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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words [1]

A — 1: Ἀντίκειμαι (Strong'S #480 — Verb — antikeimai — an-tik'-i-mahee )

"to be contrary" (anti, "against," keimai, "to lie"),  Galatians 5:17;  1—Timothy 1:10 . See Adversary.

B — 1: Παρά (Strong'S #3844 — Preposition — para — par-ah' )

"beside," has the meaning "contrary to" in  Acts 18:13;  Romans 11:24;  16:17; "other than" in  Galatians 1:8 .

B — 2: Ἀπέναντι (Strong'S #561 — Preposition — apenanti — ap-en'-an-tee )

lit., "from over against, opposite to" (apo, "from," enantios, "against,"), is translated "contrary to" in  Acts 17:7; "before" in  Matthew 27:24;  Romans 3:18; "over against;" in  Matthew 27:61; "in the presence of," in  Acts 3:16 .

 Matthew 21:2

C — 1: Ἐναντίος (Strong'S #1727 — Adjective — enantios — en-an-tee'-os )

"over against" (en, "in," antios, "against"), is used primarily of place,  Mark 15:39; of an opposing wind,  Matthew 14:24;  Mark 6:48;  Acts 27:4; metaphorically, opposed as an adversary, antagonistic,  Acts 26:9;  1—Thessalonians 2:15;  Titus 2:8;  Acts 28:17 , "against."

C — 2: Ὑπεναντίος (Strong'S #5227 — Adjective — hupenantios — hoop-en-an-tee'-os )

hupo, "under," and No. 1, opposite to, is used of "that which is contrary to persons,"  Colossians 2:14 , and as a noun, "adversaries,"  Hebrews 10:27 . See Adversary.

King James Dictionary [2]

Contrary a. L., against.

1. Opposite adverse moving against or in an opposite direction as contrary winds. 2. Opposite contradictory not merely different, but inconsistent or repugnant.

The flesh lusteth against the spirit, and the spirit against the flesh and these are contrary, the one to the other.  Galatians 5 .

This adjective, in many phrases, is to be treated grammatically as an adverb, or as an adjective referring to a sentence or affirmation as, this happened contrary to my expectations. The word here really belongs to the affirmation or fact declared, this happened for contrary does not, like an adverb, express the manner of happening, but that the fact itself was contrary to my expectation. According, agreeable, pursuant, antecedent, prior, anterior, &c., are often used in the like manner.


1. A thing that is contrary or of opposite qualities.

No contraries hold more antipathy, than I and such a knave.

2. A proposition contrary to another, or a fact contrary to what is alledged as, this is stated to be a fact, but I will endeavor to show the contrary.

On the contrary, in opposition on the other side.

To the contrary, to an opposite purpose, or fact.

They did it, not for want of instruction to the contrary.

He said it was just, but I told him to the contrary.

CONTRARY, To contradict or oppose.

Webster's Dictionary [3]

(1): (a.) Opposed; contradictory; repugnant; inconsistent.

(2): (a.) Affirming the opposite; so opposed as to destroy each other; as, contrary propositions.

(3): (a.) Opposite; in an opposite direction; in opposition; adverse; as, contrary winds.

(4): (a.) Given to opposition; perverse; forward; wayward; as, a contrary disposition; a contrary child.

(5): (n.) An opponent; an enemy.

(6): (n.) the opposite; a proposition, fact, or condition incompatible with another; as, slender proofs which rather show the contrary. See Converse, n., 1.

(7): (n.) See Contraries.

(8): (n.) A thing that is of contrary or opposite qualities.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [4]

kon´tra - ri ( קרי , ḳerı̄  ; ἐναντίος , enantı́os ): In the Old Testament it has the sense of antagonistic, as one person opposed or hostile to the other, especially in  Leviticus 26:21 ,  Leviticus 26:23 ,  Leviticus 26:14 ,  Leviticus 26:27 ,  Leviticus 26:28 ,  Leviticus 26:40 ,  Leviticus 26:41 , where Yahweh declares His attitude toward the people in such phrases as: "If ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me; then I will walk contrary unto you in wrath."

In the New Testament it has a more varied significance and is applied to both material and human relations as simply opposite, set over against an object or thing. Used of the wind as in  Matthew 14:24;  Mark 6:48;  Acts 27:4 , where it is spoken of as contrary. Refers also to conflicting doctrines, customs or beliefs, as  1 Timothy 1:10 , "and if there be any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine." Several other Greek words are translated with almost an identical meaning. Occasionally a prefix gives a slightly different shade of meaning.