From BiblePortal Wikipedia

Webster's Dictionary [1]

(1): (n.) A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon.

(2): (n.) An abyss.

(3): (v. t.) To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.

(4): (v. i.) To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of a cylinder.

(5): (v. i.) To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or grounded; - usually with on or upon.

(6): (n.) The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.

(7): (n.) The part of anything which is beneath the contents and supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.

(8): (n.) That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.

(9): (n.) The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.

(10): (n.) The fundament; the buttocks.

(11): (v. t.) To furnish with a bottom; as, to bottom a chair.

(12): (n.) Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river; low-lying ground; a dale; a valley.

(13): (n.) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.

(14): (n.) Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom.

(15): (n.) Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment.

(16): (a.) Of or pertaining to the bottom; fundamental; lowest; under; as, bottom rock; the bottom board of a wagon box; bottom prices.

(17): (v. t.) To reach or get to the bottom of.

(18): (v. t.) To found or build upon; to fix upon as a support; - followed by on or upon.

King James Dictionary [2]


1. The lowest part of any thing as the bottom of a well, vat or ship the bottom of a hill. 2. The ground under any body of water as the bottom of the sea, of a river or lake. 3. The foundation or ground work of any thing, as of an edifice,or of any system or moral subject the base, or that which supports any superstructure. 4. A low ground a dale a valley applied in the U. States to the flat lands adjoining rivers, &c. It is so used in some parts of England. 5. The deepest part that which is most remote from the view as, let us examine this subject to the bottom. 6. Bound limit.

There is no bottom in my voluptuousness.

7. The utmost extent or depth of cavity, or of intellect, whether deep or shallow.

I do see the bottom of justice Shallow.

8. The foundation, considered as the cause, spring or origin the first moving cause as, a foreign prince is at the bottom of the confederacy. 9. A ship or vessel. Goods imported in foreign bottoms pay a higher duty, than those imported in our own. Hence, a state of hazard,chance or risk but in this sense it is used chiefly or solely in the singular. We say, venture not too much in one bottom that is, do not hazard too much at a single risk. 10. A ball of thread. 11. The bottom of a lane or alley, is the lowest end. This phrase supposed a declivity but it is often used for the most remote part, when there is very little declivity. 12. The bottom of beer, or other liquor,is the grounds or dregs. 13. In the language of jockeys, stamina, native strength as a horse of good bottom.

BOT'TOM, To found or build upon to fix upon as a support followed by on as, sound reasoning is bottomed on just premises.

1. To furnish with a seat or bottom as, to bottom a chair. 2. To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.

BOT'TOM, To rest upon, as its ultimate support.

Find on what foundation a proposition bottoms.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia [3]

bot´um  : Rendered by several Hebrew words: (1) שׁרשׁ , sheresh , "root"; Chaldaic, שׂרשׁ , shoresh ( Job 36:30 , "the bottom of the sea"). (2) קרקע , ḳarḳa‛ , "soil," "pavement of tesserae" ( Amos 9:3 ). (3) קצב , ḳecebh , "cutting," "chop," "extremity" ( Jonah 2:6 , "the bottoms of the mountains"). (4) רפידה , rephı̄dhāh , "railing," "couch" ( Song of Solomon 3:10 , "the bottom thereof of gold"). (5) חיק , ḥēḳ , "bosom," "lap" ( Ezekiel 43:13 ,  Ezekiel 43:14 ,  Ezekiel 43:17 , the Revised Version, margin "hollow"). (6) מצלּה , mecullāh , "to be dark," "shadowy place," from primitive root cālal , "to tumble down," i.e. "settle"; hence, the idea of a valley ("the myrtle-trees that were in the bottom,"  Zechariah 1:8 the Revised Version, margin "shady place"). The prophet may have been wont to frequent the myrtle grove in the glen or bottoms, in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, for meditation and prayer ( BTP , II, 283).

The Nuttall Encyclopedia [4]

A weaver in the interlude in "Midsummer-Night's Dream," whom, with his ass's head, Titania falls in love with under the influence of a love-potion.