this word, ‛ōlām in the Old Testament and aiōnios in the New Testament, literally, "age-long," generally bear the full sense of "eternal" (always as applied to God, His mercy, His covenant, His kingdom and to the eternal life of believers). Hence, in the Revised Version (British and American) the rendering "everlasting" in the King James Version is, in the New Testament, uniformly changed to "eternal" (e.g.  Matthew 18:8;  Matthew 25:41 ,  Matthew 25:46;  Luke 16:9;  Luke 18:30;  John 3:16 ,  John 3:36 , etc.;  Acts 13:46;  Romans 6:22;  Romans 16:26;  Galatians 6:8;  Hebrews 13:20 ). In the Old Testament the rendering "everlasting" is usually retained in the Revised Version (British and American), and sometimes takes the place of other words or phrases, as "lasting" ( Deuteronomy 33:15 ), "ever," "forever" ( 1 Chronicles 16:36;  Nehemiah 9:5 ), "perpetual" ( Habakkuk 3:6;  Jeremiah 50:5 ), "of old" ( Habakkuk 3:6 margin). In   Psalm 100:5;  Psalm 119:144 , on the other hand, the Revised Version (British and American) changes the word to "for ever." In much the larger number of places ‛ōlām is translated "ever" or "for ever."

The word ‛adh , in the two cases in which it is translated "everlasting" in the King James Version (more frequently "for ever"), is in the Revised Version (British and American), in  Isaiah 9:6 , retained, with margin, "Father of Eternity," and in  Habakkuk 3:6 is changed into "eternal." Another word, ḳedhem , with the meaning "ancient time," is rendered "everlasting" in  Habakkuk 1:12 ("Art not thou from everlasting?"). With the same meaning it occurs in   Deuteronomy 33:27 , "The eternal God is thy dwelling-place."

The word which strictly answers to "everlasting" in the New Testament is aı̄dios ( Romans 1:20;  Judges 1:6 ), rendered by the King James Version in the former passages "eternal," but correctly by the Revised Version (British and American) in both passages, "everlasting." The sense of the word "everlasting," in application to future punishment, is considered in the article Punishment , Everlasting . The term "everlasting" or "eternal," applied to God, describes Him as filling, or enduring through, all the "ages" of time. It is only thus that we can symbolically represent eternity. In reality, however, the eternity of God is not simply His filling of ever-flowing "ages," but rather that aspect of His being in which He is above time; for which time (the succession-form of existence) does not exist; to which the terms past, present and future do not apply. Yet, while God is not in time (rather holds time in Himself), time-sequence, as the form of existence of the world, is a reality for God. See Eternal; Eternity .

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